Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining

Author: Jens Holm-Nielsen
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423877
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining highlights the emergence of energy generation through the use of biomass and the ways it is becoming more widely used. The supply chains that produce the feedstocks, harvest, transport, store, and prepare them for combustion or refinement into other forms of fuel are long and complex, often differing from feedstock to feedstock. Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining considers every aspect of these supply chains, including their design, management, socioeconomic, and environmental impacts. The first part of the book introduces supply chains, biomass feedstocks, and their analysis, while the second part looks at the harvesting, handling, storage, and transportation of biomass. The third part studies the modeling of supply chains and their management, with the final section discussing, in minute detail, the supply chains involved in the production and usage of individual feedstocks, such as wood and sugar starches, oil crops, industrial biomass wastes, and municipal sewage stocks. Focuses on the complex supply chains of the various potential feedstocks for biomass energy generation Studies a wide range of biomass feedstocks, including woody energy crops, sugar and starch crops, lignocellulosic crops, oil crops, grass crops, algae, and biomass waste Reviews the modeling and optimization, standards, quality control and traceability, socioeconomic, and environmental impacts of supply chains

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining

Author: Alberto Figoli
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081004524
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Membrane Technologies for Biorefining highlights the best practices needed for the efficient and environmentally-compatible separation techniques that are fundamental to the conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals for use as alternatives to petroleum refining. Membrane technologies are increasingly of interest in biorefineries due to their modest energy consumption, low chemical requirements, and excellent separation efficiency. The book provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the different types of membranes and highlights the ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels. Topics have been selected to highlight both the variety of raw materials treated in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products. Presents the first book to focus specifically on membrane technologies in biorefineries Provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of membranes and highlight ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels Topics selected highlight both the variety of raw materials treated using membranes in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products

Magnetic Fusion Energy

Author: George Neilson
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081003269
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Magnetic Fusion Energy: From Experiments to Power Plants is a timely exploration of the field, giving readers an understanding of the experiments that brought us to the threshold of the ITER era, as well as the physics and technology research needed to take us beyond ITER to commercial fusion power plants. With the start of ITER construction, the world’s magnetic fusion energy (MFE) enterprise has begun a new era. The ITER scientific and technical (S&T) basis is the result of research on many fusion plasma physics experiments over a period of decades. Besides ITER, the scope of fusion research must be broadened to create the S&T basis for practical fusion power plants, systems that will continuously convert the energy released from a burning plasma to usable electricity, operating for years with only occasional interruptions for scheduled maintenance. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the significant fusion energy experiments Considers the pathway towards future development of magnetic fusion energy power plants Contains experts contributions from editors and others who are well known in the field

Handbook of Biofuels Production

Author: Rafael Luque
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081004567
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Handbook of Biofuels Production, Second Edition, discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage. Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The book provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technology. Key changes for this second edition include increased coverage of emerging feedstocks, including microalgae, more emphasis on by-product valorization for biofuels’ production, additional chapters on emerging biofuel production methods, and discussion of the emissions associated with biofuel use in engines. The editorial team is strengthened by the addition of two extra members, and a number of new contributors have been invited to work with authors from the first edition to revise existing chapters, thus offering fresh perspectives. Provides systematic and detailed coverage of the processes and technologies being used for biofuel production Discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage Reviews the production of both first and second generation biofuels Addresses integrated biofuel production in biorefineries and the use of waste materials as feedstocks

Absorption Based Post Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide

Author: Paul Feron
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081005156
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Absorption-Based Post-Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide provides a comprehensive and authoritative review of the use of absorbents for post-combustion capture of carbon dioxide. As fossil fuel-based power generation technologies are likely to remain key in the future, at least in the short- and medium-term, carbon capture and storage will be a critical greenhouse gas reduction technique. Post-combustion capture involves the removal of carbon dioxide from flue gases after fuel combustion, meaning that carbon dioxide can then be compressed and cooled to form a safely transportable liquid that can be stored underground. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the amine-based methods for carbon dioxide capture from flue gases and related processes Editors and contributors are well known experts in the field Presents the first book on this specific topic

Feuer und Zivilisation

Author: Johan Goudsblom
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658065060
Format: PDF
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Für Johan Goudsblom brachte die Entdeckung des Feuers und seiner Kontrolle in der Vorgeschichte eine radikale Umstellung der menschlichen Kultur. Dieser ersten grundlegenden ökologischen Wende folgten mit dem Ackerbau und der industriellen Revolution weitere Entwicklungsphasen im Umgang mit Feuer und deshalb mit der materiellen Umwelt und der ganzen Gesellschaft. Bis in unsere Tage ist die Kontrolle des Feuers ein integraler Bestandteil der Gesellschaften, die Menschen miteinander bilden. Die erste Auflage erschien 1995 beim Suhrkamp Verlag.

Modeling and Simulation

Author: Hartmut Bossel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663108228
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is the the English Language Version of the very successful German textbook, "Modellbildung und Simulation". It provides a self-contained and complete guide to the methods and mathematical background of modeling and simulation software of dynamic systems. Furthermore, an appropriate simulation software and a collection of dynamic system models (on the accompanying disk) are highlights of the book/software-Package.Dies ist die englischsprachige Ausgabe des sehr erfolgreichen Lehrbuches "Modellbildung und Simulation". Geboten wird eine vollständige Einführung in die Methoden der Simulation dynamischer Systeme, wobei auch der notwendige mathematische Hintergrund vermittelt wird. Außerdem ist eine Simulationssoftware Bestandteil des Werkes; auf der beiliegenden Diskette befinden sich ferner 50 Beispielsysteme ("Systemzoo"), die zur spielerischen Einübung der verwendeten Verfahren hilfreich sind.

Additive Fertigungsverfahren

Author: Andreas Gebhardt
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446452362
Format: PDF
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Die aktualisierte 5. Auflage dieses Standardwerks beschreibt die, noch anhaltende, Entwicklung und Verbreitung der Generativen Fertigungstechnik über alle Branchen und viele Anwendergruppen hinweg. Leistungsfähige Production Printer arbeiten in der Industrie und Fabber, kleine, preiswerte und meist selbst zu bauende 3D-Drucker, erschließen die Generative Fertigung auch für Privatleute und an entlegenen Orten. Seriöse Journale und Tageszeitungen machen mit Druckern Erfolgsgeschichten auf. Drucker sind in aller Munde. Daneben wird die Technik sukzessive verbessert. Die Prozesse werden stabiler und vor allem reproduzierbar. Eine wirkliche Massenproduktion von Einzelteilen gelingt in einzelnen Branchen und beginnt sich durchzusetzen. Neu in der 5. Auflage sind: - Aktualisierungen: Firmen, Maschinen und Material; Anwendungsbeispiele - Erweiterungen: Fabbertechnologie, Do It Yourself Drucker EXTRA: E-Book inside

Abaelards Historia calamitatum

Author: Dag Nikolaus Hasse
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110170122
Format: PDF
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Peter Abelard's autobiography, the Historia calamitatum, is one of the best-known medieval texts, especially because of the story of his love for Heloise which it recounts. In recent decades, there was so much controversy about the authenticity of the documents concerning Abelard and Heloise that the critical interpretation of the texts was relegated to the sidelines. The present volume provides a way out of this impasse. In it, the famous text is subjected to a series of exemplary analyses from the perspectives of seven different 20th century literary theories (aesthetics of reception, Foucault, Gender Studies, Rhetorical Stylistic Analysis, Psychology of Literature, Cultural Studies, Deconstruction). The analyses are preceded by the Latin text of the Historia calamitatum with a modern German translation. This is thus the first time that the Historia calamitatum has been presented in a bilingual edition.