Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Materials and Composites

Author: Raju Francis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527338365
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With its content taken from only the very latest results, this is an extensive summary of the various polymeric materials used for biomedical applications. Following an introduction listing various functional polymers, including conductive, biocompatible and conjugated polymers, the book goes on to discuss different synthetic polymers that can be used, for example, as hydrogels, biochemical sensors, functional surfaces, and natural degradable materials. Throughout, the focus is on applications, with worked examples for training purposes as well as case studies included. The whole is rounded off with a look at future trends.

Electrically Conductive Polymers and Polymer Composites

Author: Anish Khan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527342893
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the latest research trends in conductive polymers and polymer hybrids, summarizing recent achievements. The book begins by introducing conductive polymer materials and their classification, while subsequent chapters discuss the various syntheses, resulting properties and up-scaling as well as the important applications in biomedical and biotechnological fields, including biosensors and biodevices. The whole is rounded off by a look at future technological advances. The result is a well-structured, essential reference for beginners as well as experienced researchers.

Biomedical and Dental Applications of Polymers

Author: Charles Gebelein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475795106
Format: PDF, Docs
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The development and use of medical and dental materials are highly interdisciplinary endeavors which require expertise in chemistry, materials science, medicine and/or dentistry, mechanics and design engineering. The Symposium upon which this treatise is based was organized to bring members from these communities together to explore problems of mutual interest. The biomaterials which are used in medical or dental prostheses must not only exhibit structural stability and provide the desired function, but they must also perform over extended periods of time in the environment of the body. The latter is a very stringent requirement. The oral and other physiological environments are designed by nature to break down many organic substances. Also of importance is the requirement that materials used in the prosthesis not have a deleterious effect on body tissues. Most foreign (to the body) substances are somewhat toxic to human tissues; in fact, few factors are more limiting in the medical prosthesis field than the biocompatibility problem. Some of these problems and the attempts to solve them are discussed in this volume.

Engineering Materials for Biomedical Applications

Author: Teoh Swee Hin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814481645
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The success of any implant or medical device depends very much on the biomaterial used. Synthetic materials (such as metals, polymers and composites) have made significant contributions to many established medical devices. The aim of this book is to provide a basic understanding on the engineering and processing aspects of biomaterials used in medical applications. Of paramount importance is the tripartite relationship between material properties, processing methods and design. As the target audiences cover a wide interdisciplinary field, each chapter is written with a detailed background so that audience of another discipline will be able to understand. For the more knowledgeable reader, a detailed list of references is included. Contents:Introduction to Biomaterials Engineering and Processing — An Overview (S H Teoh)Durability of Metallic Implant Materials (M Sumita & S H Teoh)Corrosion of Metallic Implants (D J Blackwood et al.)Surface Modification of Metallic Biomaterials (T Hanawa)Biorestorative Materials in Dentistry (A U J Yap)Bioceramics: An Introduction (B Ben-Nissan & G Pezzotti)Polymeric Hydrogels (J Li)Bioactive Ceramic-Polymer Composites for Tissue Replacement (M Wang)Composites in Biomedical Applications (Z M Huang & S Ramakrishna)New Methods and Materials in Prosthetics for Rehabilitation of Lower Limb Amputees (P V S Lee)Chitin-Based Biomaterials (E Khor) Readership: Undergraduates and postgraduates (in bioengineering, materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, dental and orthopaedic departments), engineers, researchers, academics/lecturers and industrialists. Keywords:Biomaterials Engineering and Processing;Durability of Metallic Implants;Surface Modification;Dental Materials;Bioceramics;Polymeric Hydrogels;Composites;Prosthetics;ChitinKey Features:Contains detailed information on the latest biomaterials (such as polymers, metals, ceramics and composites ) used in medical devicesProvides a good understanding into the durability issues such as an in-depth treatment of corrosion and fretting fatigue of metallic implantsIt leads the reader to have a greater appreciation on the need for surface modification so as to enable the medical device to have the appropriate tissue response

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Author: Sangamesh Kumbar
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123972906
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

An Introduction to Biocomposites

Author: Seeram Ramakrishna
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 178326084X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Many years of cumulative research has been conducted on the usage of fiber-reinforced composites for biomedical application, but no one source exists where this topic is dealt with systematically. This book addresses polymer composites applied to bioengineering in a comprehensive manner. For potential applications to be successful, full advantage must be taken of the materials properties and the manufacturing techniques to meet the needs of biomedical application. This book focuses on fiber-based composites applied to bioengineering. It addresses three main areas. First, it presents a comprehensive survey of biocomposites from the existing literature in various medical applications, paying particular attention to hard-tissue-related implants. Second, mechanical designs and manufacturing aspects of various fibrous polymer matrix composites are described. The third area concerns examples of the design and development of several medical devices and implants using polymer composites. Chapter 1: Introduction (288 KB) Contents:BiocompatibilityConstituent, Fabrication, and CharacterizationMechanics of Composite MaterialsDesigning with Composite MaterialsBiomedical Applications of Polymer CompositesCase Studies Readership: Researchers and graduate students in bioengineering, polymers and mechanics. Keywords:Bioengineering;Composite Materials;Fiber;Polymer;Medical Devices;Design

Non Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials

Author: Sabu Thomas
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128131535
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials: Applications in Composites, Nanostructured Materials and Biomedical Fields provides both an introduction and practical guide to plasma synthesis, modification and processing of polymers, their composites, nancomposites, blends, IPNs and gels. It examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the field, including the use of plasma treatment to enhance adhesion, characterization techniques, and the environmental aspects of the process. Particular attention is paid to the effects on the final properties of composites and the characterization of fiber/polymer surface interactions. This book helps demystify the process of plasma polymerization, providing a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of plasma technology as they relate to polymers. It is ideal for materials scientists, polymer chemists, and engineers, acting as a guide to further research into new applications of this technology in the real world. Enables materials scientists and engineers to deploy plasma technology for surface treatment, characterization and analysis of polymeric materials Reviews the state-of-the-art in plasma technology for polymer synthesis and processing Presents detailed coverage of the most advanced applications for plasma polymerization, particularly in medicine and biomedical engineering, areas such as implants, biosensors and tissue engineering

Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Nanofibers

Author: Rangasamy Jayakumar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642271480
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Multiscale Fibrous Scaffolds in Regenerative Medicine, by Sowmya Srinivasan, R. Jayakumar, K. P. Chennazhi, Erica J. Levorson, Antonios G. Mikos and Shantikumar V. Nair; Stem Cells and Nanostructures for Advanced Tissue Regeneration, by Molamma P. Prabhakaran, J. Venugopal, Laleh Ghasemi-Mobarakeh, Dan Kai Guorui Jin and Seeram Ramakrishna; Creating Electrospun Nanofiber-Based Biomimetic Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration, by Eleni Katsanevakis, Xuejun Wen and Ning Zhang; Synthetic/Biopolymer Nanofibrous Composites as Dynamic Tissue Engineering Scaffolds, by J. A. Kluge and R. L. Mauck; Electrospun Fibers as Substrates for Peripheral Nerve Regeneration, by Jörg Mey, Gary Brook, Dorothée Hodde and Andreas Kriebel; Highly Aligned Polymer Nanofiber Structures: Fabrication and Applications in Tissue Engineering, by Vince Beachley, Eleni Katsanevakis, Ning Zhang, Xuejun Wen; Electrospinning of Biocompatible Polymers and Their Potentials in Biomedical Applications, by Pitt Supaphol, Orawan Suwantong, Pakakrong Sangsanoh, Sowmya Srinivasan, Rangasamy Jayakumar and Shantikumar V. Nair; Electrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds-Current Status and Prospects in Drug Delivery, by M. Prabaharan, R. Jayakumar and S. V. Nair.; Biomedical Applications of Polymer/Silver Composite Nanofibers, by R. Jayakumar, M. Prabaharan, K. T. Shalumon, K. P. Chennazhi and S. V. Nair.-

New Polymeric Composite Materials

Author: Inamuddin
Publisher: Materials Research Forum LLC
ISBN: 1945291095
Format: PDF, Docs
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Polymeric and composite materials are in high demand and their continuing development is making our life style more comfortable. The present book reviews the latest research results in the field and explores the technological advantages of these materials in environmental, biomedical, actuator and fuel cell applications. Also discussed are applications of polymeric and composite materials in such areas as shape memory polymers, green composites for artificial organs, geomembranes for the safe disposal of waste, removal of heavy metals and dyes, adhesives, sensors and actuators, fuel cells, membrane and environmental sustainability, etc.

Polymer Composites Biocomposites

Author: Sabu Thomas
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527329809
Format: PDF
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Polymer composites are materials in which the matrix polymer is reinforced with organic/inorganic fillers of a definite size and shape, leading to enhanced performance of the resultant composite. These materials find a wide number of applications in such diverse fields as geotextiles, building, electronics, medical, packaging, and automobiles. This first systematic reference on the topic emphasizes the characteristics and dimension of this reinforcement. The authors are leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions across the globe, and adopt a practical approach here, covering such aspects as the preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymer composites. The book begins by discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems. Interfacial characterization of the composites is discussed in detail, as is the macro- and micromechanics of the composites. Structure-property relationships in various composite systems are explained with the help of theoretical models, while processing techniques for various macro- to nanocomposite systems and the influence of processing parameters on the properties of the composite are reviewed in detail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic, viscoelastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, tribological, rheological, optical, electrical and barrier properties are highlighted, as well as their myriad applications. Divided into three volumes: Vol. 1. Macro- and Microcomposites; Vol. 2. Nanocomposites; and Vol. 3. Biocomposites.