Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Materials and Composites

Author: Raju Francis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527338365
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With its content taken from only the very latest results, this is an extensive summary of the various polymeric materials used for biomedical applications. Following an introduction listing various functional polymers, including conductive, biocompatible and conjugated polymers, the book goes on to discuss different synthetic polymers that can be used, for example, as hydrogels, biochemical sensors, functional surfaces, and natural degradable materials. Throughout, the focus is on applications, with worked examples for training purposes as well as case studies included. The whole is rounded off with a look at future trends.

Electrically Conductive Polymers and Polymer Composites

Author: Anish Khan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527342893
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the latest research trends in conductive polymers and polymer hybrids, summarizing recent achievements. The book begins by introducing conductive polymer materials and their classification, while subsequent chapters discuss the various syntheses, resulting properties and up-scaling as well as the important applications in biomedical and biotechnological fields, including biosensors and biodevices. The whole is rounded off by a look at future technological advances. The result is a well-structured, essential reference for beginners as well as experienced researchers.

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Author: Sangamesh Kumbar
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123972906
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

Engineering Materials for Biomedical Applications

Author: Teoh Swee Hin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814481645
Format: PDF
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The success of any implant or medical device depends very much on the biomaterial used. Synthetic materials (such as metals, polymers and composites) have made significant contributions to many established medical devices. The aim of this book is to provide a basic understanding on the engineering and processing aspects of biomaterials used in medical applications. Of paramount importance is the tripartite relationship between material properties, processing methods and design. As the target audiences cover a wide interdisciplinary field, each chapter is written with a detailed background so that audience of another discipline will be able to understand. For the more knowledgeable reader, a detailed list of references is included. Contents:Introduction to Biomaterials Engineering and Processing — An Overview (S H Teoh)Durability of Metallic Implant Materials (M Sumita & S H Teoh)Corrosion of Metallic Implants (D J Blackwood et al.)Surface Modification of Metallic Biomaterials (T Hanawa)Biorestorative Materials in Dentistry (A U J Yap)Bioceramics: An Introduction (B Ben-Nissan & G Pezzotti)Polymeric Hydrogels (J Li)Bioactive Ceramic-Polymer Composites for Tissue Replacement (M Wang)Composites in Biomedical Applications (Z M Huang & S Ramakrishna)New Methods and Materials in Prosthetics for Rehabilitation of Lower Limb Amputees (P V S Lee)Chitin-Based Biomaterials (E Khor) Readership: Undergraduates and postgraduates (in bioengineering, materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, dental and orthopaedic departments), engineers, researchers, academics/lecturers and industrialists. Keywords:Biomaterials Engineering and Processing;Durability of Metallic Implants;Surface Modification;Dental Materials;Bioceramics;Polymeric Hydrogels;Composites;Prosthetics;ChitinKey Features:Contains detailed information on the latest biomaterials (such as polymers, metals, ceramics and composites ) used in medical devicesProvides a good understanding into the durability issues such as an in-depth treatment of corrosion and fretting fatigue of metallic implantsIt leads the reader to have a greater appreciation on the need for surface modification so as to enable the medical device to have the appropriate tissue response

Polymeric Biomaterials

Author: Severian Dumitriu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420094718
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and Function, contains 25 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: The structure and properties of synthetic polymers including polyesters, polyphosphazenes, and elastomers The structure and properties of natural polymers such as mucoadhesives, chitin, lignin, and carbohydrate derivatives Blends and composites—for example, metal–polymer composites and biodegradable polymeric/ceramic composites Bioresorbable hybrid membranes, drug delivery systems, cell bioassay systems, electrospinning for regenerative medicine, and more Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials: from their chemical, physical, and structural properties to polymer synthesis and processing techniques and current applications in the medical and pharmaceutical fields.

New Polymeric Composite Materials

Author: Inamuddin
Publisher: Materials Research Forum LLC
ISBN: 1945291095
Format: PDF, ePub
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Polymeric and composite materials are in high demand and their continuing development is making our life style more comfortable. The present book reviews the latest research results in the field and explores the technological advantages of these materials in environmental, biomedical, actuator and fuel cell applications. Also discussed are applications of polymeric and composite materials in such areas as shape memory polymers, green composites for artificial organs, geomembranes for the safe disposal of waste, removal of heavy metals and dyes, adhesives, sensors and actuators, fuel cells, membrane and environmental sustainability, etc.

Advanced Polymeric Materials

Author: Gabriel O. Shonaike
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203492901
Format: PDF, Docs
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Featuring contributions from experts at some of the world's leading academic and industrial institutions, Advanced Polymeric Materials: Structure Property Relationships brings into book form a wealth of information previously available primarily only within computer programs. In a welcome narrative treatment, it provides comprehensive coverage of polymeric materials, including polymer composites as well as the more commonly addressed polymer blends. Along with discussion on a variety of applications, topics include general aggregate properties, design considerations, characterization and enhancement of physical and mechanical properties, processing and manufacturing, and components failure.

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites

Author: A. K. Kulshreshtha
Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
ISBN: 9781859572788
Format: PDF, ePub
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This handbook is part of a four volume handbook, intended to provide an overview of the theory and application of polymer blends and composites. Practical and theoretical investigations are presented, aimed at generating an understanding of the fundamental nature of polymer mixtures and composites and describing progress in the thermodynamics of mixing (both in solution and solid state) of binary and multi-component systems.

Nanofiber Composites for Biomedical Applications

Author: Murugan Ramalingam
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081002084
Format: PDF, Docs
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Nanofiber Composite Materials for Biomedical Applications presents new developments and recent advances in nanofiber-reinforced composite materials and their use in biomedical applications, including biomaterial developments, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Unlike more conventional titles on composite materials, this book covers the most innovative new developments in nanofiber-based composites, including polymers, ceramics, and metals, with particular emphasis on their preparation and characterization methodology. Selected case studies illustrate new developments in clinical and preclinical use, making the information critical for the development of new medical materials and systems for use in human health care, and for the exploration of new design spaces based on these nanofibers. This book is essential reading for those working in biomedical science and engineering, materials science, nanoscience, biomedical nanotechnology, and biotechnology. Covers innovative new developments in nanofiber composites, including polymers, ceramics, and metals with particular emphasis on their preparation and characterization methodology Deals with biomedical applications, including biomaterials developments, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine Presents selected case studies on nanofiber composite materials in both clinical and preclinical use