Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction

Author: Jan Knippers
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319463748
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book comprises a first survey of the Collaborative Research Center SFB-TRR 141 ‘Biological Design and Integrative Structures – Analysis, Simulation and Implementation in Architecture’, funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft since October 2014. The SFB-TRR 141 provides a collaborative framework for architects and engineers from the University of Stuttgart, biologists and physicists from the University of Freiburg and geoscientists and evolutionary biologists from the University of Tübingen. The programm is conceptualized as a dialogue between the disciplines and is based on the belief that that biomimetic research has the potential to lead everyone involved to new findings far beyond his individual reach. During the last few decades, computational methods have been introduced into all fields of science and technology. In architecture, they enable the geometric differentiation of building components and allow the fabrication of porous or fibre-based materials with locally adjusted physical and chemical properties. Recent developments in simulation technologies focus on multi-scale models and the interplay of mechanical phenomena at various hierarchical levels. In the natural sciences, a multitude of quantitative methods covering diverse hierarchical levels have been introduced. These advances in computational methods have opened a new era in biomimetics: local differentiation at various scales, the main feature of natural constructions, can for the first time not only be analysed, but to a certain extent also be transferred to building construction. Computational methodologies enable the direct exchange of information between fields of science that, until now, have been widely separated. As a result they lead to a new approach to biomimetic research, which, hopefully, contributes to a more sustainable development in architecture and building construction.

Highlights in Applied Mineralogy

Author: Soraya Heuss-Aßbichler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110495082
Format: PDF
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What can we learn from nature? The study of the physical, chemical and structural properties of well-known minerals in the geo- and biosphere creates new opportunities for innovative applications in technology, environment or medicine. This book highlights today’s research on outstanding minerals such as garnets used as components in all solid state batteries, delafossite formation during wastewater treatment, monazites for the immobilization of high level radioactive waste or hyroxylapatite as bioactive material for medical implant applications. Contents Part I: High-technology materials Lithium ion–conducting oxide garnets Olivine-type battery materials Natural and synthetic zeolites Microstructure analysis of chalcopyrite-type CuInSe2 and kesterite-type Cu2ZnSnSe4 absorber layers in thin film solar cells Surface-engineered silica via plasma polymer deposition Crystallographic symmetry analysis in NiTi shape memory alloys Part II: Environmental mineralogy Gold, silver, and copper in the geosphere and anthroposphere: can industrial wastewater act as an anthropogenic resource? Applied mineralogy for recovery from the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Phosphates as safe containers for radionuclides Immobilization of high-level waste calcine (radwaste) in perovskites Titanate ceramics for high-level nuclear waste immobilization Part III: Biomineralization, biomimetics, and medical mineralogy Patterns of mineral organization in carbonate biological hard materials Sea urchin spines as role models for biological design and integrative structures Nacre: a biomineral, a natural biomaterial, and a source of bio-inspiration Hydroxylapatite coatings: applied mineralogy research in the bioceramics field A procedure to apply spectroscopic techniques in the investigation of silica-bearing industrial materials

Bio konomie f r Einsteiger

Author: Joachim Pietzsch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366253763X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Dieses Buch bietet eine aktuelle und gut lesbare Einführung in die Bioökonomie. Es vermittelt damit grundlegende Kenntnisse zum Verständnis eines Transformationsprozesses, der das 21. Jahrhundert prägen wird und die Integration vieler Disziplinen und Branchen verlangt, die bisher wenig miteinander zu tun hatten. Die Rede ist von dem allmählichen und notwendigen Übergang aus dem Zeitalter fossiler Brennstoffe, das vor rund 200 Jahren begann, in eine weltweite Wirtschaftsform, die auf nachwachsenden Rohstoffen (und erneuerbaren Energien) basiert. Dieses Buch begreift die Verwirklichung von Bioökonomie(n) dabei als eine dreifache Herausforderung – eine naturwissenschaftliche, eine ökonomische und eine ökologische. Woher stammt die Biomasse, die wir vorrangig für die Ernährung der wachsenden Weltbevölkerung wie auch für eine zukünftige energetische und stoffliche Nutzung brauchen? Wie wird sie in Bioraffinerien verarbeitet und welche Rolle kommt der Biotechnologie zu? Welche Gesichtspunkte der Innovationsökonomie gilt es zu bedenken, welche betriebswirtschaftlichen Aspekte der Wertschöpfung, Wettbewerbsfähigkeit und Kundenakzeptanz sind von Bedeutung? Welche Bedingungen muss die Bioökonomie erfüllen, um eine nachhaltige Entwicklung der Erde zu ermöglichen? Darf sie überhaupt auf Wachstumsziele setzen oder sollte sie sich nicht besser am Ideal der Suffizienz orientieren? Indem das Buch diese Fragen aus den nicht widerspruchsfreien Perspektiven ausgewiesener Experten behandelt, gibt es einen interdisziplinären Überblick über ein dynamisches Feld von Forschung und Praxis, der mehr Fragen aufwirft als beantwortet und dennoch eine Lücke schließt. Denn bisher gibt es keine verständliche und fachübergreifende Darstellung der Bioökonomie. Das macht die Lektüre dieses Buches zu einem Gewinn nicht nur für Einsteiger, sondern auch für Fachleute, die über die Grenzen ihres eigenen Fachgebietes hinausschauen wollen.

Plant Biomechanics

Author: Anja Geitmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319790994
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides important insights into the operating principles of plants by highlighting the relationship between structure and function. It describes the quantitative determination of structural and mechanical parameters, such as the material properties of a tissue, in correlation with specific features, such as the ability of the tissue to conduct water or withstand bending forces, which will allow advanced analysis in plant biomechanics. This knowledge enables researchers to understand the developmental changes that occur in plant organs over their life span and under the influence of environmental factors. The authors provide an overview of the state of the art of plant structure and function and how they relate to the mechanical behavior of the organism, such as the ability of plants to grow against the gravity vector or to withstand the forces of wind. They also show the sophisticated strategies employed by plants to effect organ movement and morphogenesis in the absence of muscles or cellular migration. As such, this book not only appeals to scientists currently working in plant sciences and biophysics, but also inspires future generations to pursue their own research in this area.

Biomimetics for Architecture Design

Author: Göran Pohl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319191209
Format: PDF
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This book provides the readers with a timely guide to the application of biomimetic principles in architecture and engineering design. As a result of a combined effort by two internationally recognized authorities, the biologist Werner Nachtigall and the architect Göran Pohl, the book describes the principles which can be used to compare nature and technology, and at the same time it presents detailed explanations and examples showing how biology can be used as a source of inspiration and “translated” in building and architectural solutions (biomimicry). Even though nature cannot be directly copied, the living world can provide architects and engineers with a wealth of analogues and inspirations for their own creative designs. But how can analysis of natural entities give rise to advanced and sustainable design? By reporting on the latest bionic design methods and using extensive artwork, the book guides readers through the field of nature-inspired architecture, offering an extraordinary resource for professional architects, engineers, designers and urban planners, as well as for university teachers, researchers and students. Natural evolution is seen throughout the book as a powerful resource that can serve architecture and design by providing innovative, optimal and sustainable solutions.

Baubionik

Author: Jan Knippers
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783035617856
Format: PDF, ePub
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Bionik ist ein faszinierendes Grenzgebiet zwischen Grundlagenforschung und praktischer Anwendung, zwischen Architektur und Biologie: Die Analyse biologischer Konstruktionen kann zu verblüffenden technischen Lösungen führen. Das Buch verfolgt an einer Vielzahl von Beispielen den Weg von der Erkenntnis, wie etwas funktioniert, über die Abstraktion in Computermodellen und den Bau erster Prototypen bis zur funktionierenden Fertigung und Produktion.

Biomimetics Materials Structures and Processes

Author: Petra Gruber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642119347
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The book presents an outline of current activities in the field of biomimetics and integrates a variety of applications comprising biophysics, surface sciences, architecture and medicine. Biomimetics as innovation method is characterised by interdisciplinary information transfer from the life sciences to technical application fields aiming at increased performance, functionality and energy efficiency. The contributions of the book relate to the research areas: - Materials and structures in nanotechnology and biomaterials - Biomimetic approaches to develop new forms, construction principles and design methods in architecture - Information and dynamics in automation, neuroinformatics and biomechanics Readers will be informed about the latest research approaches and results in biomimetics with examples ranging from bionic nano-membranes to function-targeted design of tribological surfaces and the translation of natural auditory coding strategies.

ETFE

Author: Annette LeCuyer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3034609884
Format: PDF
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In funktional und technologisch anspruchsvollen und innovativen Gebäudeentwürfen hat die Verwendung von ETFE-Folien in jüngster Zeit große Bedeutung erlangt. Dieses Folienmaterial ist von erstaunlicher Dünnheit bei enormer Reißfestigkeit und ist zum Teil leichter als die Luft, die es umschließt. Bekannt geworden ist das Material vor allem durch das Eden Project von Nicholas Grimshaw und die Allianz Arena von Herzog & de Meuron. Derzeit im Bau ist das spektakuläre Schwimmstadion für die Olympischen Spiele 2008 in Beijing – die bislang weltweit größte ETFE-Struktur. Das Buch ist als fundiertes Grundlagenwerk konzipiert, das sowohl Materialeigenschaften wie technologische und konstruktive Verwendungsmöglichkeiten grundsätzlich und umfassend vermittelt. Ausführlich geht die Autorin auf die Spezifika von ETFE in Bezug auf Lichtdurchlässigkeit, Dämmeigenschaften, Akustik, Brandschutz und ökologische Verträglichkeit ein. Ebenso stellt sie anhand von zahlreichen Projektbeispielen Entwurfslösungen vor.

Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering

Author: Fernando Pacheco Torgal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319092871
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Putting forward an innovative approach to solving current technological problems faced by human society, this book encompasses a holistic way of perceiving the potential of natural systems. Nature has developed several materials and processes which both maintain an optimal performance and are also totally biodegradable, properties which can be used in civil engineering. Delivering the latest research findings to building industry professionals and other practitioners, as well as containing information useful to the public, ‘Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering’ serves as an important tool to tackle the challenges of a more sustainable construction industry and the future of buildings.