Biopolymer Nanocomposites

Author: Alain Dufresne
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118609905
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Sets forth the techniques needed to create a vast array ofuseful biopolymer nanocomposites Interest in biopolymer nanocomposites is soaring. Not only arethey green and sustainable materials, they can also be used todevelop a broad range of useful products with special properties,from therapeutics to coatings to packaging materials. Withcontributions from an international team of leading nanoscientistsand materials researchers, this book draws together and reviews themost recent developments and techniques in biopolymernano-composites. It describes the preparation, processing,properties, and applications of bio- polymer nanocompositesdeveloped from chitin, starch, and cellulose, three renewableresources. Biopolymer Nanocomposites features a logical organizationand approach that make it easy for readers to take full advantageof the latest science and technology in designing these materialsand developing new products and applications. It begins with achapter reviewing our current understanding of bionanocomposites.Next, the book covers such topics as: Morphological and thermal investigations of chitin-basednanocomposites Applications of starch nanoparticle and starch-basedbionanocomposites Spectroscopic characterization of renewable nanoparticles andtheir composites Nanocellulosic products and their applications Protein-based nanocomposites for food packaging Throughout the book, detailed case studies of industrialapplications underscore the unique challenges and opportunities indeveloping and working with biopolymer nanocomposites. There arealso plenty of figures to help readers fully grasp key concepts andtechniques. Exploring the full range of applications, BiopolymerNanocomposites is recommended for researchers in a broad rangeof industries and disciplines, including biomedical engineering,materials science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, andpolymer science. All readers will learn how to create green,sustainable products and applications using these tremendouslyversatile materials.

Biocomposites Design and Mechanical Performance

Author: Manjusri Misra
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 178242394X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Biocomposites: Design and Mechanical Performance describes recent research on cost-effective ways to improve the mechanical toughness and durability of biocomposites, while also reducing their weight. Beginning with an introduction to commercially competitive natural fiber-based composites, chapters then move on to explore the mechanical properties of a wide range of biocomposite materials, including polylactic, polyethylene, polycarbonate, oil palm, natural fiber epoxy, polyhydroxyalkanoate, polyvinyl acetate, polyurethane, starch, flax, poly (propylene carbonate)-based biocomposites, and biocomposites from biodegradable polymer blends, natural fibers, and green plastics, giving the reader a deep understanding of the potential of these materials. Describes recent research to improve the mechanical properties and performance of a wide range of biocomposite materials Explores the mechanical properties of a wide range of biocomposite materials, including polylactic, polyethylene, polycarbonate, oil palm, natural fiber epoxy, polyhydroxyalkanoate, polyvinyl acetate, and polyurethane Evaluates the potential of biocomposites as substitutes for petroleum-based plastics in industries such as packaging, electronic, automotive, aerospace and construction Includes contributions from leading experts in this field

Polyurethanes

Author: Mark F. Sonnenschein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118737938
Format: PDF
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A complete overview of a key plastic One of the most versatile polymer materials, polyurethanes havea unique chemical nature that allows for shaping and molding to fitall sorts of consumer and industrial products – seatcushions, carpets, insulation, coatings, and refrigerators to namea few. Despite its popular uses, polyurethane science has onlyrelatively recently achieved appreciation for the richness of itsexpression as a polymer family. This book provides a thoroughpresentation of polyurethane science, technology markets and trendanalysis based on recent patents. Although it does notprovide ultimate detail (such as explicit information typically inpatents), the book has a flow and continuity that allows readers tofind all the background necessary to understand any other moredetailed polyurethane information found elsewhere. Anyone involved in the polymer and plastics industry will findthis book a key resource with features that include: An in-depth summary of the current state of polyurethaneresearch and knowledge Discussion of the applications, manufacture, and markets forpolyurethanes Analytical methods, reaction mechanisms, morphology,theoretical techniques, and the selection of chain extenders Polyurethane flexible and rigid foams, elastomers, coatings,adhesives, and medical applications In-depth coverage of governmental regulations,non-isocyanate/non-phosgene routes to polyurethane structure, andindustrial routes to environmental, health, and safety riskmitigation

Functional Polymer Coatings

Author: Limin Wu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118883039
Format: PDF, Docs
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Focusing on a variety of coatings, this book provides detaileddiscussion on preparation, novel techniques, recent developments,and design theories to present the advantages of each function andprovide the tools for better product performance andproperties. • Presents advantages and benefits ofproperties and applications of the novel coating types • Includes chapters on specific and novelcoatings, like nanocomposite, surface wettability tunable,stimuli-responsive, anti-fouling, antibacterial, self-healing, andstructural coloring • Provides detailed discussion on recentdevelopments in the field as well as current and futureperspectives • Acts as a guide for polymer and materialsresearchers in optimizing polymer coating properties and increasingproduct performance

Polysaccharide Based Nanocrystals

Author: Jin Huang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527336192
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Polysaccharide nanocrystals can be derived from the renewable resources cellulose, chitin or starch, which makes them ideal candidates for "Green Materials Science". This versatile material class can be used in nanocomposites such as rubber or polyester, and in functional materials such as drug carriers, bio-inspired mechanically adaptive materials or membranes. Moreover, polysaccharide-based nanomaterials are environmentally friendly due to their intrinsic biodegradability. With its interdisciplinary approach the book gives a thorough introduction to extraction, structure, properties, surface modification, theory, and mechanisms of material formation of polysaccharide nanocrystals from renewable resources. In addition, it provides an in-depth description of plastics, composites, and nanomaterials from cellulose nanocrystals, chitin nanowhiskers and starch nanocrystals. The first focused, concise and coherent treatment of nanomaterials made from renewable resources such as cellulose, chitin, and starch - for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of polymeric materials.

Functional and Physical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites

Author: Aravind Dasari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118542320
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The first book to extensively cover nanoparticles, this addresses some of the key issues in nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites (polymers reinforced with nanoparticles), are of great interest due to their remarkable mechanical, thermal, chemical properties as well as optical, electronic, and magnetic applications Potential applications include automobile body parts, high-barrier packaging materials, flame-retardants, scratch-resistant composites, and biodegradable nanocomposites Combines basic theory as well as advanced and in-depth knowledge of these properties Broad audience includes researchers in Materials Science, Physics, Polymer Chemistry, and Engineering, and those in industry

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications

Author: Srikanth Pilla
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118177045
Format: PDF, ePub
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In today’s world, bioplastics are becoming increasinglyprominent owing mainly to scarcity of oil, increase in the cost ofpetroleum-based commodities, and growing environmental concernswith the dumping of non-biodegradable plastics in landfills. Thisbook summarizes the field of bioplastics by illustrating how theyform a unique class of research area that integrates pure andapplied sciences such as chemistry, engineering and materialsscience, to initate solutions. Compelling science demystics thiscomplex and often ambiguous branch of study for benefit of allthose concerned with bioplastics.

Responsive Materials and Methods

Author: Ashutosh Tiwari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118842901
Format: PDF
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The development of finely-tuned materials that adjust in a predictable manner by specific environment change is the recent arena of materials research. It is a newly emerging supra-disciplinary field with huge commercial potential. Stimuli-responsive materials answer by a considerable change in their properties to small changes in their environment. Responsive materials are becoming increasingly more prevalent as scientists learn about the chemistry and triggers that induce conformational changes in materials structures and devise ways to take advantage of and control them. Responsive Materials and Method offers state-of-the-art of the stimuli-responsive materials and their potential applications. This collection brings together novel methodologies and strategies adopted in the research and development of responsive materials and technology.

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials Polymeric Composites

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119224438
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 6th volume Handbook is solely focused on Polymeric Composites. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: Keratin as renewable material for developing polymer composites; natural and synthetic matrices; hydrogels in tissue engineering; smart hydrogels: application in bioethanol production; principle renewable biopolymers; application of hydrogel biocomposites for multiple drug delivery; nontoxic holographic materials; bioplasticizer - epoxidized vegetable oils-based poly (lactic acid) blends and nanocomposites; preparation, characterization and adsorption properties of poly (DMAEA) – cross-linked starch gel copolymer in waste water treatments; study of chitosan crosslinking hydrogels for absorption of antifungal drugs using molecular modelling; pharmaceutical delivery systems composed of chitosan; eco-friendly polymers for food packaging; influence of surface modification on the thermal stability and percentage of crystallinity of natural abaca fiber; influence of the use of natural fibers in composite materials assessed on a life cycle perspective; plant polysaccharides-blended ionotropically-gelled alginate multiple-unit systems for sustained drug release; vegetable oil based polymer composites; applications of chitosan derivatives in wastewater treatment; novel lignin-based materials as a products for various applications; biopolymers from renewable resources and thermoplastic starch matrix as polymer units of multi-component polymer systems for advanced applications; chitosan composites: preparation and applications in removing water pollutants and recent advancements in biopolymer composites for addressing environmental issues.

Food Materials Science and Engineering

Author: Bhesh Bhandari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118373928
Format: PDF
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Food Materials Science and Engineering covers a comprehensive range of topics in relation to food materials, their properties and characterisation techniques, thus offering a new approach to understanding food production and quality control. The opening chapter will define the scope and application of food materials science, explaining the relationship between raw material structure and processing and quality in the final product. Subsequent chapters will examine the structure of food materials and how they relate to quality, sensory perception, processing attributes and nutrient delivery. The authors also address applications of nanotechnology to food and packaging science. Methods of manufacturing food systems with improved shelf-life and quality attributes will be highlighted in the book.