Biopolymers Reuse Recycling and Disposal

Author: Michael Niaounakis
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455731544
Format: PDF, Docs
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Biopolymers Reuse, Recycling and Disposal is the first book covering all aspects of biopolymer waste management and post-usage scenarios, embracing existing technologies, applications, and the behavior of biopolymers in various waste streams. The book investigates the benefits and weaknesses, social, economic and environmental impacts, and regulatory aspects of each technology. It covers different types of recycling and degradation, as well as life cycle analysis, all supported by case studies, literature references, and detailed information about global patents. Patents in particular—comprising 80% of published technical literature in this emerging field, widely scattered, and often available in Japanese only—are a key source of information. Dr. Niaounakis draws on disciplines such as polymer science, management, biology and microbiology, organic chemistry, environmental chemistry, and patent law to produce a reference guide for engineers, scientists and other professionals involved in the development and production of biopolymers, waste management, and recycling. This information is also valuable for regulators, patent attorneys and academics working in this field. Explores techniques and technologies involved in managing biopolymers in the waste stream, including recycling and upcycling Provides waste management and recycling professionals the knowledge they need to plan for the exponential growth in biopolymer waste Helps engineers and product designers fully consider the end-of-life aspects of their environmentally sustainable 'green' products and solutions

Biopolymers Applications and Trends

Author: Michael Niaounakis
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323354335
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biopolymers: Applications and Trends provides an up-to-date summary of the varying market applications of biopolymers characterized by biodegradability and sustainability. It includes tables with the commercial names and properties of each biopolymer family, along with biopolymers for each marketing segment, not only presenting all the major market players, but also highlighting trends and new developments in products. The book includes a thorough breakdown of the vast range of application areas, including medical and pharmaceutical, packaging, construction, automotive, and many more, giving engineers critical materials information in an area which has traditionally been more limited than conventional polymers. In addition, the book uses recent patent information to convey the latest applications and techniques in the area, thus further illustrating the rapid pace of development and need for intellectual property for companies working on new and innovative products. Provides an up-to-date summary of the varying market applications of biopolymers characterized by biodegradability and sustainability Includes tables with the commercial names and properties of each biopolymer family, along with biopolymers for each marketing segment Presents a thorough breakdown of the vast range of application areas, including medical and pharmaceutical, packaging, construction, automotive, and many more Uses recent patent information to convey the latest applications and techniques in the area, thus further illustrating the rapid pace of development and need for intellectual property

Biopolymers Processing and Products

Author: Michael Niaounakis
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323279384
Format: PDF
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Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are finding new applications in various sectors, from packaging, to medical, automotive and many more. As synthetic plastics are increasingly replaced by their bioplastic equivalents, engineers are facing new challenges including processing, costs, environmental sustainability and – ultimately – developing successful products. Biopolymers: Processing and Products, the second book of a trilogy dedicated to biopolymers, gives a detailed insight into all aspects of processing, seamlessly linking the science of biopolymers to the latest trends in the development of new products. Processes covered in the book include blending, compounding, treatment, and shaping, as well as the formation of biocomposites. Biopolymer coatings and adhesives are also investigated. This book unique in its coverage contains information retrieved mainly from patents, which form the bulk of the book. The coverage of processing will help engineers and designers to improve output and efficiency of every stage of the product development process, and will form an indispensable tool in selecting the right biopolymer and processing technique for any given application, covering medical, automotive, food packaging and more. It will assist also engineers, material scientists and researchers to improve existing biopolymer processes and deliver better products at lower cost. Multi-disciplinary approach and critical presentation of all available processing techniques and new products of biopolymers Contains information not to be found in any other book Self-contained chapters

Industrial Applications of Renewable Plastics

Author: Michel Biron
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323480667
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Industrial Applications of Renewable Plastics: Environmental, Technological, and Economic Advances provides practical information to help engineers and materials scientists deploy renewable plastics in the plastics market. It explores the uses, possibilities, and problems of renewable plastics and composites to assist in material selection and rejection. The designer’s main problems are examined, along with basic reminders that deal with structures and processing methods that can help those who are generally familiar with metals understand the unique properties of plastic materials. The book offers a candid overview of main issues, including conservation of fossil resources, geopolitical considerations, greenhouse effects, competition with food crops, deforestation, pollution, and disposal of renewable plastics. In addition, an overview of some tools related to sustainability (Life cycle assessments, CO2 emissions, carbon footprint, and more) is provided. The book is an essential resource for engineers and materials scientists involved in material selection, design, manufacturing, molding, fabrication, and other links in the supply chain of plastics. The material contained is of great relevance to many major industries, including automotive and transport, packaging, aeronautics, shipbuilding, industrial and military equipment, electrical and electronics, energy, and more. Provides key, enabling information for engineers and materials scientists looking to increase the use of renewable plastic materials in their work Presents practical guidance to assist in materials selection, processing methods, and applications development, particularly for designers more familiar with other materials, such as metals Includes a candid discussion of the pros and cons of using renewable plastics, considering the technical, economic, legal, and environmental aspects

Designing Successful Products with Plastics

Author: Mark T. MacLean-Blevins
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323446485
Format: PDF
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Designing Successful Products with Plastics: Fundamentals of Plastic Part Design provides expert insight into design considerations required to bring a concept product or part through design and ready-for-production. The book shows how integrating four key choices—materials, processes, tooling and design—in every design decision allows the designer to fully vet and optimize the design. Rather than focusing on design rules and engineering equations used during product development, the emphasis of the book is on what the designer needs to consider during the early conceptual visualization stages, and in the detailed stages of the design process. This approach will bridge the gap between the industrial designer, tasked with the ‘big picture’ product design and use, and the part designer, tasked with the detailed plastic part design for manufacture. Useful to both experienced and novice designers, this book brings valuable design process information through specific examples, enabling designers and engineers in the plastics industry to effectively use the available technical information to successfully design and manufacture new products. Bridges the gap between the industrial designer working on product design and use, and the part designer working on detailed part design for manufacture Enables designers to establish a solid foundation for new product development on the ‘four pillars’ of the process: materials, processes, tooling, and design Provides a hierarchy and roadmap through creative product design and implementation, so engineers can translate a product from creative concept through to realization and commercialization

Technikgestaltung zwischen Wunsch und Wirklichkeit

Author: Armin Grunwald
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642554733
Format: PDF, Docs
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Es ist eine bekannte Streitfrage, ob wir der Eigendynamik der Technik blind ausgeliefert sind, oder ob wir Technik zielgerichtet und nach gesellschaftlichen Werten aktiv und bewusst gestalten können. Im Buch Technikgestaltung zwischen Wunsch und Wirklichkeit wird diese Frage aus den Perspektiven verschiedener wissenschaftlicher Disziplinen behandelt. Das Spektrum aus Philosophie, Sozialwissenschaft, Technikgeschichte und den Ingenieurwissenschaften erlaubt neue Sichtweisen auf die Frage der Gestaltbarkeit von Technik. Ergebnis des Buches ist ein besseres Verständnis, was Technikgestaltung bedeuten kann, wie dies in der Praxis funktioniert, ob und wie gesellschaftliche Technikgestaltung erfolgen kann und ob, auf welche Weise und unter welchen Bedingungen eine Technikgestaltung für mehr Nachhaltigkeit möglich ist.

Einfach intelligent produzieren

Author: Michael Braungart
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783833301834
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Autos aus Autos? Schuhe als Düngemittel für unsere Balkonblumen? Zukünftig gibt es nur noch zwei Arten von Produkten: Verbrauchsgüter, die vollständig biologisch abgebaut werden können, und Gebrauchsgüter, die sich endlos recyclen lassen. Die Devise lautet: Nicht weniger müssen wir produzieren, sondern verschwenderisch und in technischen und biologischen Kreisläufen. Eine ökologisch-industrielle Revolution steht uns bevor, mit der Natur als Vorbild. Und was die beiden Fachleute in anschaulicher Weise darbieten, ist keineswegs nur graue Theorie, sondern das Ergebnis eigener praktischer Erfahrungen: Michael Braungart und William McDonough erproben seit Jahren mit Firmen wie Ford, Nike, Unilever und BP erfolgreich die Realisierbarkeit ihrer Ideen." -- Herausgeber.

Die Welt ohne uns

Author: Alan Weisman
Publisher: Piper Verlag
ISBN: 3492959938
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Was wäre, wenn wir Menschen von einem Tag auf den anderen verschwinden würden? Zum Beispiel morgen. Ein ungeheures Gedankenexperiment! Alan Weisman entwirft das Szenario einer unbevölkerten Erde – gestützt auf das Wissen von Biologen, Geologen, Physikern, Architekten und Ingenieuren und mit atemberaubender Phantasie. Schritt für Schritt vollzieht Weisman nach, wie die Natur unseren Planeten zurückerobert, und führt dem Leser dabei zweierlei vor Augen: was der Mensch in Jahrtausenden zu schaffen vermochte und über welch unerhörte Macht die Natur verfügt.

Green Composites

Author: Caroline Baillie
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845690397
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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There is an increasing movement of scientists and engineers who are dedicated to minimising the environmental impact of polymer composite production. Life cycle assessment is of paramount importance at every stage of a product’s life, from initial synthesis through to final disposal and a sustainable society needs environmentally safe materials and processing methods. With an internationally recognised team of contributors, Green Composites examines fibre reinforced polymer composite production and explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life cycle. The introductory chapters look at why we should consider green composites, their design and life cycle assessment. The properties of natural fibre sources such as cellulose and wood are then discussed. Chapter 6 examines recyclable synthetic fibre-thermoplastic composites as an alternative solution and polymers derived from natural sources are covered in Chapter 7. The factors that influence the properties of these natural composites and natural fibre thermoplastic composites are detailed in Chapters 8 and 9. The final four chapters consider clean processing, applications, recycling, degradation and reprocessing. Green composites is an essential guide for agricultural crop producers, government agricultural departments, automotive companies, composite producers and material scientists all dedicated to the promotion and practice of eco-friendly materials and production methods. Reviews fibre reinforced polymer composite production Explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life-cycle

Der gleichl ufige Doppelschneckenextruder

Author: Klemens Kohlgrüber
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446452354
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Alles zum gleichläufigen Doppelschneckenextruder Bei der Herstellung von Kunststoffen, insbesondere bei der Aufbereitung und Verarbeitung bis zum Fertigprodukt werden Extruder eingesetzt, wobei der gleichläufige Doppelschneckenextruder eine dominante Rolle spielt. Aber auch in anderen Industriezweigen, z. B. der Kautschuk- und Lebensmittelindustrie und zunehmend in der Pharmaindustrie kommen die Gleichdrallschnecken vielfältig zum Einsatz. Eine multifunktionale Maschine Das Fachbuch gibt umfassenden Einblick in die verfahrens- und maschinentechnischen Grundlagen und legt großen Fokus auf Praxisbeispiele. Meist sind die Schnecken modular aufgebaut und können damit sehr flexibel an veränderte Aufgabenstellung und Produkteigenschaften angepasst werden. Für die optimale Auslegung eines Doppelschneckenextruders sind vertiefte Kenntnisse über die Maschine und den Prozess erforderlich. Ein Praxisbuch für Einsteiger und Profis Die zweite Auflage entstand unter Mitwirkung vieler Fachautoren von renommierten Firmen und Hochschulen. Alle inzwischen erfolgten Weiterentwicklungen wurden berücksichtigt. Die zweite Auflage wurde durchgehend neu bearbeitet, ist deutlich erweitert, komplett in Farbe und in neuem Layout. Mit Zusatzmaterial auf der Website des Herausgebers: Videos, Bilder, Beispiel-Aufgaben, Rechentools EXTRA: E-Book inside