Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels Chemicals and Polymers

Author: Shang-Tian Yang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118641949
Format: PDF, Docs
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For researchers already familiar with biomass conversion technologies and for professionals in other fields, such as agriculture, food, and chemical industries, here is a comprehensive review of the emerging biorefinery industry. The book's content has been conveniently organized according to technologies (biomass feedstock and pretreatment, hydrolytic enzymes in biorefinery, and biofuels), with each chapter highlighting an important biobased industrial product. For undergraduate and graduate students, the book is a thorough introduction to biorefinery technologies.

Technology and Applications of Polymers Derived from Biomass

Author: Syed Ali Ashter
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323511163
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Technology and Applications of Polymers Derived from Biomass explores the range of different possible routes from biomass to polymeric materials, including the value and limitations of using biomass in material applications and a comparison of petrochemical-derived polymers and bio-based polymers. The book discusses biomass sources, types, chemistry and handling concerns. It covers the manufacture of industrial chemicals from biomass and the derivation of monomers and polymers from biomass. It also details the processing and applications of biomass-derived polymers to enable materials scientists and engineers realize the potential of biomass as a sustainable source of polymers, including plastics and elastomers. The book is a one-stop-shop reference—giving students a basic understanding of the technology and how the material can be applied to industrial processes they will face in the workforce, and giving materials engineers and product designers the information they need to make more informed material selection decisions. Provides fundamental understanding of an increasingly important approach to sourcing polymeric materials Includes actionable, relevant information to enable materials engineers and product designers consider biomass-derived polymers in the products they are developing Discusses the environmental impact of biomass conversion to help readers improve the sustainability of their operations Compares petrochemical-derived polymers with bio-based polymers

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery

Author: S.I. Mussatto
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128025611
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock-based Biorefinery reviews the extensive research and tremendous scientific and technological developments that have occurred in the area of biorefinering, including industrial processes and product development using ‘green technologies’, often referred as white biotechnology. As there is a huge need for new design concepts for modern biorefineries as an alternative and amendment to industrial crude oil and gas refineries, this book presents the most important topics related to biomass fractionation, including advances, challenges, and perspectives, all with references to current literature for further study. Presented in 26 chapters by international field specialists, each chapter consists of review text that comprises the most recent advances, challenges, and perspectives for each fractionation technique. The book is an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Reviews numerous valuable products from lignocellulose Discusses integration of processes for complete biomass conversion with minimum waste generation Identifies the research gaps in scale-up Presents an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation

Biogas

Author: Meisam Tabatabaei
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319773356
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book presents the state of the art in biogas production using anaerobic digestion technology, with an emphasis on waste utilization/valorization. Offering a comprehensive reference guide to biogas production from different waste streams, it covers various aspects of anaerobic digestion technology from the basics, i.e., microbiological aspects to prominent parameters governing biogas production systems, as well as major principles of their operation, analysis, process control, and troubleshooting. Written and edited by internationally recognized experts in the field of biogas production from both academia and industry, it provides in-depth and cutting-edge information on central developments in the field. In addition, it discusses and reviews major issues affecting biogas production, including the type of feedstock, pretreatment techniques, production systems, design and fabrication of biogas plants, as well as biogas purification and upgrading technologies. ‘Biogas: Fundamentals, Process, and Operation’ also addresses the application of advanced environmental and energy evaluation tools including life cycle assessment (LCA), exergy, techno-economics, and modeling techniques. This book is intended for all researchers, practitioners and students who are interested in the current trends and future prospects of biogas production technologies.

Biomass and Biofuels

Author: Shibu Jose
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466595329
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The long-held tenets of the energy sector are being rewritten in the twenty-first century. The rise of unconventional oil and gas and of renewables is transforming our economies and improving our understanding of the distribution of the world’s energy resources and their impacts. A complete knowledge of the dynamics underpinning energy markets is necessary for decision-makers reconciling economic, energy, and environmental objectives. Those that anticipate global energy developments successfully can derive an advantage, while those that fail to do so risk making poor policy and investment decisions. Focused on solving the key challenges impeding the realization of advanced cellulosic biofuels and bioproducts in rural areas, Biomass and Biofuels: Advanced Biorefineries for Sustainable Production and Distribution provides comprehensive information on sustainable production of biomass feedstock, supply chain management of feedstocks to the biorefinery site, advanced conversion processes, and catalysts/biocatalysts for production of fuels and chemicals using conventional and integrated technologies. The book also presents detailed coverage of downstream processing, and ecological considerations for refineries processing lignocellulosic and algal biomass resources. Discussions of feedstock raw materials, methods for biomass conversion, and its effective integration to make biorefinery more sustainable – economically, environmentally, and socially – give you the tools to make informed decisions.

Biokatalysatoren und Enzymtechnologie

Author: Klaus Buchholz
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9783527282388
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dieses Buch vermittelt anschaulich und verständlich die Grundlagen der Enzymtechnologie. Der industrielle Einsatz von Enzymen gewinnt stetig an Bedeutung: in der Lebensmittelherstellung, bei der Synthese pharmazeutischer Wirkstoffe, bei der Nutzung in Waschmitteln, in der Analytik sowie in der Umwelttechnik. In didaktisch geeigneter Weise wird mit Hilfe von zahlreichen Anwendungsbeispielen die Verwendung von Enzymen als Biokatalysatoren für umweltverträgliche Stoffumwandlungen in der biotechnischen, Lebensmittel- und chemischen Industrie, im Umweltschutz und für analytische und diagnostische Zwecke erklärt. Die Themen im einzelnen: Einführung, Enzyme als Biokatalysatoren, Enzymproduktion und Aufarbeitung, Anwendung gelöster Enzyme, Immobilisierung von Enzymen, Immobilisierung von Mikroorganismen und Zellen, Charakterisierung immobilisierter Biokatalysatoren, Reaktoren und Prozeßtechnik, Analytische Anwendung von Enzymen.

Immobilisierte Biokatalysatoren

Author: Winfried Hartmeier
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662078627
Format: PDF, Docs
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Obwohl oder gerade weil eine kaum mehr überschaubare Zahl von Publi kationen auf dem Gebiet der Immobilisierung von Biokatalysatoren existiert, ist es für den Anfänger, der einen Einstieg sucht, auf diesem Gebiet oft schwer, geeignete Informationen aus der Flut von Originalarbeiten herauszufinden. Einige gute, fast immer aber eng lischsprachige Monographien sind entweder außerordentlich umfang reich und teuer, oder sie behandeln nur ausgewählte Teilaspekte der Immobilisierung. Dem will die vorliegende Einführung abhelfen. Sie soll dem Leser zu einem raschen Überblick verhelfen und ihm den inzwischen abgesicherten Kenntnisstand nach Art eines kurzen Lehr buches vermitteln. Das Buch ist aus Erfahrungen in Vorlesungen, Praktika und Kursen entstanden. Es soll sich maßgeblich an Lernende wenden, auch wenn "Immobilisierte Biokatalysatoren" bisher noch nicht zum Stan dardrepertoire der Lehre an deutschen Universitäten und Fachhoch schulen gehören. Es ist jedoch die Oberzeugung des Autors, daß sich dies in den kommenden Jahren mit der wachsenden Bedeutung dieses Gebietes und mit der allgemeinen Etablierung der Biotechnologie an den Hochschulen ändern wird. Ober den Kreis der Studenten und Dozen ten hinaus wendet sich die Einführung aber auch an die vielen Natur wissenschaftler und Techniker der industriellen Praxis, die sich mit immobilisierten Biokatalysatoren befassen und sich dazu ein ent sprechendes Grundwissen aneignen wollen.

Die Welt ohne uns

Author: Alan Weisman
Publisher: Piper Verlag
ISBN: 3492959938
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Was wäre, wenn wir Menschen von einem Tag auf den anderen verschwinden würden? Zum Beispiel morgen. Ein ungeheures Gedankenexperiment! Alan Weisman entwirft das Szenario einer unbevölkerten Erde – gestützt auf das Wissen von Biologen, Geologen, Physikern, Architekten und Ingenieuren und mit atemberaubender Phantasie. Schritt für Schritt vollzieht Weisman nach, wie die Natur unseren Planeten zurückerobert, und führt dem Leser dabei zweierlei vor Augen: was der Mensch in Jahrtausenden zu schaffen vermochte und über welch unerhörte Macht die Natur verfügt.

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology

Author: Ashok Pandey
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444634649
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies needed for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular, the development of low-cost technologies. During the last 3-4 years, there have been scientific and technological developments in the area; this book represents the most updated information and technological perspective on the topic. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Provides information on integration of processes for the pretreatment of biomass Designed as a textbook for both graduate students and researchers

Sustainable Biotechnology enzymatic Resources of Renewable Energy

Author: Om V. Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319954806
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Nature offers abundant renewable resources that can be used to partially replace fossil fuels and commodity chemicals but issues of cost, technology readiness levels, and compatibility with existing distribution networks remain huge challenges. Cellulosic ethanol and biodiesel are the most immediately obvious target fuels, with hydrogen, methane and butanol as other potentially viable products. This book continues to bridge the technology gap and focus on critical aspects of lignocellulosic biomolecules and the respective mechanisms regulating their bioconversion to liquid fuels into energy and value-added products of industrial significance. This book is a collection of reviews elucidating several broad-ranging areas of progress and challenges in the utilization of sustainable resources of renewable energy, especially in biofuels. This book comes just at a time when government and industries are accelerating their efforts in the exploration of alternative energy resources, with expectations of the establishment of long-term sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based liquid fuels. Apart from liquid fuel this book also emphasizes the use of sustainable resources for value-added products, which may help in revitalizing the biotechnology industry at a broader scale. This book also provides a comprehensive review of basic literature and advance research methodologies to graduate students studying environmental microbiology, chemical engineering, bio-economy and microbial biotechnology."--