South American and Antarctic Continental Cenozoic Birds

Author: Claudia P. Tambussi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400754671
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Modern birds (Neornithes) are represented by two big lineages, the Palaeognathae (Tinamiformes + Ratitae) and the Neognathae [Galloanserae + Neoaves (Metaves + Coronoaves)]. Both clades sum approximately 10,000 species of which 60% are Passeriformes (the most diverse clade of terrestrial vertebrates). A comparison between the past and the present reveals a complex and hallmarked evolutionary and biogeographic history which would have begun over 65 million years ago. For South America (SA) this includes: (1) the presence of taxa with uncertain affinities and the absence of Passeriformes during the Paleogene; (2) a progressive and accelerated increase of the species starting at the Neogene (Miocene); (3) important extinct lineages (e.g. Phorusrhacidae, Teratornithidae) that migrate to North America after the rising of the Panamá isthmus; (4) groups with major diversification in the Neogene that survives nowadays represented by scarce species endemic of SA (Cariamidae) or that inhabits mainly in the southern hemisphere (Anhingidae); (5) very diverse living groups with scarce (e.g., Passeriformes) or none (e.g., Apodiformes) fossil record in SA, which stem-groups are registered in Europe. Apparently, the changes in diversity of the south American Neornithes have been the result of successive radiation, biogeographic connections with North America and in a minor scale, some extinctions. The opening of the Drake ́s passage and the occurrence of the circumpolar Antarctic flow are not sufficient causes to explain the highly disparity between the weddelians penguins (Sphenisciformes) of Antartica and those of the patagonian Atlantic Ocean.

Birds of South America

Author: Jorge Rodríguez Mata
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780691126883
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Birds of South America Non-Passerines: Rheas to Woodpeckers features: first guide to nearly 1,300 species of non-passerines in South America; easy-to-use format; complements volumes on passerine birds; contains key identification features; more than 150 color illustrations; and 1,270+ maps."--BOOK JACKET.

Magellanic Sub Antarctic Ornithology

Author: Ricardo Rozzi
Publisher: University of North Texas Press
ISBN: 157441531X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The first synthesis of current knowledge of forest and wetland birds in the world’s southernmost forests, this book contains both original work by Rozzi and Jiménez and the results of a decade of research conducted by the scientists associated with the Omora Park. The first part is a guide to the forest bird populations and habitats in the Reserve, and a summary of the data recorded for the bird species captured with mist-nets and banded. The information is given in two pages for each species, with English, Spanish, and scientific names, as well as a full-color photo, distribution maps, a table with original morphological information, a figure indicating abundance rates, and a brief description of the species’ main features. The second part is a selection of twenty-two published articles on ornithological research at Omora Park during its first decade of studies, from 2000 to 2010. Eleven of the twenty-two articles were originally published in Spanish and are here translated and available to a larger readership. The reprinting of these articles in one place provides interested scientists, students, and wildlife managers a unique and convenient resource. “This book has two important sources of information: original morphological data and the compilation of all publications about the birds in the southern extreme of South America. I think the book will have great significance.”—Victor R. Cueto, professor of natural sciences, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina “A wonderfully rich and in-depth contribution to Sub-Antarctic Ornithology.”—Julie Hagelin, senior research scientist, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

National Geographic Angry Birds Space

Author: Amy Briggs
Publisher: National Geographic Society
ISBN: 1426213573
Format: PDF
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It's one small step for birds, one giant leap for birdkind... Blast off with the Angry Birds as they fly through space on an intergalactic rescue mission! Evil space piggies have stolen their eggs and are hiding them somewhere in outer space. To save them, the Angry Birds have teamed up with National Geographic to learn all they can about planets, moons, stars, galaxies, and the mysteries of the universe. Four chapters take the readers deeper and deeper into space—each one packed with Angry Birds, astounding space photography, and fascinating "Astrofacts" and "Space Data" features that surprise and enthrall. Join the birds as they observe robots on Mars, take a spin with the Jupiter's Great Red Spot, visit where stars are born in galaxies far, far away, and look for life on strange new worlds. This official companion book to the Angry Birds Space game shows the furious fliers everything they'll need to know on their quest to explore the galaxy and rescue their precious eggs. The book is organized into four levels, each one taking the reader and the birds farther and farther into space: Level One. "You Are Here: What's Out There?" Level Two. "Short Flights: The Inner Solar System" Level Three. "Longer Journey: The Outer Solar System" Level Four. "Flying Farther: Deep Space"