Blacked Out

Author: Alasdair Roberts
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139448925
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Nearly forty years ago the US Congress passed the landmark Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) giving the public the right to government documents. This 'right to know' has been used over the past decades to challenge overreaching Presidents and secretive government agencies. The example of transparency in government has served as an example to nations around the world spawning similar statutes in fifty-nine countries. This 2006 book examines the evolution of the move toward openness in government. It looks at how technology has aided the disclosure and dissemination of information. The author tackles the question of whether the drive for transparency has stemmed the desire for government secrecy and discusses how many governments ignore or frustrate the legal requirements for the release of key documents. Blacked Out is an important contribution during a time where profound changes in the structure of government are changing access to government documents.

Government Secrecy

Author: Susan Maret
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0857243896
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Divided into six sections, this title examines Government secrecy (GS) in a variety of contexts, including comparative examination of government control of information, new definitions, categories, censorship, ethics, and secrecy's relationship with freedom of information and transparency.

Soziologie als M glichkeit

Author: Cécile Rol
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531914375
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Georg Simmels "Soziologie" (1908) hat auf die Begrifflichkeit und auf die Methoden des Faches in Deutschland sowie im Ausland tief gewirkt. In diesem Buch, das Simmel fünfzehn Jahre Arbeit abverlangt hat, verbindet sich in der Analyse des Gegenstandes die Konstruktion des soziologischen Blicks mit dessen praktischer Anwendung. Was aber bleibt 100 Jahre später von der "Soziologie"? Wie wird sie von den unterschiedlichen Spezialisten der Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften wahrgenommen? Diese Fragen haben die Herausgeber Geistes- und Gesellschaftswissenschaftlern in unterschiedlichen Ländern gestellt, um zu erfahren, wie sie Simmels "Soziologie" in ihre Arbeit und ihre tägliche Forschungspraxis einbeziehen. Wegen ihrer Konstruktion und ihrer thematischen Vielfalt erweist sich die Soziologie oft als unvollendetes Werk. Die Autoren in diesem Band tragen dieser Unabgeschlossenheit Rechnung, indem auch sie dem Leser keine fertigen Analysen und Konstruktionen, sondern Einblicke in laufende Arbeiten auf verschiedenen Ebenen des gesellschaftlichen Lebens bieten. Damit zeigen sie, wie fruchtbar die "Soziologie" für die zeitgenössischen Untersuchungen der Kultur und der Gesellschaft bleibt, und bieten gleichzeitig eine Einführung in die großen Themen der Disziplin an.

Investigating Operational Incidents in a Military Context

Author: David W. Lovell
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004277102
Format: PDF
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The need for robust investigations into military operational incidents is critical to the proper functioning of militaries and to international justice. Investigating Operational Incidents explores the many challenges surrounding such investigations, the emerging international law, and its likely evolution.

Delete

Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783940432902
Format: PDF, Kindle
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GOOGLE VERGISST NIE! Weshalb es lebenswichtig ist zu vergessen Das digitale Zeitalter ist eines der perfekten Erinnerung: niemals zuvor haben wir so viele Informationen sammeln können wie heute. Immer größer und billiger werdende Speichermedien, neue Methoden zur Erschließung von Informationen und der Zugriff auf Daten aus aller Welt über das Netz machen dies möglich. Welche Folgen hat diese Entwicklung? Wird nur noch das als wahr gelten, was die Form digitaler Daten annimmt? Oder werden wir für das, was dauert, für Verträge und sprachliche Kunstwerke, beim Papier bleiben? Ist das Vergessen nicht ein exzellenter, evolutionär bewährter Mechanismus zur Gewichtung von Informationen? Beeinträchtigt das permanente Erinnern nicht unser Urteils- und Entscheidungsvermögen und damit unsere Entwicklungsfähigkeit? Sind aus ihrem Kontext gerissene Informationen nicht anfällig für Manipulationen? Mayer-Schönberger öffnet uns die Augen für die Gefahren der ewigen digitalen Erinnerung und zeigt die wichtige Rolle auf, die das Vergessen in unserer Geschichte gespielt hat. Er plädiert für eine genial einfache Lösung: Dateien aller Art mit einem Verfallsdatum auszustatten, damit das Gedächtnis der Menschheit nicht unter der Datenflut zusammenbricht.

Inside WikiLeaks

Author: Daniel Domscheit-Berg
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843700621
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Daniel Domscheit-Berg war Sprecher von WikiLeaks und neben Julian Assange das einzig bekannte Gesicht der Enthüllungsplattform. In seinem Insider-Report gewährt er tiefe Einblicke in diese verschwiegene Organisation, die weltweit den Mächtigen das Fürchten lehrte. Er erzählt die Geschichte von WikiLeaks, wie sie noch keiner gehört hat.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability

Author: Mark Bovens
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191002577
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the past two decades public accountability has become not only an icon in political, managerial, and administrative discourse but also the object of much scholarly analysis across a broad range of social and administrative sciences. This handbook provides a state of the art overview of recent scholarship on public accountability. It collects, consolidates, and integrates an upsurge of inquiry currently scattered across many disciplines and subdisciplines. It provides a one-stop-shop on the subject, not only for academics who study accountability, but also for practitioners who are designing, adjusting, or struggling with mechanisms for accountable governance. Drawing on the best scholars in the field from around the world, The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability showcases conceptual and normative as well as the empirical approaches in public accountability studies. In addition to giving an overview of scholarly research in a variety of disciplines, it takes stock of a wide range of accountability mechanisms and practices across the public, private and non-profit sectors, making this volume a must-have for both practitioners and scholars, both established and new to the field.

The Long Decade

Author: David Jenkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199368341
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The terrorist attacks of 9/11 precipitated significant legal changes over the ensuing ten years, a "long decade" that saw both domestic and international legal systems evolve in reaction to the seemingly permanent threat of international terrorism. At the same time, globalization produced worldwide insecurity that weakened the nation-state's ability to monopolize violence and assure safety for its people. The Long Decade: How 9/11 Changed the Law contains contributions by international legal scholars who critically reflect on how the terrorist attacks of 9/11 precipitated these legal changes. This book examines how the uncertainties of the "long decade" made fear a political and legal force, challenged national constitutional orders, altered fundamental assumptions about the rule of law, and ultimately raised questions about how democracy and human rights can cope with competing security pressures, while considering the complex process of crafting anti-terrorism measures.

The Right to Know

Author: Ann Florini
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231512074
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Right to Know is a timely and compelling consideration of a vital question: What information should governments and other powerful organizations disclose? Excessive secrecy corrodes democracy, facilitates corruption, and undermines good public policymaking, but keeping a lid on military strategies, personal data, and trade secrets is crucial to the protection of the public interest. Over the past several years, transparency has swept the world. India and South Africa have adopted groundbreaking national freedom of information laws. China is on the verge of promulgating new openness regulations that build on the successful experiments of such major municipalities as Shanghai. From Asia to Africa to Europe to Latin America, countries are struggling to overcome entrenched secrecy and establish effective disclosure policies. More than seventy now have or are developing major disclosure policies or laws. But most of the world's nearly 200 nations do not have coherent disclosure laws; implementation of existing rules often proves difficult; and there is no consensus about what disclosure standards should apply to the increasingly powerful private sector. As governments and corporations battle with citizens and one another over the growing demand to submit their secrets to public scrutiny, they need new insights into whether, how, and when greater openness can serve the public interest, and how to bring about beneficial forms of greater disclosure. The Right to Know distills the lessons of many nations' often bitter experience and provides careful analysis of transparency's impact on governance, business regulation, environmental protection, and national security. Its powerful lessons make it a critical companion for policymakers, executives, and activists, as well as students and scholars seeking a better understanding of how to make information policy serve the public interest.