Bombay Lectures on Highest Weight Representations of Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras

Author: Victor G Kac
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981452221X
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The first edition of this book is a collection of a series of lectures given by Professor Victor Kac at the TIFR, Mumbai, India in December 1985 and January 1986. These lectures focus on the idea of a highest weight representation, which goes through four different incarnations. The first is the canonical commutation relations of the infinite dimensional Heisenberg Algebra (= oscillator algebra). The second is the highest weight representations of the Lie algebra gℓ∞ of infinite matrices, along with their applications to the theory of soliton equations, discovered by Sato and Date, Jimbo, Kashiwara and Miwa. The third is the unitary highest weight representations of the current (= affine Kac–Moody) algebras. These Lie algebras appear in the lectures in connection to the Sugawara construction, which is the main tool in the study of the fourth incarnation of the main idea, the theory of the highest weight representations of the Virasoro algebra. In particular, the book provides a complete proof of the Kac determinant formula, the key result in representation theory of the Virasoro algebra. The second edition of this book incorporates, as its first part, the largely unchanged text of the first edition, while its second part is the collection of lectures on vertex algebras, delivered by Professor Kac at the TIFR in January 2003. The basic idea of these lectures was to demonstrate how the key notions of the theory of vertex algebras — such as quantum fields, their normal ordered product and lambda-bracket, energy-momentum field and conformal weight, untwisted and twisted representations — simplify and clarify the constructions of the first edition of the book. This book should be very useful for both mathematicians and physicists. To mathematicians, it illustrates the interaction of the key ideas of the representation theory of infinite dimensional Lie algebras and of the theory of vertex algebras; and to physicists, these theories are turning into an important component of such domains of theoretical physics as soliton theory, conformal field theory, the theory of two-dimensional statistical models, and string theory. Contents:Definition of Positive-Energy Representations of VirComplete Reducibility of the Oscillator Representations of VirLie Algebras of Infinite MatricesBoson–Fermion CorrespondenceSchur PolynomialsN-Soliton SolutionsThe Kac Determinant FormulaNonabelian Generalization of Virasoro Operators: The Sugawara ConstructionThe Weyl–Kac Character Formula and Jacobi–Riemann Theta FunctionsCompletion of the Proof of the Kac Determinant FormulaLambda–Bracket of Local Formal DistributionsCompletion of U, Restricted Representations and Quantum FieldsNon-Commutative Wick FormulaConformal WeightsDefinition of a Vertex AlgebraDefinition of a Representation of a Vertex Algebraand other lectures Readership: Mathematicians studying representation theory and theoretical physicists. Keywords:Highest Weight Representations;Virasoro Algebra;Heisenberg Algebra;Infinite-Dimensional Lie Algebras;Boson–Fermion Correspondence;Sugawara Construction;Kac Determinant Formula;Vertex Operators;The KP Hierarchy;N-Solitons;Hirota's Bilinear Equations;Vertex Algebras;Quantum Fields;Energy-Momentum Field;Lambda-Bracket;Normal Ordered Product;Conformal Weight;Twisted Representations;Zhu Algebra;Charged Free Fermions;Neutral Free Fermions;Borcherds Identity;Twisted RepresentationsKey Features:The first part of the lectures demonstrates four related constructions of highest weight representations of infinite-dimensional algebras: Heisenberg algebra, Lie algebra $gl_\infty$, affine Kac–Moody algebras and the Virasoro algebra. The constructions originate from theoretical physics and are explained in full detailThe complete proof of the Kac determinant formula is providedThe second part of the lectures demonstrates how the notions of the theory of vertex algebras clarify and simplify the constructions of the first partThe introductory exposition is self-containedMany examples providedCan be used for graduate courses

Bombay Lectures on Highest Weight Representations of Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras

Author: Victor G. Kac
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789971503963
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This book is a collection of a series of lectures given by Prof. V Kac at Tata Institute, India in Dec '85 and Jan '86. These lectures focus on the idea of a highest weight representation, which goes through four different incarnations.The first is the canonical commutation relations of the infinite-dimensional Heisenberg Algebra (= oscillator algebra). The second is the highest weight representations of the Lie algebra glì of infinite matrices, along with their applications to the theory of soliton equations, discovered by Sato and Date, Jimbo, Kashiwara and Miwa. The third is the unitary highest weight representations of the current (= affine Kac-Moody) algebras. These algebras appear in the lectures twice, in the reduction theory of soliton equations (KP ? KdV) and in the Sugawara construction as the main tool in the study of the fourth incarnation of the main idea, the theory of the highest weight representations of the Virasoro algebra.This book should be very useful for both mathematicians and physicists. To mathematicians, it illustrates the interaction of the key ideas of the representation theory of infinite-dimensional Lie algebras; and to physicists, this theory is turning into an important component of such domains of theoretical physics as soliton theory, theory of two-dimensional statistical models, and string theory.

Kac Moody Lie Algebras and Related Topics

Author: Neelacanta Sthanumoorthy
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821833375
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This volume is the proceedings of the Ramanujan International Symposium on Kac-Moody Lie algebras and their applications. The symposium provided researchers in mathematics and physics with the opportunity to discuss new developments in this rapidly-growing area of research. The book contains several excellent articles with new and significant results. It is suitable for graduate students and researchers working in Kac-Moody Lie algebras, their applications, and related areas of research.

Vertex Algebras for Beginners

Author: Victor G. Kac
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 082181396X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This is a revised and expanded edition of Kac's original introduction to algebraic aspects of conformal field theory, which was published by the AMS in 1996. The volume serves as an introduction to algebraic aspects of conformal field theory, which in the past 15 years revealed a variety of unusual mathematical notions. Vertex algebra theory provides an effective tool to study them in a unified way. In the book, a mathematician encounters new algebraic structures that originated from Einstein's special relativity postulate and Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. A physicist will find familiar notions presented in a more rigorous and systematic way, possibly leading to a better understanding of foundations of quantum physics. This revised edition is based on courses given by the author at MIT and at Rome University in spring 1997. New material is added, including the foundations of a rapidly growing area of algebraic conformal theory. Also, in some places the exposition has been significantly simplified.

An Introduction to the Mathematical Structure of Quantum Mechanics

Author: F. Strocchi
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812835229
Format: PDF
Download Now
Arising out of the need for Quantum Mechanics (QM) to be part of the common education of mathematics students, this book formulates the mathematical structure of QM in terms of the C*-algebra of observables, which is argued on the basis of the operational definition of measurements and the duality between states and observables.

Mechanics and Mathematics of Crystals

Author: Millard F Beatty
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814480622
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
' This book is a unique and comprehensive collection of pioneering contributions to the mechanics of crystals by J L Ericksen, a prominent and leading contributor to the study of the mechanics and mathematics of crystalline solids over the past 35 years. It presents a splendid corpus of research papers that cover areas on crystal symmetry, constitutive equations, defects and phase transitions — all topics of current importance to a broad group of workers in the field. The volume thus provides in one place material that is frequently referenced by numerous researchers on crystals across a spectrum of activities in areas of continuum mechanics, applied mathematics, engineering and materials science. Each group of papers or chapters in the book is preceded by a summary introduction that describes how the papers on that topic fit together, and in which Ericksen sketches the context of each paper and shares with the reader his thinking and insightfulness in writing it. The volume, edited by internationally renowned scholars whose works in finite elasticity and continuum mechanics have appeared in a variety of books and prestigious journals published over the past four decades, also includes a very interesting brief autobiography by Ericksen. In it he describes his early life in Oregon, his wartime experiences, his student days and postgraduate study, his introduction to scientific work, and what motivated him in his research. An English translation and revision of the first paper in this volume, originally published in Russian, appears here for the first time. Contents:Crystal SymmetryConstitutive TheoryDefectsPhase Transitions Readership: University researchers working in continuum mechanics, applied mathematics, engineering, and materials science in relation to the mechanics and physical behavior of crystals; graduate students studying microstructure, defects, phase transitions and other physical phenomena of crystalline solids; postgraduates and advanced level graduates. Keywords:Crystals;Crystalline Solids;Crystal Symmetry and Groups;Constitutive Equations;Defects;Dislocations;Twinning;Phase Transitions;Growth and Rotation Twins;Nonlinear Elasticity;Thermoelastic Behavior;Bifurcation Theory;X-Ray Theory;Bravais Lattices;Martensitic TransformationsKey Features:A comprehensive collection of pioneering contributions on crystal physics by J L EricksenEach of the four chapters is preceded by a summary introduction describing the group of papers and their connection with each otherA handy research tool for experts and their graduate students engaged in work on crystals in areas of mechanics, applied mathematics and materials scienceA translated version of a Russian article and a fascinating autobiography by Ericksen are unique additions to the bookReviews:“This volume renders a tremendous service to our community as some of the papers of this original author are difficult to obtain. Also, it is always a formidable circumstance to have much of the material handy in a beautifully materially produced volume still at a reasonable price, so that individuals, and not only libraries, may get a copy.”Zentralblatt MATH '

The Geometry of Infinite Dimensional Groups

Author: Boris Khesin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540772634
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This monograph gives an overview of various classes of infinite-dimensional Lie groups and their applications in Hamiltonian mechanics, fluid dynamics, integrable systems, gauge theory, and complex geometry. The text includes many exercises and open questions.