Border Citizens

Author: Eric V. Meeks
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292778457
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Borders cut through not just places but also relationships, politics, economics, and cultures. Eric V. Meeks examines how ethno-racial categories and identities such as Indian, Mexican, and Anglo crystallized in Arizona's borderlands between 1880 and 1980. South-central Arizona is home to many ethnic groups, including Mexican Americans, Mexican immigrants, and semi-Hispanicized indigenous groups such as Yaquis and Tohono O'odham. Kinship and cultural ties between these diverse groups were altered and ethnic boundaries were deepened by the influx of Euro-Americans, the development of an industrial economy, and incorporation into the U.S. nation-state. Old ethnic and interethnic ties changed and became more difficult to sustain when Euro-Americans arrived in the region and imposed ideologies and government policies that constructed starker racial boundaries. As Arizona began to take its place in the national economy of the United States, primarily through mining and industrial agriculture, ethnic Mexican and Native American communities struggled to define their own identities. They sometimes stressed their status as the region's original inhabitants, sometimes as workers, sometimes as U.S. citizens, and sometimes as members of their own separate nations. In the process, they often challenged the racial order imposed on them by the dominant class. Appealing to broad audiences, this book links the construction of racial categories and ethnic identities to the larger process of nation-state building along the U.S.-Mexico border, and illustrates how ethnicity can both bring people together and drive them apart.

Border Spaces

Author: Katherine G. Morrissey
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816537232
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Grounded in the borderlands and prompted by art, this book considers the connections between art, land, and people in a fraught binational region--Provided by publisher.

At the Border of Empires

Author: Andrae M. Marak
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816521158
Format: PDF, Docs
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Beginning in the 1880s, the US government implemented programs toeliminate "vice" among the Tohono O'odham and toencourage the morals of the majority culture as the basis of a processof "Americanization." During the next fifty years, tribalnorms interacted with - sometimes conflicting with and sometimesreinforcing - those of the larger society in ways thatsignificantly shaped both government policy and tribal experience. Thisbook examines the mediation between cultures, the officials whosometimes developed policies based on personal beliefs and genderbiases, and the native people whose lives were impacted as a result.These issues are brought into useful relief by comparing theexperiences of the Tohono O'odham on two sides of a border thatwas, from a native perspective, totally arbitrary.

Making the Chinese Mexican

Author: Grace Delgado
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804783713
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Making the Chinese Mexican is the first book to examine the Chinese diaspora in the U.S.-Mexico borderlands. It presents a fresh perspective on immigration, nationalism, and racism through the experiences of Chinese migrants in the region during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Navigating the interlocking global and local systems of migration that underlay Chinese borderlands communities, the author situates the often-paradoxical existence of these communities within the turbulence of exclusionary nationalisms. The world of Chinese fronterizos (borderlanders) was shaped by the convergence of trans-Pacific networks and local arrangements, against a backdrop of national unrest in Mexico and in the era of exclusionary immigration policies in the United States, Chinese fronterizos carved out vibrant, enduring communities that provided a buffer against virulent Sinophobia. This book challenges us to reexamine the complexities of nation making, identity formation, and the meaning of citizenship. It represents an essential contribution to our understanding of the U.S.-Mexico borderlands.

La Calle

Author: Lydia R. Otero
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816528882
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Otero is re-voicing the silenced and examining the role of power and voice in creating an imagined history. She offers a rich understanding of how resistance exists in everyday practices by individuals and how such resistance continues in the face of powerful-and disempowering---institutional and social relations." Gabriela F. Arredondo, author of Mexican Chicago: Race, Identity and Nation, 1916-1939 "Based on meticulous research and oral histories, Lydia Otero's La Calle documents the Tucson Mexican American community's tragic experience with urban renewal during the 1960s. It is an indictment of the politics, greed, and racism that led to the destruction of the Mexican American economic, historical, cultural, and architectural heart of the Old Pneblo. It is also an elegy and a eulogy honoring those who fought city hall, often in vain, to preserve Tucson's Mexican past. We owe them, as well as Lydia, our profound gratitude for telling their stories." Patricia Preciado Martin, author of Beloved Land: An Oral History of Mexican Americans in Southern Arizona On March 1, 1900, the voters of Tucson approved the Pueblo Center Redevelopment Project---Arizona's first Injor urban reneat project---which targeted the most densely populated eighty ares in the state. For Close to one hundred years, tuesonenses had created their own spatial reality in the historical, predominantly Mexiacan American heart of the city, an area most called "la calle". Here, ainid small retail and service shops, restaurants, and certainment vernues, they openly lived and celebrated their culture. To make Way for the Puehlo Cemten's new buildings, city ofticials proceeded to displace la calle;s residents and to demolisbh their ethuically diverse neighborhoods, which, Contends Lydia Otero, challenged the spatral an cultural assumptions of postwar modernity, suburbra, and urban Planning.

Desert Indian woman

Author: Frances Sallie Manuel
Publisher: Univ of Arizona Pr
Format: PDF, Docs
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Basket weaver, storyteller, and tribal elder, Frances Manuel is a living preserver of Tohono Oaodham culture. Speaking in her own words from the heart of the Arizona desert, she now shares the story of her life. She tells of Oaodham culture and society, and of the fortunes and misfortunes of Native Americans in the southwestern borderlands over the past century. In "Desert Indian Woman," Frances relates her life and her stories with the wit, humor, and insight that have endeared her to family and friends. She tells of her early childhood growing up in a mesquite brush house, her training in tribal traditions, her acquaintance with Mexican ways, and her education in an American boarding school. Through her recollections of births and deaths, heartache and happiness, we learn of her familyas migration from the reservation to the barrios and back again. In the details of her everyday life, we see how Frances has navigated between Oaodham and American societies, always keeping her grandparentsa traditional teachings as her compass. It is extraordinary to hear from a Native American woman like Frances, in her own words and her own point of view, to enter the complex and sensitive aspects of her life experience, her sorrows, and her dreams. We also become privy to her continuing search for her identity across the border, and the ways in which Frances and Deborah have attempted to make sense of their friendship over twenty-odd years. Throughout the book, Deborah captures the rhythms of Francesas narrative style, conveying the connectedness of her dreams, songs, and legends with everyday life, bringing images and people from faraway times and places into the present. Deborah Neffbrings a breadth of experience in anthropology and Southwest Native American cultures to the task of placing Frances Manuelas life in its broader historical context, illuminating how history works itself out in peopleas everyday lives. "Desert Indian Woman" is the story of an individual life lived well and a major contribution to the understanding of history from a Native American point of view.

Changing National Identities at the Frontier

Author: Andrés Reséndez
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521543194
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book explores how the diverse and fiercely independent peoples of Texas and New Mexico came to think of themselves as members of one particular national community or another in the years leading up to the Mexican-American War. Hispanics, Native Americans, and Anglo Americans made agonizing and crucial identity decisions against the backdrop of two structural transformations taking place in the region during the first half of the 19th century and often pulling in opposite directions.