Budgeting for Local Governments and Communities

Author: Douglas Morgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317507274
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Budgeting for Local Governments and Communities is designed as the primary textbook for a quarter or semester-long course in public budgeting and finance in an MPA programme. Many currently available texts for this course suffer from a combination of defects that include a focus on federal and state budgeting, a lack of a theoretical governance framework, an omission of important topics, and typically a lack of exercises and datasets for student use. Budgeting for Local Governments and Communities solves all of these problems. The book is exceptionally comprehensive and well written, and represents the efforts of veteran authors with both teaching and real-world experience. Key Features: Special Focus on Local Government Budgeting: focuses exclusively on budgeting at the local levels of American government, which are responsible for spending 40 percent of the taxes collected from citizens. Integration of Theory and Practice: teaching cases and chapters capture the "lessons learned" by professional practitioners who have extensive experience in making local public budgeting work on the ground. Polity Approach to Local Budgeting: presents an introduction to local budgeting as the central political activity that integrates the resources of the community into a unified whole. Budgeting is presented as governance work, rather than as a unique set of skills possessed by analysts and financial specialists. Legal, Historical, Economic and Moral Foundations of Local Government Budgeting: provides readers with an understanding of how the structures and processes of local budgeting systems are firmly tethered to the underlying core values, legal principles and historical development of the larger American federal, state and local political systems. Electronic Datasets and Budgeting Exercises: the text includes access to extensive electronic datasets and practice exercises that provide abundant opportunities for students to "learn through doing." Extensive Glossary and Bibliography: covers terms on the history and practice of local public budgeting.

House of Commons Communities and Local Government Committee Community Budgets HC 163

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Communities and Local Government Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215062833
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Community Budgets are demonstrating their potential to deliver cheaper, more integrated and more effective public services. They are at risk, however, of being replaced after a few years if key issues are not resolved. If this opportunity is missed, the Committee warns that local services could come under unsustainable pressure in the face of increased demand and reduced budgets. This in turn may result in more spending later on judicial and emergency health and welfare interventions. The Government should send a clear message that it will assist every local authority wishing to introduce Community Budgets and to set out the specific assistance it will provide them with. Furthermore, the programme of pilots must not be allowed to slow progress towards wider implementation. If they are to succeed, public service providers and local authorities must realise investment in Community Budgets will bring them benefits. Local authorities, their partners, and central government should, therefore, develop a framework for agreements on how the benefits of investment are to be shared. On the Troubled Families Programme, the Committee is supportive of the work being done but highlights the need for greater focus on how work with these families will continue after the programme ends in 2016. Noting that the resources available have not increased in proportion to the number of families added to the programme in June, DCLG needs to monitor carefully progress and provide more resources to local authorities if necessary

Local Government Budgeting

Author: Julie M. Brenman
Publisher: Local Government Board Builder
ISBN: 9781560117292
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The adoption of a budget is one of the most important activities undertaken by local government officials each year. The budget serves as the elected board's primary opportunity to establish community priorities and as a tool for planning community services and programs, communicating priorities, and properly managing finances. The budget process, however, with its big numbers, multiple acronyms, and counterintuitive rules, can be confusing. A book in the Local Government Board Builders series, this guide is intended to remove the mystery of the budget process and to equip North Carolina's city and county governing bodies with the tools they need to actively participate in the process. See the Local Government Board Builders Series webpage for other books in the series and related School of Government publications (https: //www.sog.unc.edu/resource-series/local-government-board-builders-series-0).

Participatory Budgeting in the United States

Author: Victoria Gordon
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315535289
Format: PDF, ePub
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Although citizen engagement is a core public service value, few public administrators receive training on how to share leadership with people outside the government. Participatory Budgeting in the United States serves as a primer for those looking to understand a classic example of participatory governance, engaging local citizens in examining budgetary constraints and priorities before making recommendations to local government. Utilizing case studies and an original set of interviews with community members, elected officials, and city employees, this book provides a rare window onto the participatory budgeting process through the words and experiences of the very individuals involved. The central themes that emerge from these fascinating and detailed cases focus on three core areas: creating the participatory budgeting infrastructure; increasing citizen participation in participatory budgeting; and assessing and increasing the impact of participatory budgeting. This book provides students, local government elected officials, practitioners, and citizens with a comprehensive understanding of participatory budgeting and straightforward guidelines to enhance the process of civic engagement and democratic values in local communities.

Taking forward community budgets

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Communities and Local Government Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215042712
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Community Budgets were introduced in October 2010 as part of the Spending Review with the aim of giving local public service partners the freedom to work together to redesign services around the needs of citizens, improving outcomes, reducing duplication and waste and so saving significant sums of public money. Following the riots in summer 2011 the focus of these budgets changed and the troubled families programme was introduced in December 2011, aiming to change the lives of 120,000 troubled families by the end of the current Parliament. As these Community Budgets initiatives for dealing with families with multiple problems are still at an early stage, the Communities and Local Government Committee has produced a brief report setting out issues which will provide a starting point for a full inquiry and report next year. It is carrying out scrutiny of Community Budgets in separate stages. For the first stage, it invited written evidence, held a single oral evidence session and sets out an outline of the questions raised, which will assist its subsequent work on Community Budgets. The report contains no conclusions or recommendations to the Government.

Case Study on Integration

Author: Great Britain: National Audit Office
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780102981339
Format: PDF
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This case study looks at the four Whole-Place Community Budget areas, West Cheshire; Whole Essex; Greater Manchester; and the West London Tri-borough area. It accompanies HC 1041 (ISBN 9780102981346) which looks broadly at the progress and benefits of the scheme. The case study confirms there has been effective collaboration in assessing thoroughly the evidence base for local service reforms. Longer term, achieving value for money will require the Department for Communities and Local Government and local areas to sustain commitment to careful implementation to careful implementation and robust evaluation to identify the actual costs and benefits of new, more integrated ways of working

Central Government s Communication and Engagement With Local Government

Author: Great Britain. National Audit Office
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780102977134
Format: PDF, ePub
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This report recognises that, now more than ever, it is essential that central government communicates and engages well with local government. Responsibilities such as public health are moving to local government, local authorities are playing a vital role in the Government's decentralisation agenda, and substantial reductions in staff are causing pressure. It is clear that there is goodwill on both sides, however, the organisational differences between central and local government make communication very challenging. Where departments are designing services for local delivery, the operational experience of local authorities is important to the effective design and implementation of programmes. The NAO's work across government has also demonstrated that not consulting local delivery partners early brings a high risk of waste and 'optimism bias' that can result in the failure of programmes. Some policy consultations are rushed. Departments also issue a disproportionate number of consultations just before parliamentary recess and holiday periods making it difficult to co-ordinate their work on them. Though most individual communications between central and local government are of good quality, there are so many that poor ones can still have a significant impact. Departments' standards for, and oversight of, their communications with local government are not systematic enough to eliminate the risk of some poor communications slipping through. Local authorities are also exasperated by the poor targeting of emails to relevant audiences, wasting the time of the hundreds of people who receive each one. This is of particular concern to local authority managers working with fewer staff following cost reductions.