By Honor Bound

Author: Nancy Shields Kollmann
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501706950
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Russians from all ranks of society were bound together by a culture of honor. Here one of the foremost scholars of early modern Russia explores the intricate and highly stylized codes that made up this culture. Nancy Shields Kollmann describes how these codes were manipulated to construct identity and enforce social norms--and also to defend against insults, to pursue vendettas, and to unsettle communities. She offers evidence for a new view of the relationship of state and society in the Russian empire, and her richly comparative approach enhances knowledge of statebuilding in premodern Europe. By presenting Muscovite state and society in the context of medieval and early modern Europe, she exposes similarities that blur long-standing distinctions between Russian and European history. Through the prism of honor, Kollmann examines the interaction of the Russian state and its people in regulating social relations and defining an individual's rank. She finds vital information in a collection of transcripts of legal suits brought by elites and peasants alike to avenge insult to honor. The cases make clear the conservative role honor played in society as well as the ability of men and women to employ this body of ideas to address their relations with one another and with the state. Kollmann demonstrates that the grand princes—and later the tsars—tolerated a surprising degree of local autonomy throughout their rapidly expanding realm. Her work marks a stark contrast with traditional Russian historiography, which exaggerates the power of the state and downplays the volition of society.

State Power and Community in Early Modern Russia

Author: B. Davies
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230000649
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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State, Power and Community in Early Modern Russia is a vivid reconstruction of life in one of the garrison towns built on Muscovy's southern steppe frontier in the early Seventeenth-century to defend against Tatar raids. It focuses on how the colonization process shaped power relations in a particular southern garrison community, both at the village level, within the land commune, and at the district level, between the general garrison community and the appointed officials representing state authority.

The Origins of the Slavic Nations

Author: Serhii Plokhy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458922
Format: PDF
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This book documents developments in the countries of eastern Europe, including the rise of authoritarian tendencies in Russia and Belarus, as well as the victory of the democratic 'Orange Revolution' in Ukraine, and poses important questions about the origins of the East Slavic nations and the essential similarities or differences between their cultures. It traces the origins of the modern Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian nations by focusing on pre-modern forms of group identity among the Eastern Slavs. It also challenges attempts to 'nationalize' the Rus' past on behalf of existing national projects, laying the groundwork for understanding of the pre-modern history of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. The book covers the period from the Christianization of Kyivan Rus' in the tenth century to the reign of Peter I and his eighteenth-century successors, by which time the idea of nationalism had begun to influence the thinking of East Slavic elites.

Redefining Stalinism

Author: Harold Shukman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135760845
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Born in 1879 in Georgia, Stalin joined the Bolsheviks under Lenin in 1903 and became General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922. These edited papers reassess the deeds, policies and legacy of a man who was responsible for innumerable deaths and untold human misery.

Dissens und Ehre

Author: Angela Rustemeyer
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Die Ehre der Zaren und Zarinnen reichte weit, und es gab zahllose Möglichkeiten, sie zu verletzen. Wer sich am Aufruhr beteiligte, ohne Erlaubnis das Land verließ oder über die Herrscher und Herrscherinnen schlecht redete, stand in der Hierarchie der Verbrechen ganz oben. Der repressive Umgang mit diesen als Ausdruck von Dissens verstandenen Verhaltensweisen hat dem frühneuzeitlichen Zarenreich vielfach den Ruf einer dem zeitgenössischen Europa fremden Despotie eingetragen. Die aktuellen Fragen der Kriminalitätsgeschichte, der vergleichende Blick und vor allem die Quellen revidieren dieses Urteil: Herrschaft wurde im vormodernen Russland anders vermittelt als in Mittel- und Westeuropa, aber sie war nicht weniger konsensabhängig. Wo die Anklage wegen Verrats oder Majestätsbeleidigung den Bewegungsspielraum der Untertanen einschränkte, traf sie auf Verweigerung und subtile Gegenwehr. Unter diesen Bedingungen verlangte die Mobilisierung der Bevölkerung für die Verfolgung der Majestätsverbrechen von der Autokratie erhebliche Kompromisse und die ständige Bereitschaft zu Belohnung und Kompensation. Der Erfolg blieb dennoch begrenzt: Die Anzeigepraxis der Untertanen richtete sich über weite Strecken nach den Maßgaben der eigenen Ehre und der sozialen Loyalität statt nach den Vorschriften der Obrigkeit. Die in Prozessakten reich dokumentierte verbale Majestätsbeleidigung spiegelt Herrscherbilder und Selbstbilder, die das Klischee vom "naiven Monarchismus" im Zarenreich nachhaltig widerlegen.