Calculus on Normed Vector Spaces

Author: Rodney Coleman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461438942
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book serves as an introduction to calculus on normed vector spaces at a higher undergraduate or beginning graduate level. The prerequisites include basic calculus and linear algebra, as well as a certain mathematical maturity. All the important topology and functional analysis topics are introduced where necessary. In its attempt to show how calculus on normed vector spaces extends the basic calculus of functions of several variables, this book is one of the few textbooks to bridge the gap between the available elementary texts and high level texts. The inclusion of many non-trivial applications of the theory and interesting exercises provides motivation for the reader.

The Calculus of Variations

Author: Bruce van Brunt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387216979
Format: PDF
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Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics, physics, or engineering, this introduction to the calculus of variations focuses on variational problems involving one independent variable. It also discusses more advanced topics such as the inverse problem, eigenvalue problems, and Noether’s theorem. The text includes numerous examples along with problems to help students consolidate the material.

Differential Calculus on Normed Spaces

Author: Henri Cartan
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781548749323
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This classic and long out of print text by the famous French mathematician Henri Cartan, has finally been retitled and reissued as an unabridged reprint of the Kershaw Publishing Company 1971 edition at remarkably low price for a new generation of university students and teachers. It provides a concise and beautifully written course on rigorous analysis. Unlike most similar texts, which usually develop the theory in either metric or Euclidean spaces, Cartan's text is set entirely in normed vector spaces, particularly Banach spaces. This not only allows the author to develop carefully the concepts of calculus in a setting of maximal generality, it allows him to unify both single and multivariable calculus over either the real or complex scalar fields by considering derivatives of nth orders as linear transformations. This prepares the student for the subsequent study of differentiable manifolds modeled on Banach spaces as well as graduate analysis courses, where normed spaces and their isomorphisms play a central role. More importantly, it's republication in an inexpensive edition finally makes available again the English translations of both long separated halves of Cartan's famous 1965-6 analysis course at the University of Paris: The second half has been in print for over a decade as Differential Forms , published by Dover Books. Without the first half, it has been very difficult for readers of that second half text to be prepared with the proper prerequisites as Cartan originally intended. With both texts now available at very affordable prices, the entire course can now be easily obtained and studied as it was originally intended. The book is divided into two chapters. The first develops the abstract differential calculus. After an introductory section providing the necessary background on the elements of Banach spaces, the Frechet derivative is defined, and proofs are given of the two basic theorems of differential calculus: The mean value theorem and the inverse function theorem. The chapter proceeds with the introduction and study of higher order derivatives and a proof of Taylor's formula. It closes with a study of local maxima and minima including both necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of such minima. The second chapter is devoted to differential equations. Then the general existence and uniqueness theorems for ordinary differential equations on Banach spaces are proved. Applications of this material to linear equations and to obtaining various properties of solutions of differential equations are then given. Finally the relation between partial differential equations of the first order and ordinary differential equations is discussed. The prerequisites are rigorous first courses in calculus on the real line (elementary analysis), linear algebra on abstract vectors spaces with linear transformations and the basic definitions of topology (metric spaces, topology,etc.) A basic course in differential equations is advised as well. Together with its' sequel, Differential Calculus On Normed Spaces forms the basis for an outstanding advanced undergraduate/first year graduate analysis course in the Bourbakian French tradition of Jean Dieudonn�'s Foundations of Modern Analysis, but a more accessible level and much more affordable then that classic.

A Taste of Topology

Author: Volker Runde
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387257907
Format: PDF, Docs
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Having evolved from Runde’s notes for an introductory topology course at the University of Alberta, this essential text provides a concise introduction to set-theoretic topology. In places, Runde’s text treats its material differently to other books on the subject, providing a fresh perspective.

Advanced Calculus

Author: Lynn Harold Loomis
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814583952
Format: PDF, Docs
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An authorised reissue of the long out of print classic textbook, Advanced Calculus by the late Dr Lynn Loomis and Dr Shlomo Sternberg both of Harvard University has been a revered but hard to find textbook for the advanced calculus course for decades. This book is based on an honors course in advanced calculus that the authors gave in the 1960's. The foundational material, presented in the unstarred sections of Chapters 1 through 11, was normally covered, but different applications of this basic material were stressed from year to year, and the book therefore contains more material than was covered in any one year. It can accordingly be used (with omissions) as a text for a year's course in advanced calculus, or as a text for a three-semester introduction to analysis. The prerequisites are a good grounding in the calculus of one variable from a mathematically rigorous point of view, together with some acquaintance with linear algebra. The reader should be familiar with limit and continuity type arguments and have a certain amount of mathematical sophistication. As possible introductory texts, we mention Differential and Integral Calculus by R Courant, Calculus by T Apostol, Calculus by M Spivak, and Pure Mathematics by G Hardy. The reader should also have some experience with partial derivatives. In overall plan the book divides roughly into a first half which develops the calculus (principally the differential calculus) in the setting of normed vector spaces, and a second half which deals with the calculus of differentiable manifolds.

Notes on Geometry

Author: Elmer Rees
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642617778
Format: PDF, ePub
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In recent years, geometry has played a lesser role in undergraduate courses than it has ever done. Nevertheless, it still plays a leading role in mathematics at a higher level. Its central role in the history of mathematics has never been disputed. It is important, therefore, to introduce some geometry into university syllabuses. There are several ways of doing this, it can be incorporated into existing courses that are primarily devoted to other topics, it can be taught at a first year level or it can be taught in higher level courses devoted to differential geometry or to more classical topics. These notes are intended to fill a rather obvious gap in the literature. It treats the classical topics of Euclidean, projective and hyperbolic geometry but uses the material commonly taught to undergraduates: linear algebra, group theory, metric spaces and complex analysis. The notes are based on a course whose aim was two fold, firstly, to introduce the students to some geometry and secondly to deepen their understanding of topics that they have already met. What is required from the earlier material is a familiarity with the main ideas, specific topics that are used are usually redone.

Functional Analysis Sobolev Spaces and Partial Differential Equations

Author: Haim Brezis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387709142
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This textbook is a completely revised, updated, and expanded English edition of the important Analyse fonctionnelle (1983). In addition, it contains a wealth of problems and exercises (with solutions) to guide the reader. Uniquely, this book presents in a coherent, concise and unified way the main results from functional analysis together with the main results from the theory of partial differential equations (PDEs). Although there are many books on functional analysis and many on PDEs, this is the first to cover both of these closely connected topics. Since the French book was first published, it has been translated into Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Romanian, Greek and Chinese. The English edition makes a welcome addition to this list.

Differential Calculas in Normed Linear Spaces

Author: Kalyan Mukherjea
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9386279347
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents Advanced Calculus from a geometric point of view: instead of dealing with partial derivatives of functions of several variables, the derivative of the function is treated as a linear transformation between normed linear spaces. Not only does this lead to a simplified and transparent exposition of "difficult" results like the Inverse and Implicit Function Theorems but also permits, without any extra effort, a discussion of the Differential Calculus of functions defined on infinite dimensional Hilbert or Banach spaces.The prerequisites demanded of the reader are modest: a sound understanding of convergence of sequences and series of real numbers, the continuity and differentiability properties of functions of a real variable and a little Linear Algebra should provide adequate background for understanding the book. The first two chapters cover much of the more advanced background material on Linear Algebra (like dual spaces, multilinear functions and tensor products.) Chapter 3 gives an ab initio exposition of the basic results concerning the topology of metric spaces, particularly of normed linear spaces.The last chapter deals with miscellaneous applications of the Differential Calculus including an introduction to the Calculus of Variations. As a corollary to this, there is a brief discussion of geodesics in Euclidean and hyperbolic planes and non-Euclidean geometry.

Postmodern Analysis

Author: Jürgen Jost
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662053063
Format: PDF
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What is the title of this book intended to signify, what connotations is the adjective "Postmodern" meant to carry? A potential reader will surely pose this question. To answer it, I should describe what distinguishes the approach to analysis presented here from what has been called "Modern Analysis" by its protagonists. "Modern Analysis" as represented in the works of the Bour baki group or in the textbooks by Jean Dieudonne is characterized by its systematic and axiomatic treatment and by its drive towards a high level of abstraction. Given the tendency of many prior treatises on analysis to degen erate into a collection of rather unconnected tricks to solve special problems, this definitely represented a healthy achievement. In any case, for the de velopment of a consistent and powerful mathematical theory, it seems to be necessary to concentrate solely on the internal problems and structures and to neglect the relations to other fields of scientific, even of mathematical study for a certain while. Almost complete isolation may be required to reach the level of intellectual elegance and perfection that only a good mathematical theory can acquire. However, once this level has been reached, it might be useful to open one's eyes again to the inspiration coming from concrete ex ternal problems.

Non Associative Normed Algebras

Author: Miguel Cabrera García
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107043115
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The first systematic account of the basic theory of normed algebras, without assuming associativity. Sure to become a central resource.