Can Intervention Work Norton Global Ethics Series

Author: Rory Stewart
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393082156
Format: PDF
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Best-selling author Rory Stewart and political economist Gerald Knaus examine the impact of large-scale interventions, from Bosnia to Afghanistan. “A fresh and critically important perspective on foreign interventions” (Washington Post), Can Intervention Work? distills Rory Stewart’s (author of The Places In Between) and Gerald Knaus’s remarkable firsthand experiences of political and military interventions into a potent examination of what we can and cannot achieve in a new era of nation building. As they delve into the massive, military-driven efforts in Bosnia, Iraq, and Afghanistan, the authors reveal each effort’s enormous consequences for international relations, human rights, and our understanding of state building. Stewart and Knaus parse carefully the philosophies that have informed interventionism—from neoconservative to liberal imperialist—and draw on their diverse experiences in the military, nongovernmental organizations, and the Iraqi provincial government to reveal what we can ultimately expect from large-scale interventions and how they might best realize positive change in the world. Author and columnist Fred Kaplan calls Can Intervention Work? “the most thorough examination of the subject [of intervention] that I’ve read in a while.”

Universal Rights Down to Earth Norton Global Ethics Series

Author: Richard Thompson Ford
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393083403
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A path-blazing lesson on how to reconcile lofty human rights ambitions with political and cultural realities. The idea of universal rights—rights shared by all citizens, regardless of nationality, creed, wealth, or geography—has a powerful grip on the way many people feel about justice and global politics. No one should be subjected to torture or disappearance, to starvation or sex trafficking, to economic exploitation or biased treatment under the law. But when it comes to actually enforcing these rights, the results rarely resemble the ideal. In Universal Rights Down to Earth, acclaimed author and legal expert Richard Thompson Ford reveals how attempts to apply “universal” human rights principles to specific cultures can hinder humanitarian causes and sometimes even worsen conditions for citizens. In certain regions, human rights ideals clash with the limits of institutional capabilities or civic culture; elsewhere, rights enforcement leads to further human rights violations. And in some countries, offending regimes use human rights commitments to distract attention from or justify their other abuses. Ford explores how our haste to identify every ideal as a universal right devalues rights as a whole, so that even the most important protections—such as that against torture—become negotiable. In clear, persuasive prose, Ford explores cases ranging from food distribution to the poor in India to sex work in Japan, illustrating how a rights-based approach to these problems often impedes more effective measures—the pragmatic politics of cost weighing, compromise, and collective action. The bad news is that improving lives worldwide isn’t as easy as making a declaration. But the good news, as Universal Rights Down to Earth powerfully demonstrates, is that if we are clear-eyed and culturally aware, it can be done.

The Ethics of Invention Technology and the Human Future

Author: Sheila Jasanoff
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393253856
Format: PDF, Docs
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We live in a world increasingly governed by technology—but to what end? Technology rules us as much as laws do. It shapes the legal, social, and ethical environments in which we act. Every time we cross a street, drive a car, or go to the doctor, we submit to the silent power of technology. Yet, much of the time, the influence of technology on our lives goes unchallenged by citizens and our elected representatives. In The Ethics of Invention, renowned scholar Sheila Jasanoff dissects the ways in which we delegate power to technological systems and asks how we might regain control. Our embrace of novel technological pathways, Jasanoff shows, leads to a complex interplay among technology, ethics, and human rights. Inventions like pesticides or GMOs can reduce hunger but can also cause unexpected harm to people and the environment. Often, as in the case of CFCs creating a hole in the ozone layer, it takes decades before we even realize that any damage has been done. Advances in biotechnology, from GMOs to gene editing, have given us tools to tinker with life itself, leading some to worry that human dignity and even human nature are under threat. But despite many reasons for caution, we continue to march heedlessly into ethically troubled waters. As Jasanoff ranges across these and other themes, she challenges the common assumption that technology is an apolitical and amoral force. Technology, she masterfully demonstrates, can warp the meaning of democracy and citizenship unless we carefully consider how to direct its power rather than let ourselves be shaped by it. The Ethics of Invention makes a bold argument for a future in which societies work together—in open, democratic dialogue—to debate not only the perils but even more the promises of technology.

The Human Right to Health Norton Global Ethics Series

Author: Jonathan Wolff
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393083292
Format: PDF, ePub
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“A broad-ranging, insightful analysis of the complex practical and ethical issues involved in global health.”—Kirkus Reviews Few topics in human rights have inspired as much debate as the right to health. Proponents would enshrine it as a fundamental right on a par with freedom of speech and freedom from torture. Detractors suggest that the movement constitutes an impractical over-reach. Jonathan Wolff cuts through the ideological stalemate to explore both views. In an accessible, persuasive voice, he explores the philosophical underpinnings of the idea of a human right, assesses whether health meets those criteria, and identifies the political and cultural realities we face in attempts to improve the health of citizens in wildly different regions. Wolff ultimately finds that there is a path forward for proponents of the right to health, but to succeed they must embrace certain intellectual and practical changes. The Human Right to Health is a powerful and important contribution to the discourse on global health.

The Professionalization of Intelligence Cooperation

Author: A. Svendsen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137269367
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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An insightful exploration of intelligence cooperation (officially known as liaison), including its international dimensions. This book offers a distinct understanding of this process, valuable to those involved in critical information flows, such as intelligence, risk, crisis and emergency managers.

Humanitarianism in Question

Author: Michael Barnett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801465087
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.

Author: Karl Ove Knausgård
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη
ISBN: 9600359075
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Σ’ αυτό το εκπληκτικό μυθιστόρημα ο Καρλ Ούβε Κνάουσγκορντ αναμετράται με την ίδια του τη ζωή με επώδυνη ειλικρίνεια. Γράφει για τα παιδικά χρόνια και την εφηβεία του, το πάθος του για τη ροκ μουσική, τη σχέση του με μια σχεδόν ανύπαρκτη μητέρα που όμως αγαπούσε, αλλά και τον απόμακρο, απρόβλεπτο πατέρα του, ο θάνατος του οποίου επέφερε όχι μόνο οδύνη αλλά και σύγχυση. Από τη στιγμή που ο Καρλ Ούβε γίνεται και ο ίδιος γονιός πρέπει να εξισορροπήσει τις απαιτήσεις που έχει η φροντίδα μιας οικογένειας με την αποφασιστικότητά του να γράψει σπουδαία λογοτεχνία. Με το Ένας θάνατος στην οικογένεια, το πρώτο μέρος μιας εξάτομης λογοτεχνικής αυτοβιογραφίας που έχει προκαλέσει παγκόσμια αίσθηση, ο Κνάουσγκορντ συνέθεσε μια πανανθρώπινη ιστορία για τις συγκρούσεις, με τις οποίες ερχόμαστε αντιμέτωποι στη ζωή μας, σ’ αυτόν τον αγώνα που είναι η ζωή μας. Ένα βιβλίο απολύτως σαγηνευτικό, ικανό να συμπαρασύρει τον ευαίσθητο αναγνώστη, γραμμένο με μια βραδυφλεγή ένταση, σαν να εξαρτάται από αυτό η ίδια η ύπαρξη του συγγραφέα. Το πρώτο βιβλίο της μυθιστορηματικής σειράς Ο αγώνας μου.