Capping Non economic Awards in Medical Malpractice Trials

Author: Nicholas Michael Pace
Publisher: Minnesota Historical Society
ISBN: 9780833036650
Format: PDF, ePub
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A model for limits on trial awards and attorneys' fees in medical malpractice cases is the Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act (MICRA), a law enacted in California in 1975 in the hope of controlling soaring medical malpractice insurance premiums and ensuring the continuing availability of malpractice insurance. MICRA caps awards for non-economic losses at $250,000 and limits plaintiffs' attorney fees. The authors examine the effects these limits have on both plaintiffs' awards and defendants' liabilities.

How Will the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Affect Liability Insurance Costs

Author: David I. Auerbach
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833086219
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This report identifies potential mechanisms through which the Affordable Care Act (ACA) might affect liability claim costs and develops rough estimates of the size and direction of expected impacts as of 2016. Overall, effects of the ACA appear likely to be small relative to aggregate auto, workers’ compensation, and medical malpractice insurer payouts, but some states and insurance lines may experience cost changes as high as 5 percent or more.

Issues and Performance in the Pennsylvania Workers TM Compensation System

Author: Michael D. Greenberg
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833046004
Format: PDF, ePub
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Examines the performance of Pennsylvania's workers' compensation system, focusing on benefits and compensation, workplace safety, medical care, and dispute resolution. The authors find that the system performs fairly well relative to other states, but that it faces challenges in improving safety and in dealing with rising health care costs. The authors discuss future policy options, emphasizing the need for more and better performance data.

Autonomous Vehicle Technology

Author: James M. Anderson
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833084372
Format: PDF
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The automotive industry appears close to substantial change engendered by “self-driving” technologies. This technology offers the possibility of significant benefits to social welfare—saving lives; reducing crashes, congestion, fuel consumption, and pollution; increasing mobility for the disabled; and ultimately improving land use. This report is intended as a guide for state and federal policymakers on the many issues that this technology raises.

Assigning Responsibility Following a Catastrophe

Author: Nicholas M. Pace
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780833099709
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This report reviews various alternatives to relying exclusively on traditional civil litigation to assign responsibility for the human causes of a catastrophe and to determine the types of losses that a designated responsible party must reimburse. It also reviews examples of circumstances in which statutory substitutes for the traditional tort system have been adopted for dealing with at least some of the consequences of widespread harm.

Reexamining Military Acquisition Reform

Author: Christopher H. Hanks
Publisher: Minnesota Historical Society
ISBN: 9780833037077
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the Department of Defense, 63 distinct acquisition reform (AR) initiatives were undertaken in the 1989-2002 period. This monograph classifies the initiatives according to various criteria: basic AR theme; relationship to acquisition functions; Army recognition; coverage in the DoD 5000 series; relationship to Under Secretary Aldridge's five goals; coverage in Defense Acquisition University curricula; and relationship to industry attractiveness and return-on-investment models. The analysis made use of interviews with industry and Army Program Management personnel, who were asked: What has been good about acquisition reform? What has been bad? What would you change? In general, industry and Army Program Management personnel acknowledge that some good has come from some AR initiatives, but they argue that many serious structural and cultural impediments still remain that hinder the ability of the acquisition process to deliver desired outcomes in terms of cost, schedule, and performance.

Improving School Leadership Through Support Evaluation and Incentives

Author: Laura S. Hamilton
Publisher: RAND Corporation
ISBN: 9780833076175
Format: PDF, Docs
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This report examines Pittsburgh Public Schools' implementation and outcomes of the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program from school years 2007-2008 through 2010-2011, how principals and other school staff have responded to the reforms, and what outcomes accompanied program implementation.

Qatar s School Transportation System

Author: Keith Henry
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 9780833060242
Format: PDF
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In consideration of the many challenges associated with Qatar0́9s continued growth and demographic changes, the government of Qatar is interested in updating its school transportation system (STS). This volume assesses the perspectives of parents and school administrators on Qatar0́9s STS, identifies a vision and goals for the STS, reviews international norms for school transportation, and discusses strategies to achieve the vision and better align Qatar0́9s STS with international norms. The authors articulate four elements of a vision for Qatar0́9s STS: Provide safe, efficient, and high-quality transportation for Qatar0́9s students; support educational options by enabling mobility and access; provide a transportation experience that is supportive of Qatari values and culture; and minimize the impact on traffic congestion and the environment. The authors recommend 13 strategies to help achieve this vision, such as establishing clearly marked schools zones with standardized safety features and establishing standards for licensing and training bus drivers. The authors also provide a preliminary evaluation of several other strategies with less certain costs and benefits, such as changing the composition of the school bus fleet, implementing bus stops, and staggering school start times.

California s K 12 Public Schools

Author: Stephen J. Carroll
Publisher: Minnesota Historical Society
ISBN: 9780833037169
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Describes the condition and performance of California's K-12 public schools in terms of student population, resources, and outcomes, analyzing trends and comparing California to other states and the nation as a whole.