Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Author: Millett Granger Morgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1617261017
Format: PDF, ePub
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The United States produces over seventy percent of all its electricity from fossil fuels and nearly fifty percent from coal alone. Worldwide, forty-one percent of all electricity is generated from coal, making it the single most important fuel source for electricity generation, followed by natural gas. This means that an essential part of any portfolio for emissions reduction will be technology to capture carbon dioxide and permanently sequester it in suitable geologic formations. While many nations have incentivized development of CCS technology, large regulatory and legal barriers exist that have yet to be addressed. This book identifies current law and regulation that applies to geologic sequestration in the U.S., the regulatory needs to ensure that geologic sequestration is carried out safely and effectively, and barriers that current law and regulation present to timely deployment of CCS. The authors find the three most significant barriers to be: an ill-defined process to access pore space in deep saline formations; a piecemeal, procedural, and static permitting system; and the lack of a clear, responsible plan to address long-term liability associated with sequestered CO2. The book provides legislative options to remove these barriers and address the regulatory needs, and makes recommendations on the best options to encourage safe, effective deployment of CCS. The authors operationalize their recommendations in legislative language, which is of particular use to policymakers faced with the challenge of addressing climate change and energy.

The Oxford Handbook of Law Regulation and Technology

Author: Roger Brownsword
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191502227
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The variety, pace, and power of technological innovations that have emerged in the 21st Century have been breathtaking. These technological developments, which include advances in networked information and communications, biotechnology, neurotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics, and environmental engineering technology, have raised a number of vital and complex questions. Although these technologies have the potential to generate positive transformation and help address 'grand societal challenges', the novelty associated with technological innovation has also been accompanied by anxieties about their risks and destabilizing effects. Is there a potential harm to human health or the environment? What are the ethical implications? Do this innovations erode of antagonize values such as human dignity, privacy, democracy, or other norms underpinning existing bodies of law and regulation? These technological developments have therefore spawned a nascent but growing body of 'law and technology' scholarship, broadly concerned with exploring the legal, social and ethical dimensions of technological innovation. This handbook collates the many and varied strands of this scholarship, focusing broadly across a range of new and emerging technology and a vast array of social and policy sectors, through which leading scholars in the field interrogate the interfaces between law, emerging technology, and regulation. Structured in five parts, the handbook (I) establishes the collection of essays within existing scholarship concerned with law and technology as well as regulatory governance; (II) explores the relationship between technology development by focusing on core concepts and values which technological developments implicate; (III) studies the challenges for law in responding to the emergence of new technologies, examining how legal norms, doctrine and institutions have been shaped, challenged and destabilized by technology, and even how technologies have been shaped by legal regimes; (IV) provides a critical exploration of the implications of technological innovation, examining the ways in which technological innovation has generated challenges for regulators in the governance of technological development, and the implications of employing new technologies as an instrument of regulatory governance; (V) explores various interfaces between law, regulatory governance, and new technologies across a range of key social domains.

Mining and Energy Law

Author: Samantha Hepburn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316334848
Format: PDF, ePub
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Mining and Energy Law is the only textbook available that encompasses a discussion of both the law and the policy of mining and resource regulation in existing and emergent areas, for the Commonwealth as well as for the states and territories in Australia. The book begins by examining the ownership framework underpinning natural resources within Australia and reviews the proprietary status and scope of mining tenements, and the regulation of offshore petroleum extraction. It goes on to explore the legal regimes that have emerged in response to more recent developments, such as coal seam gas, renewable energy and geo-sequestration. The book concludes with a discussion of the commercial and contractual arrangements commonly used by transacting parties operating in the sector. Mining and Energy Law is the ideal starting point for anyone seeking to understand the regulatory regimes and policy challenges relevant to one of Australia's most important industry sectors.

Greenhouse Gas Legislation Summary and Analysis of H R 2454 as Reported by the House Committee on Energy and Commerce

Author: Mark Holt
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437918786
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A report on H.R. 2454, the Amer. Clean Energy and Security Act. The bill would amend the Clean Air Act to establish a cap-and-trade system designed to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions 17% below 2005 levels by 2020 and 83% below 2005 levels by 2050. The market-based approach would establish a cap on the emissions and would allow trading of emissions permits (¿allowances¿). The bill contains energy efficiency provisions that cover grants, standards, rebates and other programs for bldgs., lighting and commercial equip., water-using equip., wood stoves, industrial equip., and healthcare facilities. It contains provisions related to vehicles and fuels, incl. incentives to produce plug-in vehicles and other advanced technology vehicles. Illustrations.

Legal Design of Carbon Capture and Storage

Author: Martha M. Roggenkamp
Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Since the 1990s, several attempts have been made to combat climate change. Governments have used traditional instruments, like the promotion of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency. Since the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, new instruments have been introduced, like international and national emissions trading. So far, these existing abatement options are not sufficient to meet the national CO2 reduction targets. Until it is possible to use renewable resources on a larger scale without endangering security of supply, transitional instruments need to be designed. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is such a transitional instrument that allows for the use of fossil fuels without emitting CO2 in the atmosphere. The CO2 will be captured and transported to subsoil reservoirs where it is permanently stored. Because of its geological structure, The Netherlands is considered to be suitable for large-scale CO2 storage. The Groningen Centre of Energy Law (GCEL) has analyzed the legal instruments necessary to regulate CCS. This book presents a legal design of CCS. Ten chapters give an insight in the international, EU, and national framework for CCS. They analyze the regime for geological storage and transportation pipelines, the financial incentives to promote CCS, and the applicable liability regime.

OECD Papers

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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A compilation of reports previously issued by the OECD.