Carpetbaggers Cavalry and the Ku Klux Klan

Author: James Michael Martinez
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742550780
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In some places, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a social fraternity whose members enjoyed sophomoric hijinks and homemade liquor. In other areas, the KKK was a paramilitary group intent on keeping former slaves away from white women and Republicans away from ballot boxes. South Carolina saw the worst Klan violence and, in 1871, President Grant sent federal troops under the command of Major Lewis Merrill to restore law and order. Merrill did not eradicate the Klan, but they arguably did more than any other person or entity to expose the identity of the Invisible Empire as a group of hooded, brutish, homegrown terrorists. In compiling evidence to prosecute the leading Klansmen and by restoring at least a semblance of order to South Carolina, Merrill and his men demonstrated that the portrayal of the KKK as a chivalric organization was at best a myth, and at worst a lie. This is the story of the rise and fall of the Reconstruction-era Klan, focusing especially on Major Merrill and the Seventh Cavalry's efforts to expose the secrets of the Ku Klux Klan to the light of day.

Coming for to Carry Me Home

Author: J. Michael Martinez
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442215003
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Coming for to Carry Me Home examines the concept of race in the United States from the 1830s, when the abolitionists rose to prominence, until the 1880s, when the Jim Crow regime commenced. J. Michael Martinez argues that Lincoln and the Radical Republicans were the pivotal actors, albeit not the architects, that influenced this evolution.

Robert E Lee and the Fall of the Confederacy 1863 1865

Author: Ethan S. Rafuse
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742551268
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this reexamination of the last two years of Lee's storied military career, Ethan S. Rafuse offers a clear, informative, and insightful account of Lee's ultimately unsuccessful struggle to defend the Confederacy against a relentless and determined foe. This book provides a comprehensive, yet concise and entertaining narrative of the battles and campaigns that highlighted this phase of the war and analyzes the battles and Lee's generalship in the context of the steady deterioration of the Confederacy's prospects for victory.

The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials 1871 1872

Author: Lou Falkner Williams
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820326597
Format: PDF, Mobi
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It is remarkable that the most serious intervention by the federal government to protect the rights of its new African American citizens during Reconstruction (and well beyond) has not, until now, received systematic scholarly study. In The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials, Lou Falkner Williams presents a comprehensive account of the events following the Klan uprising in the South Carolina piedmont in the Reconstruction era. It is a gripping story--one that helps us better understand the limits of constitutional change in post-Civil War America and the failure of Reconstruction. The South Carolina Klan trials represent the culmination of the federal government's most substantial effort during Reconstruction to stop white violence and provide personal security for African Americans. Federal interventions, suspension of habeas corpus in nine counties, widespread undercover investigations, and highly publicized trials resulting in the conviction of several Klansmen are all detailed in Williams's study. When the trials began, the Supreme Court had yet to interpret the Fourteenth Amendment and the Enforcement Acts. Thus the fourth federal circuit court became a forum for constitutional experimentation as the prosecution and defense squared off to present their opposing views. The fate of the individual Klansmen was almost incidental to the larger constitutional issues in these celebrated trials. It was the federal judge's devotion to state-centered federalism--not a lack of concern for the Klan's victims--that kept them from embracing constitutional doctrine that would have fundamentally altered the nature of the Union. Placing the Klan trials in the context of postemancipation race relations, Williams shows that the Klan's campaign of terror in the upcountry reflected white determination to preserve prewar racial and social standards. Her analysis of Klan violence against women breaks new ground, revealing that white women were attacked to preserve traditional southern sexual mores, while crimes against black women were designed primarily to demonstrate white male supremacy. Well-written, cogently argued, and clearly presented, this comprehensive account of the Klan uprising in the South Carolina piedmont in the late 1860s and early 1870s makes a significant contribution to the history of Reconstruction and race relations in the United States.

The Ku Klux Klan Or the Invisible Empire

Author: S. Rose
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781477512241
Format: PDF, Docs
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Originally published in 1914, this is the account and history of the original version of the Ku Klux Klan, formed to resist federal reconstruction.

Splendid failure

Author: Michael W. Fitzgerald
Publisher: Ivan R Dee
ISBN: 9781566637343
Format: PDF, ePub
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An alternate interpretation of the role of post-Civil War radical Republican reconstruction policies demonstrates how the internal dynamics of early civil rights were influenced by southern prejudice, covering such topics as financial challenges, voting rights, and the period's modern-day ramifications.

The Sequel of Appomattox A Chronicle of the Reunion of the States

Author: Walter L. Fleming
Publisher: Charles River Editors via PublishDrive
ISBN: 1508084483
Format: PDF, ePub
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This is a history that begins with the wake of Lee’s surrender at Appomattox and traces how Reconstruction affected the divided country, leading all the way up to sectional reconciliation in its wake. It covers the events and movements that arose in the South, including the Ku Klux Klan. From the beginning: “When the armies of the Union and of the Confederacy were disbanded in 1865, two matters had been settled beyond further dispute: the Negro was to be free, and the Union was to be perpetuated. But, though slavery and state sovereignty were no longer at issue, there were still many problems which pressed for solution. The huge task of reconstruction must be faced. The nature of the situation required that the measures of reconstruction be first formulated in Washington by the victors and then worked out in the conquered South. Since the success of these policies would depend in a large measure upon their acceptability to both sections of the country, it was expected that the North would be influenced to some extent by the attitude of the Southern people, which in turn would be determined largely by local conditions in the South. The situation in the South at the close of the Civil War is, therefore, the point at which this narrative of the reconstruction naturally takes its beginning.”