Causality and Modern Science

Author: Mario Bunge
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486144879
Format: PDF, Mobi
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DIVImportant, non-technical, clearly written examination of causality, including discussion of empirical and romantic critiques. /div

Quantitative Intelligence Analysis

Author: Edward Waltz
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 144223587X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Quantitative Intelligence Analysis describes the model-based method of intelligence analysis that represents the analyst’s mental models of a subject, as well as the analyst’s reasoning process exposing what the analyst believes about the subject, and how they arrived at those beliefs and converged on analytic judgments. It includes: Specific methods of explicitly representing the analyst’s mental models as computational models; Dynamic simulations and interactive analytic games; The structure of an analyst’s mental model and the theoretical basis for capturing and representing the tacit knowledge of these models explicitly as computational models detailed description of the use of these models in rigorous, structured analysis of difficult targets; Model illustrations and simulation descriptions; The role of models in support of collection and operations; Case studies that illustrate a wide range of intelligence problems; And a recommended curriculum for technical analysts.

Creative Understanding

Author: Roberto Torretti
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226808352
Format: PDF, ePub
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"A pleasure to read. Gracefully written by a scholar well grounded in the relevant philosophical, historical, and technical background. . . . a helpfully clarifying review and analysis of some issues of importance to recent philosophy of science and a source of some illuminating insights."—Burke Townsend, Philosophy of Science

Concepts of Force

Author: Max Jammer
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486150569
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This work by a noted physicist traces conceptual development from ancient to modern times. Kepler's initiation, Newton's definition, subsequent reinterpretation — contrasting concepts of Leibniz, Boscovich, Kant with those of Mach, Kirchhoff, Hertz. "An excellent presentation." — Science.

Causation and Modern Philosophy

Author: Keith Allen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113682006X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume brings together a collection of new essays by leading scholars on the subject of causation in the early modern period, from Descartes to Lady Mary Shepherd. Aimed at researchers, graduate students and advanced undergraduates, the volume advances the understanding of early modern discussions of causation, and situates these discussions in the wider context of early modern philosophy and science. Specifically, the volume contains essays on key early modern thinkers, such as Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Hume, Kant. It also contains essays that examine the important contributions to the causation debate of less widely discussed figures, including Louis la Forge, Thomas Brown and Lady Mary Shepherd.

Neuroscience

Author: Alwyn Scott
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387954035
Format: PDF
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This book will be of interest to anyone who wishes to know what role mathematics can play in attempting to comprehend the dynamics of the human brain. It also aims to serve as a general introduction to neuromathematics. The book gives the reader a qualitative understanding and working knowledge of useful mathematical applications to the field of neuroscience. The book is readable by those who have little knowledge of mathematics for neuroscience but are committed to begin acquiring such knowledge.

Doing Science In The Light Of Philosophy

Author: Bunge Mario Augusto
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813202793
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Nearly all philosophers have dealt with the outcomes of scientific research, and have overlooked its philosophical presuppositions, such as those of rationality and realism. Although these presuppositions are mostly tacit and thus easily overlooked, actually they are supremely important, since some of them favor research whereas others hamper it. For instance, whereas subjectivism leads to navel gazing and uncontrolled fantasy, realism encourages us to explore the world and check our conjectures. This book examines science in the making, a process it illustrates with many examples from the natural, social, and biosocial sciences. Therefore it centers on the research process and its philosophical presuppositions. It claims that the latter constitutes a sort of matrix for conceiving and nurturing scientific projects.

Causality

Author: Judea Pearl
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139643983
Format: PDF
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Written by one of the preeminent researchers in the field, this book provides a comprehensive exposition of modern analysis of causation. It shows how causality has grown from a nebulous concept into a mathematical theory with significant applications in the fields of statistics, artificial intelligence, economics, philosophy, cognitive science, and the health and social sciences. Judea Pearl presents and unifies the probabilistic, manipulative, counterfactual, and structural approaches to causation and devises simple mathematical tools for studying the relationships between causal connections and statistical associations. Cited in more than 2,100 scientific publications, it continues to liberate scientists from the traditional molds of statistical thinking. In this revised edition, Judea Pearl elucidates thorny issues, answers readers' questions, and offers a panoramic view of recent advances in this field of research. Causality will be of interest to students and professionals in a wide variety of fields. Dr Judea Pearl has received the 2011 Rumelhart Prize for his leading research in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and systems from The Cognitive Science Society.

The Rise and Fall of Modern Medicine

Author: James Le Fanu M.D.
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465058892
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The medical achievements of the post-war years rank as one of the supreme epochs of human endeavour. Advances in surgical technique, new ideas about the nature of disease and huge innovations in drug manufacture vanquished most common causes of early death, But, since the mid-1970s the rate of development has slowed, and the future of medicine is uncertain. How has this happened? James Le Fanu's hugely acclaimed survey of the 'twelve definitive moments' of modern medicine and the intellectual vacuum which followed them has been fully revised and updated for this edition. "The rise and fall of modern medicine" is both riveting drama and a clarion call for change.