Causality and Modern Science

Author: Mario Bunge
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486144879
Format: PDF, Kindle
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DIVImportant, non-technical, clearly written examination of causality, including discussion of empirical and romantic critiques. /div

Concepts of Force

Author: Max Jammer
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486150569
Format: PDF, ePub
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This work by a noted physicist traces conceptual development from ancient to modern times. Kepler's initiation, Newton's definition, subsequent reinterpretation — contrasting concepts of Leibniz, Boscovich, Kant with those of Mach, Kirchhoff, Hertz. "An excellent presentation." — Science.

Quantitative Intelligence Analysis

Author: Edward Waltz
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 144223587X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The text explains the model-based method of intelligence analysis that represents the analyst’s mental models of a subject as well as the analyst’s reasoning process. It includes dynamic simulations and interactive analytic games, case studies that illustrate a wide range of intelligence problems, and a recommended curriculum for technical analysts.

Creative Understanding

Author: Roberto Torretti
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226808352
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"A pleasure to read. Gracefully written by a scholar well grounded in the relevant philosophical, historical, and technical background. . . . a helpfully clarifying review and analysis of some issues of importance to recent philosophy of science and a source of some illuminating insights."—Burke Townsend, Philosophy of Science

Causality

Author: Judea Pearl
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139643983
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Written by one of the preeminent researchers in the field, this book provides a comprehensive exposition of modern analysis of causation. It shows how causality has grown from a nebulous concept into a mathematical theory with significant applications in the fields of statistics, artificial intelligence, economics, philosophy, cognitive science, and the health and social sciences. Judea Pearl presents and unifies the probabilistic, manipulative, counterfactual, and structural approaches to causation and devises simple mathematical tools for studying the relationships between causal connections and statistical associations. Cited in more than 2,100 scientific publications, it continues to liberate scientists from the traditional molds of statistical thinking. In this revised edition, Judea Pearl elucidates thorny issues, answers readers' questions, and offers a panoramic view of recent advances in this field of research. Causality will be of interest to students and professionals in a wide variety of fields. Dr Judea Pearl has received the 2011 Rumelhart Prize for his leading research in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and systems from The Cognitive Science Society.

Neuroscience

Author: Alwyn Scott
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387954035
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book will be of interest to anyone who wishes to know what role mathematics can play in attempting to comprehend the dynamics of the human brain. It also aims to serve as a general introduction to neuromathematics. The book gives the reader a qualitative understanding and working knowledge of useful mathematical applications to the field of neuroscience. The book is readable by those who have little knowledge of mathematics for neuroscience but are committed to begin acquiring such knowledge.

The Rise and Fall of Modern Medicine

Author: James Le Fanu M.D.
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465058892
Format: PDF
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The medical achievements of the post-war years rank as one of the supreme epochs of human endeavour. Advances in surgical technique, new ideas about the nature of disease and huge innovations in drug manufacture vanquished most common causes of early death, But, since the mid-1970s the rate of development has slowed, and the future of medicine is uncertain. How has this happened? James Le Fanu's hugely acclaimed survey of the 'twelve definitive moments' of modern medicine and the intellectual vacuum which followed them has been fully revised and updated for this edition. "The rise and fall of modern medicine" is both riveting drama and a clarion call for change.

Morphic Resonance

Author: Rupert Sheldrake
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1594779678
Format: PDF
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New updated and expanded edition of the groundbreaking book that ignited a firestorm in the scientific world with its radical approach to evolution • Explains how past forms and behaviors of organisms determine those of similar organisms in the present through morphic resonance • Reveals the nonmaterial connections that allow direct communication across time and space When A New Science of Life was first published the British journal Nature called it “the best candidate for burning there has been for many years.” The book called into question the prevailing mechanistic theory of life when its author, Rupert Sheldrake, a former research fellow of the Royal Society, proposed that morphogenetic fields are responsible for the characteristic form and organization of systems in biology, chemistry, and physics--and that they have measurable physical effects. Using his theory of morphic resonance, Sheldrake was able to reinterpret the regularities of nature as being more like habits than immutable laws, offering a new understanding of life and consciousness. In the years since its first publication, Sheldrake has continued his research to demonstrate that the past forms and behavior of organisms influence present organisms through direct immaterial connections across time and space. This can explain why new chemicals become easier to crystallize all over the world the more often their crystals have already formed, and why when laboratory rats have learned how to navigate a maze in one place, rats elsewhere appear to learn it more easily. With more than two decades of new research and data, Rupert Sheldrake makes an even stronger case for the validity of the theory of formative causation that can radically transform how we see our world and our future.