Evidential Uncertainty in Causation in Negligence

Author: Gemma Turton
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509900322
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book undertakes an analysis of academic and judicial responses to the problem of evidential uncertainty in causation in negligence. It seeks to bring clarity to what has become a notoriously complex area by adopting a clear approach to the function of the doctrine of causation within a corrective justice-based account of negligence liability. It first explores basic causal models and issues of proof, including the role of statistical and epidemiological evidence, in order to isolate the problem of evidential uncertainty more precisely. Application of Richard Wright's NESS test to a range of English case law shows it to be more comprehensive than the 'but for' test that currently dominates, thereby reducing the need to resort to additional tests, such as the Wardlaw test of material contribution to harm, the scope and meaning of which are uncertain. The book builds on this foundation to explore the solution to a range of problems of evidential uncertainty, focusing on the Fairchild principle and the idea of risk as damage, as well as the notion of loss of a chance in medical negligence which is often seen as analogous with 'increase in risk', in an attempt to bring coherence to this area of the law.

Causation in Negligence

Author: Sarah Green
Publisher: Hart Publishing Limited
ISBN: 9781509905034
Format: PDF, ePub
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Now available in paperback. The principal objective of this book is simple: to provide a timely and effective means of navigating the current maze of case law on causation, in order that the solutions to causal problems might more easily be reached and the law relating to them more easily understood. The need for this has been increasingly evident in recent judgments dealing with causal issues: in particular, it seems to be ever harder to distinguish between the different 'categories' of causation and, consequently, to identify the legal test to be applied on any given set of facts. Causation in Negligence will make such identification easier, both by clarifying the parameters of each category and mapping the current key cases accordingly, and by providing one basic means of analysis which will make the resolution of even the thorniest of causal issues a straightforward process. The causal inquiry in negligence seems to have become a highly complicated and confused area of the law. As this book demonstrates, this is unnecessary and easily remedied. (Series: Hart Studies in Private Law) [Subject: Contract Law, Tort Law, Restitution and Commercial Law]

Proof of Causation in Tort Law

Author: Sandy Steel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107049105
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A clear, critical analysis of proof of causation in the law of tort in England, France and Germany.

Philosophy of Private Law

Author: William Lucy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198700687
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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On what basis does tort law hold us responsible to those who suffer as a result of our carelessness? Why, when we breach our contracts, should we make good the losses of those with whom we contracted? In what sense are our torts and our breaches of contract 'wrongs'? These two branches of private law have for centuries provided philosophers and jurists with grounds for puzzlement. This book provides an outline of, and intervention in, contemporary jurisprudential debates about the natureand foundation of liability in private law. After outlining the realm of the philosophy of private law, the book divides into two. Part I examines the various components of liability responsibility in private law, including the notions of basic responsibility, conduct, causation and wrongfulness. Part II considers arguments purporting to show that private law does and should embody a conception of either distributive or corrective justice or some combination of the two. Throughout the booka number of distinctions - between conceptual and normative argument, between jurisprudential 'theory' and private law 'practice', between legal obligation and moral obligation - are analyzed, the aim being to give students an informed grasp of both the limits and possibilities of the philosophy of private law.

Gerechtigkeit f r Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518780204
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Private Law and the Rule of Law

Author: Lisa M Austin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191045578
Format: PDF, Docs
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The rule of law is widely perceived to be a public law doctrine, concerned with the way in which governmental authority conforms to the dictates of law. The goal of this book is to challenge this presumption. The chapters in this volume all consider the idea that the rule of law concerns the nature of law generally and the conditions under which any relationship - that among citizens as well as that between citizens and the state - becomes subject to law. Addressing two major questions, they ask if our understanding of the rule of law is enriched by considering how and to what degree it is expressed or realized in private law, and whether our understanding of the private law is enriched by adding the principles of the rule of law to the traditional list of core private law concepts. Bringing together leading philosophers of private and public law, this volume examines key questions in a little-explored field, and will be essential reading for all those interested in the rule of law and in private law theory.

Europ isches Vertragsrecht

Author: Reiner Schulze
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft
ISBN: 9783832959548
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Den Kerngebieten des BGB und des HGB liegt heute das Europaische Vertragsrecht zugrunde - vom Verbraucherschutz uber das Kaufrecht bis zum Handelsvertreterrecht. Der Vorschlag der Europaischen Kommission hat zu einer eigenen europaischen Systematik auf diesem Gebiet gefuhrt. Das vorliegende Lehrbuch enthalt erstmals eine Gesamtdarstellung des Europaischen Vertragsrechts und - gibt einen umfassenden Uberblick uber alle Kernbereiche des Vertragsrechts auf europaischer Ebene. - bezieht die aktuellen Entwicklungen hinsichtlich des Vorschlags der Kommission fur ein Gemeinsames Europaisches Kaufrecht mit ein. - erleichtert den Lesern durch den Abdruck der einschlagigen Rechtstexte und Urteilspassagen den Zugang zu dieser noch sehr neuen Materie. - berucksichtigt den Kommissionvorschlag fur das Gemeinsame Europaische Kaufrecht, die neue Verbraucherrechte-Richtlinie und den Entwurf des Gemeinsamen Referenzrahmens.

Cryptocurrencies in Public and Private Law

Author: Professor of Private Law Sarah Green
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198826385
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book examines how cyber-currencies based on blockchain technologies fit into existing general law categories of public and private law. The book takes the common law systems of the United Kingdom as the centre of its study but extends beyond the UK to show how cyber-currencies would be accommodated in some Western European and East Asian legal systems outside the common law tradition. By investigating traditional conceptions of money in public law and private law the work examines the difficulties of fitting cyber-currencies within those approaches and models. Fundamental questions regarding issues of ownership, transfer, conflict of laws, and taxation are addressed with a view to equipping the reader with the tools to answer common transactional questions about cyber-currencies. The international contributor team uses the common law systems of the United Kingdom as a basis for the analysis, but also looks comparatively to other systems across the wider common law and civil law world to provide detailed examination of the legal problems encountered.