Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

Author: Douglas L. Karlen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118676327
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems presents acomprehensive overview of how cellulosic energy crops can besustainably produced and converted to affordable energy throughliquid fuels, heat and electricity. The book begins with an introduction to cellulosic feedstocks,discussing their potential as a large-scale sustainable energysource, and technologies for the production of liquid fuels, heatand electricity. Subsequent chapters examine miscanthus,switchgrass, sugarcane and energy cane, sorghums and crop residues,reviewing their phylogeny, cultural practices, and opportunitiesfor genetic improvement. This is followed by a detailed focus onwoody crops, including eucalyptus, pine, poplar and willow.Critical logistical issues associated with both herbaceous andwoody feedstocks are reviewed, and alternate strategies forharvesting, transporting, and storing cellulosic materials are alsoexamined. The final sectionof the booktackles the challenge ofachieving long-term sustainability, addressing economic,environmental and social factors. Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems is a valuable resourcefor academics, students and industry professionals working in thefield of biomass cultivation and conversion, bioenergy, cropscience and agriculture. Topics covered include: Identifying suitable cellulosic energy crops that are adaptedto a wide range of climates and soils Best management practices for sustainably growing, harvesting,storing, transporting and pre-processing these crops The development of integrated cellulosic energy croppingsystems for supplying commercial processing plants Challenges and opportunities for the long-term sustainabilityof cellulosic energy crops This book was conceived and initiated by David I.Bransby, Professor of Energy and Forage Crops in the Department ofCrop, Soil and Environmental Sciences at Auburn University,USA. For more information on the Wiley Series inRenewable Resources, visit ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/rrs"www.wiley.com/go/rrs/a

Life Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries

Author: Edgard Gnansounou
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444635866
Format: PDF, ePub
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Life-Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries, the sixth and last book in the series on biomass-biorefineries discusses the unprecedented growth and development in the emerging concept of a global bio-based economy in which biomass-based biorefineries have attained center stage for the production of fuels and chemicals. It is envisaged that by 2020 a majority of chemicals currently being produced through a chemical route will be produced via a bio-based route. Agro-industrial residues, municipal solid wastes, and forestry wastes have been considered as the most significant feedstocks for such bio-refineries. However, for the techno-economic success of such biorefineries, it is of prime and utmost importance to understand their lifecycle assessment for various aspects. Provides state-of-art information on the basics and fundamental principles of LCA for biorefineries Contains key features for the education and understanding of integrated biorefineries Presents models that are used to cope with land-use changes and their effects on biorefineries Includes relevant case studies that illustrate main points

Cellulose Nanocrystals

Author: Wadood Y. Hamad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111996816X
Format: PDF
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This book offers a comprehensive overview of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) and the development of advanced materials based on NCC for industrial and medical applications. The contents provide unique information on the physics, chemistry, biology and technology of NCC and NCC-based advanced materials, in addition to detailed coverage of the engineering aspects, addressing the challenges involved in nanomanufacturing on a large industrial scale. Contents include: A detailed treatment of the structure, morphology and synthesis of NCC. The science and engineering of producing NCC and how surface/interface modifications of NCC could lead to developing novel biomaterials with attractive structural and functional properties. The scientific bases for developing NCC-based nanomateials with advanced functionalities for industrial/medical applications. A detailed coverage of the eco-efficient engineering processes and technical modifications required for the potential manufacture of these functional bionanomaterials for applications such as packaging and utilization in heavy industries (e.g., automotives). This book is for audiences in the physical, chemical and biological sciences as well as engineering disciplines. It is of critical interest to industrialists seeking to develop new materials for the advanced industrial economies of the 21st century, ranging from adaptive “smart” packaging materials, to new chiral inorganic materials for pharmaceutical applications, to high-performance nanocomposites for structural applications.

Fuels Chemicals and Materials from the Oceans and Aquatic Sources

Author: Francesca M. Kerton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111911716X
Format: PDF
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Fuels, Chemicals and Materials from the Oceans and Aquatic Sources provides a holistic view of fuels, chemicals and materials from renewable sources in the oceans and other aquatic media. It presents established and recent results regarding the use of water-based biomass, both plants and animals, for value-added applications beyond food. The book begins with an introductory chapter which provides an overview of ocean and aquatic sources for the production of chemicals and materials. Subsequent chapters focus on the use of various ocean bioresources and feedstocks, including microalgae, macroalgae, and waste from aquaculture and fishing industries, including fish oils, crustacean and mollusc shells. Fuels, Chemicals and Materials from the Oceans and Aquatic Sources serves as a valuable reference for academic and industrial professionals working on the production of chemicals, materials and fuels from renewable feedstocks. It will also prove useful for researchers in the fields of green and sustainable chemistry, marine sciences and biotechnology. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs Topics covered include: Production and conversion of green macroalgae Marine macroalgal biomass as an energy feedstock Microalgae bioproduction Bioproduction and utilization of chitin and chitosan Applications of mollusc shells Crude fish oil as a potential fuel

Renewables Based Technology

Author: Jo Dewulf
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470022434
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sustainability is a key driving force for industries in the chemical, food, packaging, agricultural and pharmaceutical sectors, and quantitative sustainability indicators are being incorporated into company reports. This is driving the uptake of renewable resources and the adoption of renewables. Renewables' can either be the substituted raw materials that are used in a given industry, (e.g. the use of biomass for fuel); the use and/or modification of a crop for use in a new industry (e.g. plant cellulose), or the reuse of a waste product (e.g. organic waste for energy production). This is the first book in the Wiley Renewable Resources series that brings together the range of sustainability assessment methods and their uses. Ensuing books in the series will look at individual renewable materials and applications.

Bioprocessing of Renewable Resources to Commodity Bioproducts

Author: Virendra S. Bisaria
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118845331
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book provides the vision of a successful biorefinery—the lignocelluloic biomass needs to be efficiently converted to its constituent monomers, comprising mainly of sugars such as glucose, xylose, mannose and arabinose. Accordingly, the first part of the book deals with aspects crucial for the pretreatment and hydrolysis of biomass to give sugars in high yield, as well as the general aspects of bioprocessing technologies which will enable the development of biorefineries through inputs of metabolic engineering, fermentation, downstream processing and formulation. The second part of the book gives the current status and future directions of the biological processes for production of ethanol (a biofuel as well as an important commodity raw material), solvents (butanol, isobutanol, butanediols, propanediols), organic acids (lactic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, fumaric acid, succinic acid and adipic acid), and amino acid (glutamic acid). The commercial production of some of these commodity bioproducts in the near future will have a far reaching effect in realizing our goal of sustainable conversion of these renewable resources and realizing the concept of biorefinery. Suitable for researchers, practitioners, graduate students and consultants in biochemical/ bioprocess engineering, industrial microbiology, bioprocess technology, metabolic engineering, environmental science and energy, the book offers: Exemplifies the application of metabolic engineering approaches for development of microbial cell factories Provides a unique perspective to the industry about the scientific problems and their possible solutions in making a bioprocess work for commercial production of commodity bioproducts Discusses the processing of renewable resources, such as plant biomass, for mass production of commodity chemicals and liquid fuels to meet our ever- increasing demands Encourages sustainable green technologies for the utilization of renewable resources Offers timely solutions to help address the energy problem as non-renewable fossil oil will soon be unavailable

Biofuels and Bioenergy

Author: John Love
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118350561
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With increased public and scientific attention driven by factors such as oil price spikes, the need for increased energy security, and concerns over greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels, the production of fuels by biological systems is becoming increasingly important as the world seeks to move towards renewable, sustainable energy sources. Biofuels and Bioenergy presents a broad, wide-ranging and informative treatment of biofuels. The book covers historical, economic, industrial, sociological and ecological/environmental perspectives as well as dealing with all the major scientific issues associated with this important topic. With contributions from a range of leading experts covering key aspects, including: • Conventional biofuels. • Basic biology, biochemistry and chemistry of different types and classes of biofuel. • Current research in synthetic biology and GM in the development and exploitation of new biofuel sources. • Aspects relating to ecology and land use, including the fuel v food dilemma. • Sustainability of different types of biofuel. • Ethical aspects of biofuel production. Biofuels and Bioenergy provides students and researchers in biology, chemistry, biochemistry and chemical engineering with an accessible review of this increasingly important subject.

Biorefinery Co Products

Author: Danielle Julie Carrier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470973579
Format: PDF
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In order to successfully compete as a sustainable energy source, the value of biomass must be maximized through the production of valuable co–products in the biorefinery. Specialty chemicals and other biobased products can be extracted from biomass prior to or after the conversion process, thus increasing the overall profitability and sustainability of the biorefinery. Biorefinery Co–Products highlights various co–products that are present in biomass prior to and after processing, describes strategies for their extraction , and presents examples of bioenergy feedstocks that contain high value products. Topics covered include: Bioactive compounds from woody biomass Phytochemicals from sugar cane, citrus waste and algae Valuable products from corn and other oil seed crops Proteins from forages Enhancing the value of existing biomass processing streams Aimed at academic researchers, professionals and specialists in the bioenergy industry, Biorefinery Co–Products is an essential text for all scientists and engineers working on the efficient separation, purification and manufacture of value–added biorefinery co–products. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs