Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels

Author: RunCang Sun
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080932675
Format: PDF
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Materials from renewable resources are receiving increased attention, as leading industries and manufacturers attempt to replace declining petrochemical-based feedstocks with products derived from natural biomass, such as cereal straws. Cereal straws are expected to play an important role in the shift toward a sustainable economy, and a basic knowledge of the composition and structure of cereal straw is the key to using it wisely. Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels: Chemistry, Extractives, Lignins, Hemicelluloses and Cellulose provides an introduction to straw chemistry. Topics discussed include the structure, ultrastructure, and chemical composition of straw; the structure and isolation of extractives from the straw; the three main components of straw: cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignins; and chemical modifications of straw for industrial applications. This book will be helpful to scientists interested in the areas of natural resource management, environmental chemistry, plant chemistry, material science, polysaccharide chemistry, and lignin chemistry. It will also be of interest to academic and industrial scientists/researchers interested in novel applications of agricultural residues for industrial and/or recycling technologies. Provides the basics of straw composition and the structure of its cell walls Details the procedures required to fractionate straw components to produce chemical derivatives from straw cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignins Elucidates new techniques for the production of biodegradable materials for the energy sector, chemical industry, and pulp and paper business

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery

Author: S.I. Mussatto
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128025611
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock-based Biorefinery reviews the extensive research and tremendous scientific and technological developments that have occurred in the area of biorefinering, including industrial processes and product development using ‘green technologies’, often referred as white biotechnology. As there is a huge need for new design concepts for modern biorefineries as an alternative and amendment to industrial crude oil and gas refineries, this book presents the most important topics related to biomass fractionation, including advances, challenges, and perspectives, all with references to current literature for further study. Presented in 26 chapters by international field specialists, each chapter consists of review text that comprises the most recent advances, challenges, and perspectives for each fractionation technique. The book is an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Reviews numerous valuable products from lignocellulose Discusses integration of processes for complete biomass conversion with minimum waste generation Identifies the research gaps in scale-up Presents an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation

Sustainable Energy Technology and Policies

Author: Sudipta De
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811071888
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book presents a state-of-the-art compilation focusing on both technological and policy aspects of sustainable energy production and consumption, which deals with issues like the need for and planning of smart cities, alternative transport fuel options, sustainable power production, pollution control technologies etc. The book comprises contributions from experts from all over the world, and addresses energy sustainability from different viewpoints. Specifically, the book focuses on energy sustainability in the Indian scenario with a background of the global perspective. Contributions from academia, policy makers and industry are included to address the challenge from different perspectives. The contents of this book will prove useful to researchers, professionals, and policy makers working in the area of green and sustainable energy.

Nanotechnology for Bioenergy and Biofuel Production

Author: Mahendra Rai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319454595
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A unique feature of this book is its focus on nanotechnological solutions for the production of bioenergy and biofuels. Coverage includes topics such as nanobiotechnology, microalgae, biofuel cells, biomass pretreatment, and biomass conversion. An international team of experts also addresses the need to precisely characterize nanoparticles and the role of catalysts. The range of topics addressed, together with a chapter on risk management, make this book a highly useful resource for a broad readership including physicists, chemists, microbiologists, biotechnologists, food technologists, agricultural engineers, and nanotechnologists.

Production of Biofuels and Chemicals from Lignin

Author: Zhen Fang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811019657
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book provides state-of-the-art reviews, current research on and the prospects of lignin production, biological, thermal and chemical conversion methods, and lignin technoeconomics. Fundamental topics related to lignin chemistry, properties, analysis, characterization, and depolymerization mechanisms, as well as enzymatic, fungal and bacterial degradation methods are covered. The book also examines practical topics related to technologies for lignin and ultra-pure lignin recovery, activated carbon, carbon fiber production and materials, and addresses the biological conversion of lignin with fungi, bacteria or enzymes to produce chemicals, along with chemical, catalytic, thermochemical and solvolysis conversion methods. Lastly, it presents a case study on practical polyurethane foam production using lignin. Lignin has a bright future and will be an essential feedstock for producing renewable chemicals, biofuels and value-added products. Offering comprehensive information on this promising material, the book represents a valuable resource for students, researchers, academicians and industrialists in the field of biochemistry and energy.

Biomass and agriculture

Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher: Publications de l'OCDE
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Agricultural Biomass is organic material produced directly from agricultural activities, including cereal grains, sugar crops, oilseeds and other arable crops, along with straw, and also livestock by-products, such as manure and animal fat, resulting in the production of bioenergy and biomaterials. This OECD Workshop examines the potential of developing energy and materials produced from the agricultural biomass, that may act as a replacement for fossil fuels. The Workshop discussed whether agriculture could become a valuable source of bioenergy and biomaterials as well as food and fibres. Can the agricultural biomass be integrated into policies of sustainable development? What policies should be developed by governments to expand and develop this market? The Workshop concluded that countries need to weigh the cost and benefits of adopting such an approach, considering the effect on farmers and the environment. That any policy strategies for biomass development should focus on demand, as opposed to supply.