Change of State

Author: Sandra Braman
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026226188X
Format: PDF, Docs
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As the informational state replaces the bureaucratic welfare state, control over information creation, processing, flows, and use has become the most effective form of power. In Change of State Sandra Braman examines the theoretical and practical ramifications of this "change of state." She looks at the ways in which governments are deliberate, explicit, and consistent in their use of information policy to exercise power, exploring not only such familiar topics as intellectual property rights and privacy but also areas in which policy is highly effective but little understood. Such lesser-known issues include hybrid citizenship, the use of "functionally equivalent borders" internally to allow exceptions to U.S. law, research funding, census methods, and network interconnection. Trends in information policy, argues Braman, both manifest and trigger change in the nature of governance itself.After laying the theoretical, conceptual, and historical foundations for understanding the informational state, Braman examines 20 information policy principles found in the U.S Constitution. She then explores the effects of U.S. information policy on the identity, structure, borders, and change processes of the state itself and on the individuals, communities, and organizations that make up the state. Looking across the breadth of the legal system, she presents current law as well as trends in and consequences of several information policy issues in each category affected.Change of State introduces information policy on two levels, coupling discussions of specific contemporary problems with more abstract analysis drawing on social theory and empirical research as well as law. Most important, the book provides a way of understanding how information policy brings about the fundamental social changes that come with the transformation to the informational state.

Globale Medien und Kommunikationspolitik

Author: Simon Berghofer
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 384528322X
Format: PDF
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In einer zunehmend kommunikativ vernetzten Welt gewinnen auch die Regeln für grenzüberschreitende Kommunikation an politischer und gesellschaftlicher Bedeutung. Der Autor konzeptualisiert Globale Medien- und Kommunikationspolitik erstmalig umfassend aus kommunikationswissenschaftlicher Perspektive und gibt einen umfassenden Einblick in die Herausbildung und den Wandel des über 150 Jahre alten Politikfeldes. Die Analyse zeigt, dass sich kommunikationspolitische Entscheidungen auf globaler Ebene seit jeher in einem Spannungsverhältnis zwischen technischen, ökonomischen, kulturellen und sicherheitspolitischen Ansprüchen bewegen, und exemplifiziert die Befunde am Beispiel der ITU. Das Buch bietet einen literaturgesättigten Überblick und entwickelt zugleich eine fundierte theoretisch-konzeptionelle Perspektive auf das Politikfeld. Dadurch eignet es sich gleichermaßen als Grundlagenwerk für Studierende und Lehrende sowie für Forschende, die sich mit Fragen der Kommunikations- und Medienpolitik beschäftigen.

Encyclopedia of Archival Science

Author: Luciana Duranti
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0810888114
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Here is the first-ever comprehensive guide to archival principles and practices. Encyclopedia of Archival Science features 130 entries which cover every aspect of the profession. These entries range from the traditional basics (like appraisal and provenance) to today’s necessities (digitization and digital curation).

Algorithmuskulturen

Author: Robert Seyfert
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3732838005
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Hochfrequenzhandel, Google-Ranking, Filterbubble - nur drei aktuelle Beispiele der Wirkmacht von Algorithmen. Der Band versammelt Beiträge, die sich mit dem historischen Auftauchen und der mittlerweile allgegenwärtigen Verbreitung von Algorithmen in verschiedenen Bereichen des sozialen Lebens beschäftigen. Sie nehmen die Wechselbeziehungen algorithmischer und nicht-algorithmischer Akteure und deren Bedeutungen für unseren Alltag und unsere Sozialbeziehungen in den Blick und gehen den Mechanismen nach, mit denen Algorithmen - selbst Produkte eines spezifischen Weltzugangs - die Wirklichkeit rahmen, während sie zugleich die Art und Weise organisieren, wie Menschen über Gesellschaft denken. Die Beiträge beinhalten Fallstudien zu Sozialen Medien, Werbung und Bewertung, aber auch zu mobilen Sicherheitsinfrastrukturen wie z.B. Drohnen.

Information Services Today

Author: Sandra Hirsh
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 144223959X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is an essential overview of what it means to be a library and information professional. Hirsh provides a broad overview of the transformation of libraries as information organizations, why these organizations are more important today than ever before, and the various career opportunities available for information professionals.

Internationalizing Media Studies

Author: Daya Kishan Thussu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134050232
Format: PDF, Docs
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The explosion of transnational information flows, made possible by new technologies and institutional changes (economic, political and legal) has profoundly affected the study of global media. At the same time, the globalization of media combined with the globalization of higher education means that the research and teaching of the subject faces immediate and profound challenges, not only as the subject of enquiry but also as the means by which researchers and students undertake their studies. Edited by a leading scholar of global communication, this collection of essays by internationally-acclaimed scholars from around the world aims to stimulate a debate about the imperatives for internationalizing media studies by broadening its remit, including innovative research methodologies, taking account of regional and national specificities and pedagogic necessities warranted by the changing profile of students and researchers and the unprecedented growth of media in the non-Western world. Transnational in its perspectives, Internationalizing Media Studies is a much-needed guide to the internationalization of media and its study in a global context.

The New Global Law

Author: Rafael Domingo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139485946
Format: PDF
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The dislocations of the worldwide economic crisis, the necessity of a system of global justice to address crimes against humanity, and the notorious 'democratic deficit' of international institutions highlight the need for an innovative and truly global legal system, one that permits humanity to re-order itself according to acknowledged global needs and evolving consciousness. A new global law will constitute, by itself, a genuine legal order and will not be limited to a handful of moral principles that attempt to guide the conduct of the world's peoples. If the law of nations served the hegemonic interests of Ancient Rome, and international law served those of the European nation-state, then a new global law will contribute to the common good of all humanity and, ideally, to the development of durable world peace. This volume offers a historical-juridical foundation for the development of this new global law.

Media Convergence

Author: Klaus Bruhn Jensen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136997881
Format: PDF, ePub
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The development of digital media presents a unique opportunity to reconsider what communication is, and what individuals, groups, and societies might hope to accomplish through new as well as old media. At a time when digital media still provoke both utopian and dystopian views of their likely consequences, Klaus Bruhn Jensen places these ‘new’ media in a comparative perspective together with ‘old’ mass media and face-to-face communication, restating the two classic questions of media studies: what do media do to people, and what do people do with media? Media Convergence makes a distinction between three general types of media: the human body enabling communication in the flesh; the technically reproduced means of mass communication; and the digital technologies facilitating interaction one-to-one, one-to-many, as well as many-to-many. Features include: case studies, including mobile phones in everyday life, the Muhammad cartoons controversy and climate change as a global challenge for human communication and political action diagrams, figures, and tables summarizing key concepts beyond standard ‘models of communication’ systematic cross-referencing. Major terms are highlighted and cross-referenced throughout, with key concepts defined in margin notes.

Making Virtual Worlds

Author: Thomas M. Malaby
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801457750
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The past decade has seen phenomenal growth in the development and use of virtual worlds. In one of the most notable, Second Life, millions of people have created online avatars in order to play games, take classes, socialize, and conduct business transactions. Second Life offers a gathering point and the tools for people to create a new world online. Too often neglected in popular and scholarly accounts of such groundbreaking new environments is the simple truth that, of necessity, such virtual worlds emerge from physical workplaces marked by negotiation, creation, and constant change. Thomas Malaby spent a year at Linden Lab, the real-world home of Second Life, observing those who develop and profit from the sprawling, self-generating system they have created. Some of the challenges created by Second Life for its developers were of a very traditional nature, such as how to cope with a business that is growing more quickly than existing staff can handle. Others are seemingly new: How, for instance, does one regulate something that is supposed to run on its own? Is it possible simply to create a space for people to use and then not govern its use? Can one apply these same free-range/free-market principles to the office environment in which the game is produced? "Lindens"-as the Linden Lab employees call themselves-found that their efforts to prompt user behavior of one sort or another were fraught with complexities, as a number of ongoing processes collided with their own interventions. Malaby thoughtfully describes the world of Linden Lab and the challenges faced while he was conducting his in-depth ethnographic research there. He shows how the workers of a very young but quickly growing company were themselves caught up in ideas about technology, games, and organizations, and struggled to manage not only their virtual world but also themselves in a nonhierarchical fashion. In exploring the practices the Lindens employed, he questions what was at stake in their virtual world, what a game really is (and how people participate), and the role of the unexpected in a product like Second Life and an organization like Linden Lab.

Media and Sovereignty

Author: Monroe E. Price
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262661867
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A study of the relationship between international media regulations and efforts by nation-states to assert sovereignty and shape media at home and abroad.