Charging the Internal Combustion Engine

Author: Hermann Hiereth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211471138
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book covers all aspects of supercharging internal combustion engines. It details charging systems and components, the theoretical basic relations between engines and charging systems, as well as layout and evaluation criteria for best interaction. Coverage also describes recent experiences in design and development of supercharging systems, improved graphical presentations, and most advanced calculation and simulation tools.

Aufladung der Verbrennungskraftmaschine

Author: Hermann Hiereth
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3709106508
Format: PDF, Docs
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Das Buch behandelt die Aufladung der Kolben-Verbrennungskraftmaschine. Dabei wird auf die Aufladegeräte und -systeme selbst, die theoretischen Zusammenhänge des Zusammenwirkens Motor und Auflade-Systeme sowie schlussendlich auf die Kriterien des Zusammenwirkens dieser System-Kombination – unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Betriebsverhaltens – eingegangen. Es werden neue Erkenntnisse bei der Entwicklung und Adaption von Aufladesystemen, neue Darstellungsformen sowie die heute angewandten Berechnungs- und Simulationsverfahren vorgestellt, mit Beispielen erläutert und bewertet. Einen Schwerpunkt bildet das Betriebs- und Regelverhalten aufgeladener Verbrennungsmotoren in den verschiedenen Anwendungs- bzw. Einsatzgebieten. Eine Reihe ausgewählter Anwendungsbeispiele sowie ein Ausblick auf mögliche Weiterentwicklungen des Systems "Auflade-Motor" beschließen die Abhandlung.

17 Internationales Stuttgarter Symposium

Author: Michael Bargende
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658169885
Format: PDF, ePub
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Die Anforderungen an Forschung und Entwicklung in der Automobilindustrie ändern sich kontinuierlich. Hersteller und Zulieferer müssen einerseits globale Lösungen entwickeln, andererseits aber Kundenbedürfnisse und legislative Vorgaben einzelner Märkte berücksichtigen. Selbst bei der Emissionsgesetzgebung herrscht alles andere als globale Einigkeit. In Europa wird ab September 2017 die Messung der "real-driving emissions" (RDE) eingeführt. Damit wird die Bewertung der Schadstoffemissionen vom Prüfstand auf die Straße verlagert, mit umfassenden Konsequenzen für die Antriebsentwicklung. Zudem wird in verschiedenen Weltregionen die lokale Einführung von Zonen mit schadstoffemissionsfreiem Verkehr gefordert. Überlagert wird all dies durch die laufende Absenkung der CO2-Grenzwerte für die Fahrzeugflotten. Alle Weltregionen haben hier unterschiedliche Absenkungsschritte definiert. Dies alles wird noch getoppt von steigenden Ansprüchen an Komfort und Emotionalität des Automobils. Wie reagiert nun die Automobilindustrie im Spannungsfeld zwischen zunehmender Globalisierung und möglichst global zu vermarktender Produkte auf der einen Seite und den neuen, von Regionen abhängigen Anforderungen an das Fahrzeug und der dazugehörigen Variantenvielfalt auf der anderen Seite? Welche technischen Konsequenzen ergeben sich hieraus? Darüber und über vieles mehr werden Experten aus Industrie und Wissenschaft beim Symposium berichten.

Solving the Powertrain Puzzle

Author: Schaeffler Technologies GmbH & Co. KG
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658064307
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Every four years, Schaeffler provides an insight into its latest developments and technologies from the engine, transmission and chassis as well as hybridization and electric mobility sectors. In 2014 the Schaeffler Symposium with the motto “Solving the Powertrain Puzzle” took place from 3th to 4th of April in Baden-Baden. Mobility for tomorrow is the central theme of this proceeding. The authors are discussing the different requirements, which are placed on mobility in different regions of the world. In addition to the company's work in research and development, a comprehensive in-house mobility study also provides a reliable basis for the discussion. The authors are convinced that there will be a paradigm shift in the automotive industry. Issues such as increasing efficiency and advancing electrification of the powertrain, automatic and semi-automatic driving, as well as integration in information networks will define the automotive future. In addition, the variety of solutions available worldwide will become increasingly more complex and mobility patterns will also change rapidly. However, this does not mean that cars will drive virtually in the future. Powertrains based on internal combustion engines will still dominate for a very long time and demonstrate new strengths in combination with hybrid drives. Transmissions will also gain in importance as the link between the internal combustion engine and electric motor. The proceeding “Solving the Powertrain Puzzle” contains 34 technical papers from renowned experts and researchers in the field of automotive engineering.

15 Internationales Stuttgarter Symposium

Author: Michael Bargende
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658088443
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Das Mobilitätsverhalten in unserer Gesellschaft wandelt sich und mit ihm die Anforderungen an das Kraftfahrzeug. In Zeiten von Klimawandel durch steigende Luftverschmutzung, Verknappung und Verteuerung fossiler Energien aber auch zunehmender Digitalisierung verändern sich die aktuellen Fahrzeugkonzepte und entwickeln sich weiter. Das Auto der Zukunft muss sparsam, umweltfreundlich, sicher, komfortabel, digital vernetzt und automatisiert sein. Gleichzeitig soll es das Bedürfnis nach Individualität erfüllen, den Fahrer emotional ansprechen und so den Reiz erzeugen, das Fahrzeug sein Eigen nennen zu wollen. Dies ist ein Balanceakt, der die Automobilindustrie vor sehr große Herausforderungen stellt.

Electric Powertrain

Author: John G. Hayes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119063663
Format: PDF
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The why, what and how of the electric vehicle powertrain Empowers engineering professionals and students with the knowledge and skills required to engineer electric vehicle powertrain architectures, energy storage systems, power electronics converters and electric drives. The modern electric powertrain is relatively new for the automotive industry, and engineers are challenged with designing affordable, efficient and high-performance electric powertrains as the industry undergoes a technological evolution. Co-authored by two electric vehicle (EV) engineers with decades of experience designing and putting into production all of the powertrain technologies presented, this book provides readers with the hands-on knowledge, skills and expertise they need to rise to that challenge. This four-part practical guide provides a comprehensive review of battery, hybrid and fuel cell EV systems and the associated energy sources, power electronics, machines, and drives. The first part of the book begins with a historical overview of electromobility and the related environmental impacts motivating the development of the electric powertrain. Vehicular requirements for electromechanical propulsion are then presented. Battery electric vehicles (BEV), fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), and conventional and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are then described, contrasted and compared for vehicle propulsion. The second part of the book features in-depth analysis of the electric powertrain traction machines, with a particular focus on the induction machine and the surface- and interior-permanent magnet ac machines. The brushed dc machine is also considered due to its ease of operation and understanding, and its historical place, especially as the traction machine on NASA’s Mars rovers. The third part of the book features the theory and applications for the propulsion, charging, accessory, and auxiliary power electronics converters. Chapters are presented on isolated and non-isolated dc-dc converters, traction inverters, and battery charging. The fourth part presents the introductory and applied electromagnetism required as a foundation throughout the book. • Introduces and holistically integrates the key EV powertrain technologies. • Provides a comprehensive overview of existing and emerging automotive solutions. • Provides experience-based expertise for vehicular and powertrain system and sub-system level study, design, and optimization. • Presents many examples of powertrain technologies from leading manufacturers. • Discusses the dc traction machines of the Mars rovers, the ultimate EVs from NASA. • Investigates the environmental motivating factors and impacts of electromobility. • Presents a structured university teaching stream from introductory undergraduate to postgraduate. • Includes real-world problems and assignments of use to design engineers, researchers, and students alike. • Features a companion website with numerous references, problems, solutions, and practical assignments. • Includes introductory material throughout the book for the general scientific reader. • Contains essential reading for government regulators and policy makers. Electric Powertrain: Energy Systems, Power Electronics and Drives for Hybrid, Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles is an important professional resource for practitioners and researchers in the battery, hybrid, and fuel cell EV transportation industry. The book is a structured holistic textbook for the teaching of the fundamental theories and applications of energy sources, power electronics, and electric machines and drives to engineering undergraduate and postgraduate students. Textbook Structure and Suggested Teaching Curriculum This is primarily an engineering textbook covering the automotive powertrain, energy storage and energy conversion, power electronics, and electrical machines. A significant additional focus is placed on the engineering design, the energy for transportation, and the related environmental impacts. This textbook is an educational tool for practicing engineers and others, such as transportation policy planners and regulators. The modern automobile is used as the vehicle upon which to base the theory and applications, which makes the book a useful educational reference for our industry colleagues, from chemists to engineers. This material is also written to be of interest to the general reader, who may have little or no interest in the power electronics and machines. Introductory science, mathematics, and an inquiring mind suffice for some chapters. The general reader can read the introduction to each of the chapters and move to the next as soon as the material gets too advanced for him or her. Part I Vehicles and Energy Sources Chapter 1 Electromobility and the Environment Chapter 2 Vehicle Dynamics Chapter 3 Batteries Chapter 4 Fuel Cells Chapter 5 Conventional and Hybrid Powertrains Part II Electrical Machines Chapter 6 Introduction to Traction Machines Chapter 7 The Brushed DC Machine Chapter 8 Induction Machines Chapter 9 Surface-permanent-magnet AC Machines Chapter 10: Interior-permanent-magnet AC Machines Part III Power Electronics Chapter 11 DC-DC Converters Chapter 12 Isolated DC-DC Converters Chapter 13 Traction Drives and Three-phase Inverters Chapter 14 Battery Charging Chapter 15 Control of the Electric Drive Part IV Basics Chapter 16 Introduction to Electromagnetism, Ferromagnetism, and Electromechanical Energy Conversion The first third of the book (Chapters 1 to 6), plus parts of Chapters 14 and 16, can be taught to the general science or engineering student in the second or third year. It covers the introductory automotive material using basic concepts from mechanical, electrical, environmental, and electrochemical engineering. Chapter 14 on electrical charging and Chapter 16 on electromagnetism can also be used as a general introduction to electrical engineering. The basics of electromagnetism, ferromagnetism and electromechanical energy conversion (Chapter 16) and dc machines (Chapter 7) can be taught to second year (sophomore) engineering students who have completed introductory electrical circuits and physics. The third year (junior) students typically have covered ac circuit analysis, and so they can cover ac machines, such as the induction machine (Chapter 8) and the surface permanent-magnet ac machine (Chapter 9). As the students typically have studied control theory, they can investigate the control of the speed and torque loops of the motor drive (Chapter 15). Power electronics, featuring non-isolated buck and boost converters (Chapter 11), can also be introduced in the third year. The final-year (senior) students can then go on to cover the more advanced technologies of the interior-permanent-magnet ac machine (Chapter 10). Isolated power converters (Chapter 12), such as the full-bridge and resonant converters, inverters (Chapter 13), and power-factor-corrected battery chargers (Chapter 14), are covered in the power electronics section. This material can also be covered at the introductory postgraduate level. Various homework, simulation, and research exercises are presented throughout the textbook. The reader is encouraged to attempt these exercises as part of the learning experience. Instructors are encouraged to contact the author, John Hayes, direct to discuss course content or structure.

Internal Combustion Engine Handbook

Author: Richard Van Basshuysen
Publisher: SAE
ISBN: 9780768011395
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Thorough in its presentation, this essential resource illustrates the latest level of knowledge in engine development, paying particular attention to the presentation of theory and practice in a balanced ratio. Almost 950 pages in length - with 1,250 illustrations and nearly 700 bibliographical references - the Internal Combustion Engine Handbook covers all of this component's complexities, including an insightful look into the internal combustion engine's future viability.

Plug in Vehicles Plugged in Policy

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Transport Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215048516
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Consumer demand for plug-in vehicles remains very low and the Government grant to encourage demand may not be proving effective. The Government must do more to show that its plug-in vehicle strategy is a good use of public money. Carbon emissions from transport must be reduced if the UK is to meet its climate change targets, but public money must be targeted on effective policies. So far, Department for Transport expenditure on plug-in cars - some £11 million - has benefited just a handful of motorists. There is a risk that the Government is basically subsidising second cars for affluent households. It is also unclear whether the provision of public charging infrastructure encourages demand for plug-in cars. Indeed, the Government does not even have a register of all the chargepoints installed at public expense