Global Environment

Author: Elizabeth Kay Berner
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691136785
Format: PDF, Docs
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Discusses the major elements of the geochemical cycles and global fluxes found in the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, as well as the human effects on these fluxes. This book offers presentation of major advances in the study of chemical weathering. It provides global coverage of environmental problems involving water.

The Natural Environment and the Biogeochemical Cycles

Author:
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540385975
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Environmental Chemistry is a relatively young science. loteTest in this subject, however, is growing very rapidly and, although no agreement has been reached as yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there appears to be increasing interest in seeing environmental topies which are based on chemistry embodied in this subject. One of the first objectives of Environmental Chemistry must be the study of the environment and of natural chemieal processes which occur in the environment. A major purpose of this series on Environmental Chemistry, therefore, is to present a reasonably uniform view of various aspects of the chemistry of the environment and chemical reactions occurring in the environment. The industrial activities of man have given a new dimension to Environmental Chemistry. We have now synthesized and described over five million chemical compounds and chemical industry produces about hundred and fifty million tons of synthetic chemicals annually. We ship billions of tons of oil per year and through mining operations and other geophysieal modifications, large quantities of inorganic and organic materials are released from their natural deposits. Cities and metropolitan areas of up to 15 million inhabitants produce targe quantities of waste in relatively small and confined areas. Much of the chemical products and waste products of modern society are released into the environment either during production, storage, transport, use or ultimate disposal. These released materials participate in natural cycles and reactions and frequently lead to interference and disturbance of natural systems.

The Natural Environment and the Biogeochemical Cycles

Author: Otto Hutzinger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662249405
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Environmental Chemistry is a relatively young science. Interest in this subject, however, is growing very rapidly and, although no agreement has been reached as yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there appears to be increasing interest in seeing environmental topics which are based on chemistry embodied in this subject. One of the first objectives of Environmental Chemistry must be the study of the environment and of natural chemical processes which occur in the environment. A major purpose of this series on Environmental Chemistry, therefore, is to present a reasonably uniform view of various aspects of the chemistry of the environ ment and chemical reactions occurring in the environment. The industrial activities of man have given a new dimension to Environ mental Chemistry. We have now synthesized and described over 'five million chemical compounds and chemical industry produces about hundred and fifty million tons of synthetic chemicals annually. We ship billions of tons of oil per year and through mining operations and other geophysical modifications, large quantities of inorganic and organic materials are released from their natural deposits. Cities and metropolitan areas of up to 15 million inhabitants produce large quantities of waste in relatively small and confined areas. Much of the chemical products and waste products of modern society are released into the environment either during production, storage, transport, use or ultimate disposal. These released materials participate in natural cycles and reactions and frequently lead to interference and disturbance of natural systems.

Biogeochemical Cycles in Globalization and Sustainable Development

Author: Vladimir F. Krapivin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540754407
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents a new approach to the study of global environmental changes that have unfavorable implications for people and other living systems. The book benefits from the accumulation of knowledge from different sciences. Basic global problems of the nature-society system dynamics are considered. The book aims to develop a universal information technology to estimate the state of environmental subsystems functioning under various climatic and anthropogenic conditions.

Environmental Chemistry in Society

Author: James M. Beard
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420080261
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Taking a nonmathematical approach to the material, Environmental Chemistry in Society presents the chemistry of the environment in a way accessible to students who have little or no science background. It relates the fundamentals of chemistry to contemporary environmental issues. Shows the Relevance of Chemistry in the Environment Requiring no prior experience within the field, the text first supplies all the background information necessary to grasp the issues explored in later chapters. It reviews the laws of thermodynamics and conservation of matter; basic chemistry concepts, such as chemical bonding, acid–base theory, and oxidation–reduction; carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur cycles; and modern environmental toxicology topics, such as organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, and endocrine toxins. The author then focuses on current environmental issues, including energy conservation, smog, indoor air contaminates, global warming, ozone depletion, water shortages and pollution, and solid and hazardous wastes. Presenting ways to combat these problems, he explores hydrogen fuel cells, catalytic converters, the phase out of chlorofluorocarbons, and desalinization.

Ice Core Studies of Global Biogeochemical Cycles

Author: Robert J. Delmas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642511724
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The analysis of polar ice cores has proven to be very instructive about past environmental conditions on the time scale of several climatic cycles, and recent drilling operations have provided information of great value for global change issues. The book presents the most recent data extracted from Greenland ice cores and surface experiments and compares them with former Antarctic results. It contains background articles, original contributions and group reports of interest to scientists, climatologists, atmospheric chemists, and glaciologists involved in global change research.