Chemistry of Energetic Materials

Author: George A. Olah
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323138071
Format: PDF
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The study of energetic materials is emerging from one primarily directed toward practical interests to an advanced area of fundamental research, where state-of-the-art methods and theory are used side by side with modern synthetic methods. This timely book integrates the recent experimental, synthetic, and theoretical research of energetic materials. Editors George Olah and David Squire emphasize the importance of structure and mechanism in determining properties and performances. They also explore new spectrometric methods and synthetic approaches in this useful reference. Discusses structural analysis by x-ray crystallography Explains chemical dynamics by photofragmentation translational spectroscopy Covers kinetic analysis by ultrafast absorption and emission spectroscopy Details syntheses of polycyclic caged amines, fuel additives, and polynitro compounds Examines computer-aided design of monopropellants Includes contributions by two Nobel laureates and five members of the National Academy of Sciences

Decomposition combustion and detonation chemistry of energetic materials

Author: Thomas B. Brill
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781558993211
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Energetic materials are distinguished from other materials primarily by the fact that rapid, exothermic reactions can be induced with the release of gaseous products. This complex phenomenon cuts across many boundaries of chemistry (synthesis, kinetics, thermodynamics, spectroscopy, quantum and molecular dynamics calculations, etc.) and engineering physics (shock and detonation waves, hydrodynamics, fracture and solid mechanics, defects, etc.). This volume offers the latest chemistry advancements in understanding the complex dynamic processes in these materials in the condensed phase. The focus is on fundamental research into the rates and pathways of rapid exothermic reactions, product specification, diagnostic methods, molecular processes of energy transfer, and molecular processes at extreme pressure and temperature. Many novel materials are discussed.

Chemie der hochenergetischen Materialien

Author: Thomas M. Klapötke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110214873
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This reference work treats the basic chemistry of high energy materials and offers an overview of current research. Both civilian and military uses of high-energy compounds are presented.

Energetic Materials

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080530918
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume provides an overview of current research and recent advances in the area of energetic materials, focusing on explosives and propellants. The contents and format reflect the fact that theory, experiment and computation are closely linked in this field. The challenge of developing energetic materials that are less sensitive to accidental stimuli continues to be of critical importance. This volume opens with discussions of some determinants of sensitivity and its correlations with various molecular and crystal properties. The next several chapters deal in considerable detail with different aspects and mechanisms of the initiation of detonation, and its quantitative description. The second half of this volume focuses upon combustion. Extensive studies model ignition and combustion, with applications to different propellants. The final chapter is an exhaustive computational treatment of the mechanism and kinetics of combustion initiation reactions of ammonium perchlorate. Overall, this volume illustrates the progress that has been made in the field of energetic materials and some of the areas of current activity. It also indicates the challenges involved in characterizing and understanding the properties and behaviour of these compounds. The work is a unique state-of-the-art treatment of the subject, written by pre-eminent researchers in the field. - Overall emphasis is on theory and computation, presented in the context of relevant experimental work - Presents a unique state-of-the-art treatment of the subject - Contributors are preeminent researchers in the field

Chemistry and Physics of Energetic Materials

Author: S.N. Bulusu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400920350
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book represents a collection of lectures presented at the NATO Advanced study Institute(ASI) on "Chemistry & Physics of the Molecular Processes in Energetic Materials", held at Hotel Torre Normanna, Altavilla Milicia, Sicily, Italy, September 3 to 15, 1989. The institute was attended by seventy participants including twenty lecturers, drawn from thirteen countries. The purpose of the institute was to review the major ad vances made in recent years in the theoretical and experi mental aspects of explosives and propellants. In accordance with the format of the NATO ASI, it was arranged to have a relatively small number of speakers to present in depth, re view type lectures emphasizing the basic research aspects of the subject, over a two week period. Most of the speakers gave two lectures, each in excess of one hour with addition al time for discussions. The scope of the meeting was limit ed to molecular and spectroscopic studies since the hydro dynamic aspects of detonation and various performance crite ria of energetic materials are often covered adequately in other international meetings. An attempt was made to have a coherent presentation of various theoretical, computational and spectroscopic approaches to help a better understanding of energetic materials from a molecular point of view. The progress already made in these areas is such that structure property (e. g.

Energetic Materials

Author: Veera Boddu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439835142
Format: PDF
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The development, processing, and lifecycle environmental impact analysis of energetic materials all pose various challenges and potential dangers. Because safety concerns severely limit study of these substances at most research facilities, engineers will especially appreciate a tool that strengthens understanding of the chemistry and physics involved and helps them better predict how these materials will behave when used in explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, and other applications. Integrate Cutting-Edge Research Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense Energetic Materials: Thermophysical Properties, Predictions, and Experimental Measurements covers a variety of advanced empirical modeling and simulation tools used to explore development, performance, sensitivity, and lifecycle issues of energetic materials. Focusing on a critical component of energetic materials research— prediction of thermophysical properties—this book elucidates innovative and experimental techniques being used to: Apply molecular and meso-scale modeling methodologies to measure reactivity, performance, and properties of new energetic materials Gain insight into shear initiation at the particulate level Better understand the fate, transport, and overall environmental impact of energetic materials Evaluate the performance of new materials and assess their reaction mechanisms Edited by two respected U.S. Army engineers, this book highlights cutting-edge research from leaders in the energetics community. Documenting the history, applications, and environmental behavior of energetic materials, this reference is a valuable resource for anyone working to optimize their massive potential—either now or in the future.

Metal Fluorocarbon Based Energetic Materials

Author: Ernst-Christian Koch
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527644199
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This exciting new book details all aspects of a major class of pyrolants and elucidates the progress that has been made in the field, covering both the chemistry and applications of these coompounds. Written by a pre-eminent authority on the subject from the NATO Munitions Safety Information Analysis Center (MSIAC), it begins with a historical overview of the development of these materials, followed by a thorough discussion of their ignition, combustion and radiative properties. The next section explores the multiple facets of their military and civilian applications, as well as industrial synthetic techniques. The critical importance of the associated hazards, namely sensitivity, stability and aging, are discussed in detail, and the book is rounded off by an examination of the future of this vital and expanding field. The result is a complete guide to the chemistry, manufacture, applications and required safety precautions of pyrolants for both the military and chemical industries. From the preface: "... This book fills a void in the collection of pyrotechnic literature... it will make an excellent reference book that all researchers of pyrolants and energetics must have..." Dr. Bernard E. Douda, Dr. Sara Pliskin, NAVSEA Crane, IN, USA

Energetic Materials Research Applications and New Technologies

Author: Goncalves, Rene Francisco Boschi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522529047
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the last decade, there has been an influx in the development of new technologies for deep space exploration. Countries all around the world are investing in resources to create advanced energetic materials and propulsion systems for their aerospace initiatives. Energetic Materials Research, Applications, and New Technologies is an essential reference source of the latest research in aerospace engineering and its application in space exploration. Featuring comprehensive coverage across a range of related topics, such as molecular dynamics, rocket engine models, propellants and explosives, and quantum chemistry calculations, this book is an ideal reference source for academicians, researchers, advanced-level students, and technology developers seeking innovative research in aerospace engineering.

Energetic Materials

Author: Jake R. Howell
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781608762675
Format: PDF, Docs
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Energetic materials including propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics are chemical compounds or mixtures that store significant quantities of energy. Nano energetic materials (nEMs) have the potentials of improved performance in terms of energy release, ignition, and mechanical properties compared to their bulk counterpart or microcounterpart. In this book, by comparing with traditional energetic materials, advantages of nEMs are first shown and explained. The characterization, modeling, and application of nEMs are also introduced, and the different approaches to the synthesis of nEMs are presented in detail. In addition, Remote Explosive Scent Tracing (REST) is a strategy adopted to detect landmines and/or unexploded ordinances (UXOs) by taking samples of air/dust/soil from suspected areas and presenting to animal detectors (dogs and rats) in remote laboratories. A critical review of the methods that have been used so far to extract explosive compounds from soil samples are presented. The methods are broadly classified into laboratory extractions and on-site analysis extractions. Moreover, this book focuses on the use of oxide semiconductors system combining organic dyes for the direct photo-splitting water for hydrogen generation. The topics covered include three main approaches in addressing the problems of efficiency, durability, and cost of water photolysis. The challenges facing in realizing highly efficient and durable photolytic system are also presented and possible solutions have been explicited. Other chapters review the use of dinitrogen pentoxide as an environmentally-friendly nitrating agents and brings the coverage of this topic up to date. Laser initiation of energetic materials is also explored, as well as the production, handling and use of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), one of the most heavily produced chemical compounds in the 20th century.