Chile s Political Culture and Parties

Author: Larissa Adler de Lomnitz
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume examines Chile's political culture by considering its origin and the persistence of its grammar, which the authors define as the ability of each member of society to function within social categories and rules. This grammar, they believe, is what gives character to national culture.

Incomplete Democracy

Author: Manuel Antonio Garretón
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 080786157X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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One of Latin America's leading sociologists, Manuel Antonio Garreton explores contemporary challenges to democratization in Latin America in this work originally published in Spanish in 1995. He pays particular attention to the example of Chile, analyzing the country's return to democracy and its hopes for continued prosperity following the 1973 coup that overthrew democratically elected president Salvador Allende. Garreton contends that the period of democratic crisis and authoritarian rule that characterized much of Latin America in the 1960s and 1970s was symptomatic of a larger breakdown in the way society and government worked. A new era emerged in Chile at the end of the twentieth century, Garreton argues--an era that partakes of the great changes afoot in the larger world. This edition updates Garreton's analysis of developments in Chile, considering the administration of current president Ricardo Lagos. The author concludes with an exploration of future prospects for democracy in Latin America.

Poverty and Democracy

Author: Dirk Berg-Schlosser
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842772058
Format: PDF
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This book addresses problems of poverty and democratization, and their possible interactions. Its focus lies on marginalized populations within large cities of ‘Third World’ countries, where these problems have become most crystallized in a spatial sense. Based on field research from Brazil, Chile, Ivory Coast, and Kenya, the book focuses on the national and local contexts and the concrete forms of social structure, interest organization, political culture, and political participation in these cities, countries, and continents.

Television Democracy and the Mediatization of Chilean Politics

Author: Harry L. Simón Salazar
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498559557
Format: PDF, ePub
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After seventeen years as dictator of Chile, in 1990 Augusto Pinochet ceremoniously handed the presidential sash to the leader of his legal opposition to formalize the peaceful transition to civilian rule in that country. Among the many idiosyncrasies of this extraordinary transfer of political power, the most memorable is the month-long, nationally televised campaign of uncensored political advertising known as the Franja de Propaganda Electoral—the “Official Space for Electoral Propaganda.” Produced by Pinochet’s supporters and the legal opposition, the 1988 Franja campaign set out to encourage voters to participate in a plebiscite that would define the democratic future of Chile. Harry L. Simón Salazar presents a valuable historical account, new empirical research, and a unique theoretical analysis of the televised Franja campaign to examine how it helped the Chilean people reconcile the irreconcilable and stabilize a contradictory relationship between what was politically implausible and what was represented as true and viable in a space of mediated political culture. This contribution to the field of political communication research will be useful for scholars, students, and a general public interested in Latin American history and democracy, as well as researchers of media, communication theory, and cultural studies. Television, Democracy, and the Mediatization of Chilean Politics also helps inform a more critical understanding of contemporary hyper-mediated political movements such as the Arab Spring, Occupy Wall Street, Black Lives Matter, and the particularly germane phenomenon of Trumpism.

Contesting Legitimacy in Chile

Author: Gwynn Thomas
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271048484
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Examines the role in Chilean politics during the 1970s and 1980s of cultural beliefs and values surrounding the family. Draws on election propaganda, political speeches, press releases, public service campaigns, magazines, newspaper articles, and televised political advertisements"--Provided by publisher.

Gendered Compromises

Author: Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807860956
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With this book, Karin Rosemblatt presents a gendered history of the politics and political compromise that emerged in Chile during the 1930s and 1940s, when reformist popular-front coalitions held power. While other scholars have focused on the economic realignments and novel political pacts that characterized Chilean politics during this era, Rosemblatt explores how gender helped shape Chile's evolving national identity. Rosemblatt examines how and why the aims of feminists, socialists, labor activists, social workers, physicians, and political leaders converged around a shared gender ideology. Tracing the complex negotiations surrounding the implementation of new labor, health, and welfare policies, she shows that professionals in health and welfare agencies sought to regulate gender and sexuality within the working class and to consolidate the male-led nuclear family as the basis of societal stability. Leftists collaborated in these efforts because they felt that strong family bonds would generate a sense of class belonging and help unify the Left, while feminists perceived male familial responsibility as beneficial for women. Diverse actors within civil society thus reworked the norms of masculinity and femininity developed by state agencies and political leaders--even as others challenged those ideals.