Chile s Political Culture and Parties

Author: Larissa Adler de Lomnitz
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume examines Chile's political culture by considering its origin and the persistence of its grammar, which the authors define as the ability of each member of society to function within social categories and rules. This grammar, they believe, is what gives character to national culture.

Chile

Author: Peter J. Meyer
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437931383
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Contents: (1) February 27, 2010, Earthquake: Current Conditions; Chilean Government Response; (2) Political and Economic Background: Independence through Allende; Pinochet Era; Return to Democracy; (3) Recent Political and Economic Developments: Bachelet Administration: Education Demonstrations; Mapuche Activism; Loss of Legislative Control; Global Financial Crisis; 2009 Presidential and Legislative Elections: Results; Prospects for the Piñera Administration; Human Rights; Energy Challenges; (4) Chile-U.S. Relations: U.S. Assistance: Free Trade Agreement; Regional Leadership; Narcotics and Human Trafficking. Charts and tables.

Gendered Compromises

Author: Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807860956
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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With this book, Karin Rosemblatt presents a gendered history of the politics and political compromise that emerged in Chile during the 1930s and 1940s, when reformist popular-front coalitions held power. While other scholars have focused on the economic realignments and novel political pacts that characterized Chilean politics during this era, Rosemblatt explores how gender helped shape Chile's evolving national identity. Rosemblatt examines how and why the aims of feminists, socialists, labor activists, social workers, physicians, and political leaders converged around a shared gender ideology. Tracing the complex negotiations surrounding the implementation of new labor, health, and welfare policies, she shows that professionals in health and welfare agencies sought to regulate gender and sexuality within the working class and to consolidate the male-led nuclear family as the basis of societal stability. Leftists collaborated in these efforts because they felt that strong family bonds would generate a sense of class belonging and help unify the Left, while feminists perceived male familial responsibility as beneficial for women. Diverse actors within civil society thus reworked the norms of masculinity and femininity developed by state agencies and political leaders--even as others challenged those ideals.

A Nation of Enemies

Author: Pamela Constable
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393309850
Format: PDF, ePub
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Explains how Pinochet took advantage of a stunted Chilean economy and how he used the backing of U.S. anti-communism to transform Chile into a brutal dictatorship

Psychedelic Chile

Author: Patrick Barr-Melej
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469632586
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Patrick Barr-Melej here illuminates modern Chilean history with an unprecedented chronicle and reassessment of the sixties and seventies. During a period of tremendous political and social strife that saw the election of a Marxist president followed by the terror of a military coup in 1973, a youth-driven, transnationally connected counterculture smashed onto the scene. Contributing to a surging historiography of the era's Latin American counterculture, Barr-Melej draws on media and firsthand interviews in documenting the intertwining of youth and counterculture with discourses rooted in class and party politics. Focusing on "hippismo" and an esoteric movement called Poder Joven, Barr-Melej challenges a number of prevailing assumptions about culture, politics, and the Left under Salvador Allende's "Chilean Road to Socialism." While countercultural attitudes toward recreational drug use, gender roles and sexuality, rock music, and consumerism influenced many youths on the Left, the preponderance of leftist leaders shared a more conservative cultural sensibility. This exposed, Barr-Melej argues, a degree of intergenerational dissonance within leftist ranks. And while the allure of new and heterodox cultural values and practices among young people grew, an array of constituencies from the Left to the Right berated counterculture in national media, speeches, schools, and other settings. This public discourse of contempt ultimately contributed to the fierce repression of nonconformist youth culture following the coup.

Gender Politics in Brazil and Chile

Author: F. Macaulay
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230595693
Format: PDF, Kindle
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What impact do political parties have on women's political representation and on state gender policies? Does this vary at national and local levels? This study looks at the National Women's Ministry in Chile, a country of ideological conflict, strong parties and centralized government and the leftwing Brazilian Workers' Party, characterised by clientelism, weak parties and decentralization.

Contesting Legitimacy in Chile

Author: Gwynn Thomas
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271048484
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Examines the role in Chilean politics during the 1970s and 1980s of cultural beliefs and values surrounding the family. Draws on election propaganda, political speeches, press releases, public service campaigns, magazines, newspaper articles, and televised political advertisements"--Provided by publisher.

Citizens and Sportsmen

Author: Brenda Elsey
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292726309
Format: PDF
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Fútbol, or soccer as it is called in the United States, is the most popular sport in the world. Millions of people schedule their lives and build identities around it. The World Cup tournament, played every four years, draws an audience of more than a billion people and provides a global platform for displays of athletic prowess, nationalist rhetoric, and commercial advertising. Fútbol is ubiquitous in Latin America, yet few academic histories of the sport exist, and even fewer focus on its relevance to politics in the region. To fill that gap, this book uses amateur fútbol clubs in Chile to understand the history of civic associations, popular culture, and politics. In Citizens and Sportsmen, Brenda Elsey argues that fútbol clubs integrated working-class men into urban politics, connected them to parties, and served as venues of political critique. In this way, they contributed to the democratization of the public sphere. Elsey shows how club members debated ideas about class, ethnic, and gender identities, and also how their belief in the uniquely democratic nature of Chile energized state institutions even as it led members to criticize those very institutions. Furthermore, she reveals how fútbol clubs created rituals, narratives, and symbols that legitimated workers' claims to political subjectivity. Her case study demonstrates that the relationship between formal and informal politics is essential to fostering civic engagement and supporting democratic practices.