Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe

Author: Richard W. Kaeuper
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199244588
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This original and authoritative text reveals how chivalry was part of the problem of violence in medieval Europe, not merely its solution. The ideal was to internalize restraint in knights, but a close reading of chivalric literature shows chivalry also praised heroic violence by knights. This fascinating book lays bare the conflicts and paradoxes surrounding the concept of chivalry in medieval Europe.

Violence in Medieval Society

Author: Richard W. Kaeuper
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
ISBN: 9780851157740
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Studies of ways in which the rapidly evolving society of medieval Europe developed social, legal and practical responses to public and private violence.

Holy Warriors

Author: Richard W. Kaeuper
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812207920
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The medieval code of chivalry demanded that warrior elites demonstrate fierce courage in battle, display prowess with weaponry, and avenge any strike against their honor. They were also required to be devout Christians. How, then, could knights pledge fealty to the Prince of Peace, who enjoined the faithful to turn the other cheek rather than seek vengeance and who taught that the meek, rather than glorious fighters in tournaments, shall inherit the earth? By what logic and language was knighthood valorized? In Holy Warriors, Richard Kaeuper argues that while some clerics sanctified violence in defense of the Holy Church, others were sorely troubled by chivalric practices in everyday life. As elite laity, knights had theological ideas of their own. Soundly pious yet independent, knights proclaimed the validity of their bloody profession by selectively appropriating religious ideals. Their ideology emphasized meritorious suffering on campaign and in battle even as their violence enriched them and established their dominance. In a world of divinely ordained social orders, theirs was blessed, though many sensitive souls worried about the ultimate price of rapine and destruction. Kaeuper examines how these paradoxical chivalric ideals were spread in a vast corpus of literature from exempla and chansons de geste to romance. Through these works, both clerics and lay military elites claimed God's blessing for knighthood while avoiding the contradictions inherent in their fusion of chivalry with a religion that looked back to the Sermon on the Mount for its ethical foundation.

Violence in Medieval Europe

Author: Warren C. Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317866215
Format: PDF, ePub
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The European Middle Ages have long attracted popular interest as an era characterised by violence, whether a reflection of societal brutality and lawlessness or part of a romantic vision of chivalry. Violence in Medieval Europe engages with current scholarly debate about the degree to which medieval European society was in fact shaped by such forces. Drawing on a wide variety of primary sources, Warren Brown examines the norms governing violence within medieval societies from the sixth to the fourteenth century, over an area covering the Romance and the Germanic-speaking regions of the continent as well as England. Scholars have often told the story of violence and power in the Middle Ages as one in which 'private' violence threatened and sometimes destroyed 'public' order. Yet academics are now asking to what degree violence that we might call private, in contrast to the violence wielded by a central authority, might have been an effective social tool. Here, Brown looks at how private individuals exercised violence in defence of their rights or in vengeance for wrongs within a set of clearly understood social rules, and how over the course of this period, kings began to claim the exclusive right to regulate the violence of their subjects as part of their duty to uphold God's order on earth. Violence in Medieval Europe provides both an original take on the subject and an illuminating synthesis of recent and classic scholarship. It will be invaluable to students and scholars of history, medieval studies and related areas, for the light it casts not just on violence, but on the evolution of the medieval political order.

Knights

Author: John Sadler
Publisher: Casemate
ISBN: 9781612005171
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Originally warriors mounted on horseback, knights became associated with the concept of chivalry as it was popularised in medieval European literature. Knights were expected to fight bravely and honourably and be loyal to their lord until death if necessary. Later chivalry came to encompass activities such as tournaments and hunting, and virtues including justice, charity and faith. The Crusades were instrumental in the development of the code of chivalry, and some crusading orders of knighthood, such as the Knights Templar, have become legend. Boys would begin their knightly training at the age of seven, learning to hunt and studying academic studies before becoming assistants to older knights, training in combat and learning how to care for a knight's essentials: arms, armour, and horses. After fourteen years of training, and when considered master of all the skills of knighthood, a squire was eligible to be knighted. In peacetime knights would take part in tournaments. Tournaments were a major spectator sport, but also an important way for knights to practice their skills - knights were often injured and sometimes killed in melees. Knights figured large in medieval warfare and literature. In the 15th century knights became obsolete due to advances in warfare, but the title of 'knight' has survived as an honorary title granted for services to a monarch or country, and knights remain a strong concept in popular culture. This short history will cover the rise and decline of the medieval knights, including the extensive training, specific arms and armour, tournaments and the important concept of chivalry.

Medieval Chivalry

Author: Richard W. Kaeuper
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316538796
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Emerging in the medieval period, chivalry embodied ideals that elite warriors cherished and practices that formed their profession. In this major new overview, Richard Kaeuper examines how chivalry made sense of violence and war, making it tolerable for elite fighters rather than non-knightly or sub-knightly populations. He discusses how chivalry buttressed status and profession, shaped active piety, and fostered intense warrior attachments and heterosexual relationships. Though showing regional and chronological variations, chivalry at its core enshrined the practice of prowess in securing honor, with this process significantly blessed by religion. Both kingship and church authority sought to direct the great force of chivalry and, despite tensions, finally came to terms with rising knightly status and a burgeoning military role. Kaeuper engages with a wide range of evidence in his analysis, drawing on the chivalric literature, manuscript illumination, and sermon exempla and moral tales.

Regeln f r einen Ritter

Author: Ethan Hawke
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
ISBN: 3462315838
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Anleitung für ein aufrechtes Leben Der Schauspieler und Autor Ethan Hawke hat sich für sein neues Buch eines sehr charmanten Tricks bedient: Er lässt einen angeblichen Vorfahren, den Ritter Sir Thomas Lemuel Hawke, einen Brief voller kluger Tipps und Lebensweisheiten an seine Kinder schreiben, die – natürlich – bis heute Gültigkeit haben. Was ist wirklich wichtig im Leben? Diese Frage stellt sich der Ritter Sir Thomas Lemuel Hawke im Jahr 1483 am Vorabend einer großen Schlacht. Aus Furcht, seine vier Kinder vielleicht nicht aufwachsen zu sehen, hinterlässt er ihnen einen langen Brief. In zwanzig wunderschönen kleinen Fabeln schildert er, wie ein jeder seinem Leben Schönheit und Bedeutung verleihen kann, indem er Werte wie Dankbarkeit, Freundschaft und Ehrlichkeit zur Grundlage seines Handelns macht. Im Gewand eines mittelalterlichen Handbuchs für Ritter, versehen mit zwanzig feinen Zeichnungen seiner Ehefrau Ryan, erzählt Ethan Hawke eine bezaubernde Geschichte, die uns erkennen lässt, worauf es wirklich ankommt.

A Knight s Own Book of Chivalry

Author: Geoffroi de Charny
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812208684
Format: PDF, Docs
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On the great influence of a valiant lord: "The companions, who see that good warriors are honored by the great lords for their prowess, become more determined to attain this level of prowess." On the lady who sees her knight honored: "All of this makes the noble lady rejoice greatly within herself at the fact that she has set her mind and heart on loving and helping to make such a good knight or good man-at-arms." On the worthiest amusements: "The best pastime of all is to be often in good company, far from unworthy men and from unworthy activities from which no good can come." Enter the real world of knights and their code of ethics and behavior. Read how an aspiring knight of the fourteenth century would conduct himself and learn what he would have needed to know when traveling, fighting, appearing in court, and engaging fellow knights. Composed at the height of the Hundred Years War by Geoffroi de Charny, one of the most respected knights of his age, A Knight's Own Book of Chivalry was designed as a guide for members of the Company of the Star, an order created by Jean II of France in 1352 to rival the English Order of the Garter. This is the most authentic and complete manual on the day-to-day life of the knight that has survived the centuries, and this edition contains a specially commissioned introduction from historian Richard W. Kaeuper that gives the history of both the book and its author, who, among his other achievements, was the original owner of the Shroud of Turin.