Volunteer Police in the United States

Author: Elizabeth C. Bartels
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319023659
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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​This work examines in-depth the phenomenon of volunteer policing in the United States. Due to a combination of municipal budget cuts, decreased manpower, and a renewed interest in community partnership, everyday citizens are increasingly joining the police rank and file. This trend provides low-cost solutions for a number of policing problems, but also brings its own special challenges and considerations. This work provides a historical overview of volunteer police in the United States and abroad; an practical overview of volunteer programs throughout the United States including training programs, requirements and qualifications; a close examination of two central types of laws governing volunteer police units: the "Stand Your Ground" law and the "Good Samaritan" law; and overview of the dangers that can face volunteer police units, and a comparative analysis with volunteer programs worldwide. It will be of interest to researchers in police studies, criminal justice administration, and for policymakers and practitioners working with police organization and training.

Crime and Intelligence Analysis

Author: Glenn Grana
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315351242
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Crime and Intelligence Analysis: An Integrated Real-Time Approach covers everything crime analysts and tactical analysts need to know to be successful. Providing an overview of the criminal justice system as well as the more fundamental areas of crime analysis, the book will enable students and law enforcement personnel to better understand criminal behavior, learn the basics of conducting temporal analysis of crime patterns, use spatial analysis to better understand crime, apply research methods to crime analysis, and more successfully evaluate data and information to help predict criminal offending and solve criminal cases. Criminal justice and police academy students will learn how to be skilled and credible crime analysts who play a critical role in the daily operations of law enforcement.

Victimology and Victim Assistance

Author: Yoshiko Takahashi
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544350740
Format: PDF, Docs
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Victimology and Victim Assistance offers insights into the criminal justice system from the perspective of often overlooked participants—victims. Delving into victim involvement in the criminal justice system, the impact of crime on victims, and new directions in victimology and victim assistance, authors Yoshiko Takahashi and Chadley James provide crucial insights and practical applications into the field of victim assistance. With an emphasis on advocacy, intervention, and restoration, this book examines real issues and barriers in the criminal justice system for victims and offers a way forward for future criminal justice or other human service professionals.

Encyclopedia of Community Corrections

Author: Shannon M. Barton-Bellessa
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506354890
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In response to recognition in the late 1960s and early 1970s that traditional incarceration was not working, alternatives to standard prison settings were sought and developed. One of those alternatives—community-based corrections—had been conceived in the 1950s as a system that might prove more progressive, humane, and effective, particularly with people who had committed less serious criminal offenses and for whom incarceration, with constant exposure to serious offenders and career criminals, might prove more damaging than rehabilitative. The alternative of community corrections has evolved to become a substantial part of the criminal justice and correctional system, spurred in recent years not so much by a progressive, humane philosophy as by dramatically increasing prison populations, court orders to "fix" overextended prison settings, and an economic search for cost savings. Although community correction programs have been in place for some 40 years now, to date no comprehensive reference resource has tackled this topic. Accessible and jargon-free and available in both print and electronic formats, the one-volume Encyclopedia of Community Corrections will explore all aspects of community corrections, from its philosophical foundation to its current inception. Features & Benefits: 150 signed entries (each with Cross References and Further Readings) are organized in A-to-Z fashion to give students easy access to the full range of topics in community corrections. A thematic Reader's Guide in the front matter groups entries by broad topical or thematic areas to make it easy for users to find related entries at a glance. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide combines with a detailed Index and the Cross References to provide users with convenient search-and-browse capacities. A Chronology in the back matter helps students put individual events into broader historical context. A Glossary provides students with concise definitions to key terms in the field. A Resource Guide to classic books, journals, and web sites (along with the Further Readings accompanying each entry) guides students to further resources in their research journeys. An Appendix offers statistics from the Bureau of Justice.

Homo Deus

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406704026
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In seinem Kultbuch „Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit“ erklärte Yuval Noah Harari, wie unsere Spezies die Erde erobern konnte. In „Homo Deus“ stößt er vor in eine noch verborgene Welt: die Zukunft. Was wird mit uns und unserem Planeten passieren, wenn die neuen Technologien dem Menschen gottgleiche Fähigkeiten verleihen – schöpferische wie zerstörerische – und das Leben selbst auf eine völlig neue Stufe der Evolution heben? Wie wird es dem Homo Sapiens ergehen, wenn er einen technikverstärkten Homo Deus erschafft, der sich vom heutigen Menschen deutlicher unterscheidet als dieser vom Neandertaler? Was bleibt von uns und der modernen Religion des Humanismus, wenn wir Maschinen konstruieren, die alles besser können als wir? In unserer Gier nach Gesundheit, Glück und Macht könnten wir uns ganz allmählich so weit verändern, bis wir schließlich keine Menschen mehr sind.

rztlich assistierter Suizid und organisierte Sterbehilfe

Author: Kallia Gavela
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642311733
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Das deutsche Strafgesetzbuch kennt keinen Sondertatbestand der Suizidbeteiligung. Rechtliche Konstruktionen und Wertungen insbesondere höchstrichterlicher Herkunft füllen diese Lücke. Die sich daraus vor allem für behandelnde Ärzte ergebenden Probleme drängen sich bei unheilbar kranken, dem Tode geweihten Patienten geradezu auf. Das Werk behandelt diese Fragen im Spannungsverhältnis von Strafrecht, Medizinrecht und Ethik. Die Autorin zeigt die Grenzen auf, innerhalb derer die ärztliche Beteiligung am Patientensuizid rechtlich zulässig und ethisch vertretbar ist. Die Arbeit behandelt außerdem die Probleme, die aus der Einführung einer strafrechtlichen Regelung gegen „suspekte“ organisierte Suizidhilfeangebote erwachsen, deckt Defizite der jüngst vorgeschlagenen Lösungsansätze auf und gibt Anstöße für Wissenschaft, Praxis und Kriminalpolitik. Ein Blick auf ausländische Rechtsordnungen, Entscheidungen und Tendenzen rundet das Bild ab.

Krieg der Rosen Winterpilger

Author: Toby Clements
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
ISBN: 3732514862
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Der Auftakt eines mitreißenden Historienepos über die Rosenkriege von Bestsellerautor Toby Clements Kloster St. Mary, England, 1460. In einer klirrend kalten Februarnacht kreuzen sich die Wege von Thomas und Katherine, einem Mönch und einer Nonne. Thomas rettet die junge Frau vor einer Schar Angreifer aus höchster Gefahr. Dabei verletzt er den Sohn des mächtigen Sir Riven schwer, der fortan auf Rache sinnt. Als Sir Riven und seine Männer ins Kloster einfallen, müssen Thomas und Katherine fliehen - und geraten mitten hinein in die blutigen Auseinandersetzungen der Häuser York und Lancaster, in die Rosenkriege, deren Ausgang sie schon bald mitbestimmen ...