Cleaning with Solvents Science and Technology

Author: John Durkee
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455731617
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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High-precision cleaning is required across a wide range of sectors, including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor/electronics, etc. Cleaning parts and surfaces with solvents is simple, effective and low-cost. Although health and safety and environmental concerns come into play with the use of solvents, this book explores how safe and compliant solvent-based cleaning techniques can be implemented. A key to this is the selection of the right solvent. The author also examines a range of newer "green" solvent cleaning options. This book supplies scientific fundamentals and practical guidance supported by real-world examples. Durkee explains the three principal methods of solvent selection: matching of solubility parameters, reduction of potential for smog formation, and matching of physical properties. He also provides guidance on the safe use of aerosols, wipe-cleaning techniques, solvent stabilization, economics, and many other topics. A compendium of blend rules is included, covering the physical, chemical, and environmental properties of solvents. Three methods explained in detail for substitution of suitable solvents for those unsuitable for any reason: toxic solvents don't have to be tolerated; this volume explains how to do better Enables users to make informed judgments about their selection of cleaning solvents for specific applications, including solvent replacement decisions Explains how to plan and implement solvent cleaning systems that are effective, economical and compliant with regulations

Cleaning with Solvents Methods and Machinery

Author: John Durkee
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323226965
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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High-precision cleaning is required across many sectors, including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor/electronics, and more. In this comprehensive reference work, solvent cleaning equipment is thoroughly covered with a focus on the engineering details of its operation and selection. Key data is provided alongside practical guidance, giving scientists and engineers in multiple sectors the information they need not only to choose the correct machine in the first place, but also how to operate it effectively and efficiently. Low emission open-top vapor degreasers, enclosed machines of the vacuum and pressurized type, cosolvent machines, and adsorption of "tailpipe emissions" are covered in detail and fully illustrated in color. This unique book covers material known by designers and manufacturers of solvent cleaning machines, but not collected and organized for the benefit of users. The comprehensive coverage provided by John Durkee makes this book relevant and timely not only for readers who wish to know more about how solvent cleaning equipment works but also those who are under pressure from environmental regulators or corporate management to find effective alternatives and those engaged in non-solvent cleaning operations who are unsatisfied with their cleaning results. Clear, straightforward explanations of how various types of cleaning solvents should be managed to clean parts Full-color, hand-drawn illustrations and photographs of the important internal sections of solvent cleaning machines Design calculations of operating parameters in solvent cleaning machines

Manufacture of Thinners Solvents Properties Uses Production Formulation with Machinery Details

Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
ISBN: 9381039836
Format: PDF, ePub
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Solvents are defined as chemicals compound that are introduced during manufacture of the paint itself and before packaging, in order to maintain all components of the paint in a liquid / viscous state such as we know it. A solvent is usually a liquid but can also be a solid or a gas. Solvents find various applications in chemical, pharmaceutical, oil, and gas industries, including in chemical syntheses and purification processes. Thinners are defined as chemical compounds that are introduced into the paint prior to application, in order to modify the viscosity and other properties related to the rate of curing that may affect the functionality and aesthetics of the final layer painting.Paint thinner, a solvent used in painting and decorating, for thinning oil-based paint and cleaning brushes. A Thinner may be a single solvent or a combination of solvent types. Often, specific thinners are required by the manufacturer of a coating to prevent damage to coating properties that may occur when an inappropriate thinner is used. Solvents (for cleaning up or softening) and Thinners (for diluting or extending) are useful not only in painting but in other areas such as Wooden Furniture industry, Automobile industry, Ink industry, Rubber industry. As the paint industry is a major consumer of Thinners & Solvents, and is expanding at a tremendous speed, it is very obvious that the demand of thinners, too, will increase tremendously. The paints & coatings accounts for the largest share in the aliphatic hydrocarbon Thinners & Solvents market. It is also projected to be the fastest-growing application of the aliphatic hydrocarbon Thinners and Solvents market. The book contains Properties, Uses, manufacturing of Thinners & Solventsand providing information regarding thinner formulation. It also covers raw material suppliers, photographs of plant & Machinery with supplier’s contact details. Some of the fundamentals of the book are thinner in Paint Industry, Health and Safety Measures of Chemicals, Pollution Control, Waste Disposal of Hazardous Chemicals and Storage, Labelling and Packaging of Chemicals etc. It will be a standard reference book for professionals and entrepreneurs. Those who are interested in this field can find the complete information from manufacture to final uses of Solvents and Thinners. It will be very helpful to consultants, new entrepreneurs, technocrats, research scholars, libraries and existing units.

Science and Technology of Building Seals Sealants Glazing and Waterproofing Second Volume

Author: Jerome M. Klosowski
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 9780803118577
Format: PDF, ePub
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Proceedings of an ASTM sponsored symposium held in Fort Lauderdale, Florida in February 1992. Topics of papers include extended lab testing for two structural glazing silicone sealants, usefulness of accelerated test methods for sealant weathering, climate driven durability tester, new tests for adh

Supercritical Fluid Cleaning

Author: Samuel P. Sawan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0815519168
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Although supercritial fluid (SCF) technology is now widely used in extraction and purification processes (in the petrochemical, food and pharmaceuticals industries), this book is the first to address the new application of cleaning. The objective is to provide a roadmap for readers who want to know whether SCF technology can meet their own processing and cleaning needs. It is particularly helpful to those striving to balance the requirements for a clean product and a clean environment. The interdisciplinary subject matter will appeal to scientists and engineers in all specialties ranging from materials and polymer sciences to chemistry and physics. It is also useful to those developing new processes for other applications, and references given at the end of each chapter provide links to the wider body of SCF literature. The book is organized with topics progressing from the fundamental nature of the supercritical state, through process conditions and materials interactions, to economic considerations. Practical examples are included to show how the technology has been successfully applied. The first four chapters consider principles governing SCF processing, detailing issues such as solubility, design for cleanability, and the dynamics of particle removal. The next three chapters discuss surfactants and microemulsions, SCF interaction with polymers, and the use of supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) as a cleaning solvent. The closing chapters focus on more practical considerations such as scaleup, equipment costs, and financial analysis.

Management of Industrial Cleaning Technology and Processes

Author: John Durkee
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080464855
Format: PDF
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More stringent quality standards and environmental/safety regulations as well as new process and chemical technology have changed industrial cleaning from a “wet and wipe application to a valued and demanding process operation. This book will help cleaning operatives, designers of equipment, metal finishers, industrial chemists and decontaminators understand the value and demands required within the industrial cleaning process and an environment of continuing change. * Covers all aspects of modern cleaning technologies, helping readers to understand basics of cleaning, equipment used, techniques and possible changes to come within the industry. * Includes environmental regulations and the basis for modern cleaning technologies, ensuring the reader is up to date on cleaning chemicals and their affects. * Covers testing for cleanliness, ensuring cleaning operatives, technicians and end users understand how to achieve the demands required within the industrial cleaning process and an environment of continuing change.

Technology for Chemical Cleaning of Industrial Equipment 2nd Edition

Author: Wayne W Frenier
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781575903675
Format: PDF
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Presents new developments that have affected the commercial use of chemicals and devices to clean industrial equipment, with emphasis on the mechanisms of important cleaning processes and solvents and will give an overview of the science and technology of the formation and removal of fouling deposits in the industrial equipment environment.

Guide to Cleaner Technologies

Author: Douglas Williams
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788114519
Format: PDF
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Identifies new approaches for pollution prevention in cleaning and degreasing processes to remove dirt, soil, and grease in various manufacturing industries . Addresses available technologies, emerging technologies, pollution prevention strategy and benefits, operating features, application, and limitations. List of information sources. Drawings, charts and figures.