Clinical Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

Author: William Clarke
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128020520
Format: PDF, Docs
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Clinical Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: Special Populations, Physiological Conditions and Pharmacogenomics focuses on critical issues in therapeutic drug monitoring including special requirements of therapeutic drug monitoring important to special populations (infants and children, pregnant women, elderly patients, and obese patients). The book also covers issues of free drug monitoring and common interferences in using immunoassays for therapeutic drug monitoring. This book is essential reading for any clinician, fellow, or trainee who wants to gain greater insight into the process of therapeutic drug monitoring for individual dosage adjustment and avoiding drug toxicity for certain drugs within a narrow therapeutic window. The book is written specifically for busy clinicians, fellows, and trainees who order therapeutic drug monitoring and need to get more familiar with testing methodologies, issues of interferences, and interpretation of results in certain patient populations. Offers busy clinicians, pathologists, and trainees a concise resource on the key aspects and critical issues in therapeutic drug monitoring Focuses on patient populations such as infants and children, pregnant women, elderly patients, and obese patients, who have special requirements in therapeutic drug monitoring Explores special topics in therapeutic drug monitoring including free drug monitoring and common immunoassay interference Explains how individual dosage adjustments can prevent drug toxicity for certain drugs within a narrow therapeutic window

Principles of Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics

Author: Russ B. Altman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107377471
Format: PDF, ePub
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The study of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics focuses on how our genes and complex gene systems influence our response to drugs. Recent progress in clinical therapeutics has led to the discovery of new biomarkers that make it technically easier to identify groups of patients which are more or less likely to respond to individual therapies. The aim is to improve personalised medicine – not simply to prescribe the right medicine, but to deliver the right drug at the right dose at the right time. This textbook brings together leading experts to discuss the latest information on how human genetics impacts drug response phenotypes. It presents not only the basic principles of pharmacogenetics, but also clinically valuable examples that cover a broad range of specialties and therapeutic areas. This textbook is an invaluable introduction to pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics for health care professionals, medical students, pharmacy students, graduate students and researchers in the biosciences.

Handbook of Pharmacogenomics and Stratified Medicine

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123868831
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Handbook of Pharmacogenomics and Stratified Medicine is a comprehensive resource to understand this rapidly advancing field aiming to deliver the right drug at the right dose to the right patient at the right time. It is designed to provide a detailed, but accessible review of the entire field from basic principles to applications in various diseases. The chapters are written by international experts to allow readers from a wide variety of backgrounds, clinical and non-clinical (basic geneticists, pharmacologists, clinicians, trialists, industry personnel, ethicists) to understand the principles underpinning the progress in this area, the successes, failures and the challenges ahead. To be accessible to the widest range of readers, the clinical application section introduces the disease process, existing therapies, followed by pharmacogenomics and stratified medicine details. Medicine is the cornerstone of modern therapeutics prescribed on the basis that its benefit should outweigh its risk. It is well known that people respond differently to medications and in many cases the risk-benefit ratio for a particular drug may be a gray area. The last decade has seen a revolution in genomics both in terms of technological innovation and discovering genetic markers associated with disease. In parallel there has been steady progress in trying to make medicines safer and tailored to the individual. This has occurred across the whole spectrum of medicine, some more than others. In addition there is burgeoning interest from the pharmaceutical industry to leverage pharmacogenomics for more effective and efficient clinical drug development. Provides clinical and non-clinical researchers with practical information normally beyond their usual areas of research or expertise Includes an basic principles section explaining concepts of basic genetics, genetic epidemiology, bioinformatics, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics Covers newer technologies– next generation sequencing, proteomics, metabolomics Provides information on animal models, lymphoblastoid cell lines, stem cells Provides detailed chapters on a wide range of disease conditions, implementation and regulatory issues Includes chapters on the global implications of pharmacogenomics

Clinical Chemistry Immunology and Laboratory Quality Control

Author: Amitava Dasgupta
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124079350
Format: PDF, ePub
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All pathology residents must have a good command of clinical chemistry, toxicology, immunology, and laboratory statistics to be successful pathologists, as well as to pass the American Board of Pathology examination. Clinical chemistry, however, is a topic in which many senior medical students and pathology residents face challenges. Clinical Chemistry, Immunology and Laboratory Quality Control meets this challenge head on with a clear and easy-to-read presentation of core topics and detailed case studies that illustrate the application of clinical chemistry knowledge to everyday patient care. This basic primer offers practical examples of how things function in the pathology clinic as well as useful lists, sample questions, and a bullet-point format ideal for quick pre-Board review. While larger textbooks in clinical chemistry provide highly detailed information regarding instrumentation and statistics, this may be too much information for students, residents, and clinicians. This book is designed to educate senior medical students, residents, and fellows, and to "refresh" the knowledge base of practicing clinicians on how tests are performed in their laboratories (i.e., method principles, interferences, and limitations). Takes a practical and easy-to-read approach to understanding clinical chemistry and toxicology Covers all important clinical information found in larger textbooks in a more succinct and easy-to-understand manner Covers essential concepts in instrumentation and statistics in such a way that fellows and clinicians understand the methods without having to become specialists in the field Includes chapters on drug-herb interaction and pharmacogenomics, topics not covered by textbooks in the field of clinical chemistry or laboratory medicine

Clinical Pharmacokinetics

Author: John E. Murphy
Publisher: ASHP
ISBN: 1585285382
Format: PDF, Mobi
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he New, Expanded Sixth Edition of Clinical Pharmacokinetics In the evolving practice of pharmacokinetics (PK), it is important to keep on top of the latest advances. John E. Murphy, Pharm.D., FASHP, FCCP, a well-known leader in the field of clinical pharmacokinetics, has updated and expanded his widely used textbook and reference. Clinical Pharmacokinetics, Sixth Edition, includes the most current information, covering issues such as rational use of drug concentration measurements, changes in dosing obese patients, and considerations for a wider variety of drugs for special populations. There is also a new chapter focused on pharmacogenomics and its impact on pharmacokinetic parameters, as well as discussion of pharmacogenomics throughout the book. Everything You Need to Know About PK Today Drugs, dosing, and therapeutic monitoring Drug concentration measurements New chapter on the impact of pharmacogenomics Neonatal, pediatric, obese, and geriatric dosing Dosing in renal disease and creatinine clearance estimation Drugs sorted by family and as single drugs Written in a straightforward style, with numerous charts and lists, the sixth edition makes complicated dosing and monitoring information easy to find and understand. Whether you are a student or practitioner, it is a resource you will turn to for reliable guidance throughout your pharmacy career.

Koda Kimble and Young s Applied Therapeutics

Author: Brian K. Alldredge
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1609137132
Format: PDF, ePub
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Rev. ed. of: Applied therapeutics: the clinical use of drugs / edited by Mary Anne Koda-Kimble ... [et al.]. 9th ed. c2009.

Clinical and Translational Science

Author: David Robertson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012802111X
Format: PDF
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Clinical and Translational Science: Principles of Human Research, Second Edition, is the most authoritative and timely resource for the broad range of investigators taking on the challenge of clinical and translational science, a field that is devoted to investigating human health and disease, interventions, and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. This updated second edition has been prepared with an international perspective, beginning with fundamental principles, experimental design, epidemiology, traditional and new biostatistical approaches, and investigative tools. It presents complete instruction and guidance from fundamental principles, approaches, and infrastructure, especially for human genetics and genomics, human pharmacology, research in special populations, the societal context of human research, and the future of human research. The book moves on to discuss legal, social, and ethical issues, and concludes with a discussion of future prospects, providing readers with a comprehensive view of this rapidly developing area of science. Introduces novel physiological and therapeutic strategies for engaging the fastest growing scientific field in both the private sector and academic medicine Brings insights from international leaders into the discipline of clinical and translational science Addresses drug discovery, drug repurposing and development, innovative and improved approaches to go/no-go decisions in drug development, and traditional and innovative clinical trial designs

Omics for Personalized Medicine

Author: Debmalya Barh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8132211847
Format: PDF
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“Omics for Personalized Medicine” will give to its prospective readers the insight of both the current developments and the future potential of personalized medicine. The book brings into light how the pharmacogenomics and omics technologies are bringing a revolution in transforming the medicine and the health care sector for the better. Students of biomedical research and medicine along with medical professionals will benefit tremendously from the book by gaining from the diverse fields of knowledge of new age personalized medicine presented in the highly detailed chapters of the book. The book chapters are divided into two sections for convenient reading with the first section covering the general aspects of pharmaocogenomic technology that includes latest research and development in omics technologies. The first section also highlights the role of omics in modern clinical trials and even discusses the ethical consideration in pharmocogenomics. The second section is focusing on the development of personalized medicine in several areas of human health. The topics covered range from metabolic and neurological disorders to non-communicable as well as infectious diseases, and even explores the role of pharmacogenomics in cell therapy and transplantation technology. Thirty-four chapters of the book cover several aspects of pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine and have taken into consideration the varied interest of the readers from different fields of biomedical research and medicine. Advent of pharmacogenomics is the future of modern medicine, which has resulted from culmination of decades of research and now is showing the way forward. The book is an honest endeavour of researchers from all over the world to disseminate the latest knowledge and knowhow in personalized medicine to the community health researchers in particular and the educated public in general.

Essentials of Neuroanesthesia

Author: Hemanshu Prabhakar
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128054301
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Essentials of Neuroanesthesia offers useful insights on the anesthetic management of neurosurgical and neurologic patients. This book covers all topics related to neuroanesthesia, providing essential knowledge on the brain and spinal cord. Sections include chapters on anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology, along with specific chapters related to various neurosurgical and neurological problems and their anesthetic management. This book provides an understanding of related issues, such as palliative care, evidence based practice of neuroanesthesia, sterilization techniques, biostatistics, and ethical issues, and is useful for trainees, clinicians, and researchers in the fields of neurosurgery, neurocritical care, neuroanesthesia, and neurology. Offers useful insights on the anesthetic management of neurosurgical and neurologic patients Discusses related issues, such as palliative care, evidence based practice of neuroanesthesia, sterilization techniques, biostatistics, and ethical issues Useful for trainees, clinicians, and researchers in the fields of neurosurgery, neurocritical care, neuroanesthesia, and neurology

Pharmacovigilance in Psychiatry

Author: Edoardo Spina
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319247417
Format: PDF, Docs
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The first authoritative textbook specifically addressing issues of the field, this book delivers a focused discussion on several themes in psychiatry while providing a sound background on pharmacovigilance. Internationally-recognised researchers, clinicians and pharmacovigilance experts contributed to this textbook, giving it the benefit of different perspectives and years of experience. Pharmacovigilance in psychiatry provides a thorough introduction to this field but goes on to explore advanced themes such as methodologies and resources used for pharmacovigilance in psychiatry, challenges as well as most recent developments to this field, making it suitable for under-graduates, graduate and post-doctoral students and persons working pharmacovigilance who seek to broaden their knowledge on this subject.