Clues to Achieving Consensus

Author: Mirja P. Hanson
Publisher: R&L Education
ISBN: 1461648416
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This guide is for leaders who want to get results, for participants who don't like to waste time, and facilitators who want to meet leaders' and participants' needs. It is a guide to effective action in school districts, agencies, companies, organizations, and communities by using consensus decision-making.

Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing

Author: Leszek Rutkowski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319393847
Format: PDF, Docs
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The two-volume set LNAI 9692 and LNAI 9693 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing, ICAISC 2016, held in Zakopane, Poland in June 2016. The 134 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 343 submissions. The papers included in the first volume are organized in the following topical sections: neural networks and their applications; fuzzy systems and their applications; evolutionary algorithms and their applications; agent systems, robotics and control; and pattern classification. The second volume is divided in the following parts: bioinformatics, biometrics and medical applications; data mining; artificial intelligence in modeling and simulation; visual information coding meets machine learning; and various problems of artificial intelligence.

A Modest Certainty

Author: Frank D. Schubert
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 0761858989
Format: PDF
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The central problem of philosophy is the problem of certainty. What does it mean to be sure? Are there ideas beyond the possibility of error or refutation? What does it mean for a notion to be incorrigible? In this book, Frank D. Schubert squarely addresses the question of whether there is a single standard of certainty that can be applied to such disparate areas as logic, mathematics, politics, religion, familial/tribal commitments, and science. Schubert proposes a common standard for assessing certainty — the certainty of knowing one’s own personal proper name — as a standard that can establish common ground within each widely disparate area. The result is a new “philosophy in a grand manner” and a powerful ethical proposal for our time.

Biomedical Politics

Author: Kathi E. Hanna
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The abortifacient RU-486 was born in the laboratory, but its history has been shaped by legislators, corporate marketing executives, and protesters on both sides of the abortion debate. This volume explores how society decides what to do when discoveries such as RU-486 raise complex and emotional policy issues. Six case studies with insightful commentary offer a revealing look at the interplay of scientists, interest groups, the U.S. Congress, federal agencies, and the public in determining biomedical public policy--and suggest how decision making might become more reasoned and productive in the future. The studies are fascinating and highly readable accounts of the personal interactions behind the headlines. They cover dideoxyinosine (ddI), RU-486, Medicare coverage for victims of chronic kidney failure, the human genome project, fetal tissue transplantation, and the 1975 Asilomar conference on recombinant DNA.

Jsl Vol 7 N2

Author: JOURNAL OF SCHOOL LEADERSHIP
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1475817428
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Journal of School Leadership is broadening the conversation about schools and leadership and is currently accepting manuscripts. We welcome manuscripts based on cutting-edge research from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives and methodological orientations. The editorial team is particularly interested in working with international authors, authors from traditionally marginalized populations, and in work that is relevant to practitioners around the world. Growing numbers of educators and professors look to the six bimonthly issues to: deal with problems directly related to contemporary school leadership practice teach courses on school leadership and policy use as a quality reference in writing articles about school leadership and improvement.

Consensus in the Classroom

Author: Linda Sartor
Publisher: Psychosynthesis Press
ISBN: 9780961144449
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Born out of a passionate interest in environmental education, Linda Sartor began experimenting with consensus decision-making in her public school classrooms. This book reports on what she did and what she discovered in the process. She found that consensus in the classroom works as both an instructional strategy and a classroom management approach, and fosters a lively learning community. It both requires and generates a paradigm shift in a teacher's relationship with students and students' relationships with each other. This book will inspire and assist educators to use the consensus process in and out of the classroom.

Law and Disagreement

Author: Jeremy Waldron
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191024473
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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When people disagree about justice and about individual rights, how should political decisions be made among them? How should they decide about issues like tax policy, welfare provision, criminal procedure, discrimination law, hate speech, pornography, political dissent and the limits of religious toleration? The most familiar answer is that these decisions should be made democratically, by majority voting among the people or their representatives. Often, however, this answer is qualified by adding ' providing that the majority decision does not violate individual rights.' In this book Jeremy Waldron has revisited and thoroughly revised thirteen of his most recent essays. He argues that the familiar answer is correct, but that the qualification about individual rights is incoherent. If rights are the very things we disagree about, then we are quarrelling precisely about what that qualification should amount to. At best, what it means is that disagreements about rights should be resolved by some other procedure, for example, by majority voting, not among the people or their representatives, but among judges in a court. This proposal - although initially attractive - seems much less agreeable when we consider that the judges too disagree about rights, and they disagree about them along exactly the same lines as the citizens. This book offers a comprehensive critique of the idea of the judicial review of legislation. The author argues that a belief in rights is not the same as a commitment to a Bill of Rights. He shows the flaws and difficulties in many common defences of the 'democratic' character of judicial review. And he argues for an alternative approach to the problem of disagreement: when disagreements about rights arise, the respectful way to resolve them is by decision-making among the right-holders on a basis that reflects an equal respect for them as the holders of views about rights. This respect for ordinary right-holders, he argues, has been sadly lacking in the theories of justice, rights, and constitutionalism put forward in recent years by philosophers such as John Rawls and Donald Dworkin. But the book is not only about judicial review. The first tranche of essays is devoted to a theory of legislation, a theory which highlights the size, the scale and the diversity of modern legislative assemblies. Although legislation is often denigrated as a source of law, Waldron seeks to restore its tattered dignity. He deprecates the tendency to disparage legislatures and argues that such disparagement is often a way of bolstering the legitimacy of the courts, as if we had to transform our parliaments into something like the American Congress to justify importing American-style judicial reviews. Law and Disagreement redresses the balances in modern jurisprudence. It presents legislation by a representative assembly as a form of law making which is especially apt for a society whose members disagree with one another about fundamental issues of principle, for it is a form of law making that does not attempt to conceal the fact that our decisions are made and claim their authority in the midst of, not in spite of, our political and moral disagreements. This timely rights-based defence of majoritarian legislation will be welcomed by scholars of legal and political philosophy throughout the world.

Consensus Design

Author: Rosie Parnell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136415572
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Consensus Design offers a practical step by step guide to co-design; an increasingly important consideration for architects as they compete for work. The text moves from identifying the methodology of the process to developing a series of principles and practical steps which illustrate how consensus design can be established. For easy reference, flow charts show the process of achieving consensus design and include variations for different types of project and different groups of people. It gives clear timings so that agreements can be reached within a specific time frame, and also features a number of case studies to illustrate consensus design principles in practice. Case studies include projects in the UK, US, and Sweden. Consensus design isn't just a utopian ideal. It's the only meaningful way in which people can be involved in shaping where they live and work. It can have an influence on social stability, crime-reduction, personal health and building longevity, all of which in turn have monetary and environmental cost implications. Its consideration can also greatly help architects win work and commissions. Day argues that when places are designed by professionals for people, many things obvious to the residents are overlooked. When they are designed by lay people, the design can suffer from the lowest common denominator factor. When places are designed by both it tends to end up in conflict. However, Consensus Design shows that co-design is not doomed to either conflict or banality if it is managed correctly.

Guided Reading the Four Blocks Way Grades 1 3

Author: Patricia M. Cunningham
Publisher: Carson-Dellosa Publishing
ISBN: 1604184817
Format: PDF
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Learn when and how to teach the Guided Reading block using Guided Reading the Four-Blocks(R) Way for grades 1–3. This 224-page book gives a glimpse into classrooms that use the Guided Reading model within a balanced literacy program. The book includes a list of materials needed, comprehension skills and strategies, and activities for before, during, and after reading a text. It also includes a list of children's literature. The book supports the Four-Blocks(R) Literacy Model.

New Testament Theology

Author: Jon M. Isaak
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1621892549
Format: PDF
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New Testament theology ought to be both descriptive and constructive-this is the argument of New Testament Theology: Extending the Table. According to Isaak, New Testament theology is descriptive in that it deals with the accounts that people narrate of their experience with Yahweh, the God of Israel, in the light of Easter. It is constructive in that it joins the diverse testimonies of the New Testament writers into a textured and thick space within which contemporary followers of Jesus continue to be shaped by the ancient yet living Spirit of God. Isaak's approach is historical, thematic, and theological in orientation. It explores the conversation taking place "around the table," where the writers of the NT share their guiding vision of God's saving work among them, and their passion for the Christian church engaged in God's mission. The differing perspectives of the New Testament authors are held together without reduction, forming a deep and rich space within which ongoing community reflection and praxis can take place.