Co and Posttranslational Proteolysis of Proteins

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080542441
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume examines a number of different proteases, a type of enzyme, that are required in order for the change to a biologically active mature protein to occur. The discussion of these various proteases is rarely undertaken in one volume and will serve as a great resource for scientists studying the group of proteases on signal peptide processing as well as those working on propeptide processing. These areas of research do not normally overlap, and yet they are each of common importance to the same cell processes.

Posttranslational Modification of Proteins

Author: Christopher Walsh
Publisher: Roberts and Company Publishers
ISBN: 9780974707730
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Walsh has coalesced the dizzying array of posttranslational modifications into a small subset of reactions. It is written with a concise chemical logic and Walsh's typical flair that makes it a pleasure to read." Michael A. Marletta, Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of California, Berkeley

Post Translational Modifications in Health and Disease

Author: Cecilio J. Vidal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441963826
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Post-translational modifications serve many different purposes in several cellular processes such as gene expression, protein folding and transport to appropriate cell compartment, protein-lipid and protein-protein interactions, enzyme regulation, signal transduction, cell proliferation and differentiation, protein stability, recycling and degradation. Although several-hundred different modifications are known, the significance of many of them remains unknown. The enormous versatility of the modifications which frequently alter the physico-chemical properties of the respective proteins represents an extraordinary challenge in understanding their physiological role. Since essential cellular functions are regulated by protein modifications, an improvement of current understanding of their meaning might allow new avenues to prevent and/or alleviate human and animal diseases.

Disease Markers of the Nervous System

Author: Michael G. Harrington
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586035679
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"The nervous system is important in controlling cognition and behaviors as well as bodily functions via the peripheral and autonomic pathways. A dysfunction in the nervous system results in diseases that are an increasing burden to modern medicine. Advances in the diagnosis, control and treatment of these diseases will require a comprehensive knowledge of the biochemical changes associated with specific brain functions. Brain functions are currently identified, and sometimes measured, by clinical structured interviews, coupled with imaging or neurophysiological procedures. Far fewer molecular based diagnostic methods, such as disease specific biomarkers, are available at this point to monitor biochemical changes for central nervous diseases. Fortunately, new technologies place medical research on the threshold of discovering a great deal about disease biochemistry, and future advances should be rapid. This volume provides a taste of the field and also highlights how much comprehensive work is needed towards the ultimate goal of understanding diseases of the nervous system on a molecular level. The editors believe the new technologies of the varied forms of array technologies, chromatography, mass spectrometry and analysis methods, when coupled with well-defined clinical experiments, have the opportunities to make real progress."

Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes

Author: Alan J. Barrett
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080984150
Format: PDF, ePub
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Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes, Second Edition, Volume 1: Aspartic and Metallo Peptidases is a compilation of numerous progressive research studies on proteolytic enzymes. This edition is organized into two main sections encompassing 328 chapters. This handbook is organized around a system for the classification of peptidases, which is a hierarchical one built on the concepts of catalytic type, clan, family and peptidase. The concept of catalytic type of a peptidase depends upon the chemical nature of the groups responsible for catalysis. The recognized catalytic types are aspartic, cysteine, metallo, serine, threonine, and the unclassified enzymes, while clans and families are groups of homologous peptidases. Homology at the level of a family of peptidases is shown by statistically significant relationship in amino acid sequence to a representative member called the type example, or to another member of the family that has already been shown to be related to the type example. Each chapter discusses the history, activity, specificity, structural chemistry, preparation, and biological aspects of the enzyme. This book will prove useful to enzyme chemists and researchers.

Post translational Modifications of Proteins

Author: John J. Harding
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849341717
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Post-Translational Modifications of Proteins discusses several important topics of interest to researchers and students in protein chemistry and biochemistry, including the occurrence and function of hydroxylated residues and the three enzymes required for their formation; the damaging effects of reactions between sugars and proteins; ADP-riboosylation of proteins outside the nucleus; and Monod, Wyman, and Changeux's concerted model for allosteric control of enzyme activity exemplified by studies on glycogen phosphorylase. The application of Fast Atom Bombardment Mass Spectometry (FAB-MS) to studies on the structure and biosynthesis of various oligosaccharide moieties in protein is examined, and the understanding of the structural diversity and function of glycoprotein oligosaccharides is discussed in this volume.

Houben Weyl Methods of Organic Chemistry Vol E 22b 4th Edition Supplement

Author: Arthur Felix
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
ISBN: 3131823143
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Houben-Weyl is the acclaimed reference series for preparative methods in organic chemistry, in which all methods are organized accor ding to the class of compound or functional group to be synthesized. The Houben-Weyl volumes contain 146 000 product-specific experi mental procedures, 580 000 structures, and 700 000 references. The preparative significance of the methods for all classes of compou nds is critically evaluated. The series includes data from as far back as the early 1800s to 2003. // The content of this e-book was originally published in 2003.

Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes

Author: Alan J. Barrett
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080984150
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes, Second Edition, Volume 1: Aspartic and Metallo Peptidases is a compilation of numerous progressive research studies on proteolytic enzymes. This edition is organized into two main sections encompassing 328 chapters. This handbook is organized around a system for the classification of peptidases, which is a hierarchical one built on the concepts of catalytic type, clan, family and peptidase. The concept of catalytic type of a peptidase depends upon the chemical nature of the groups responsible for catalysis. The recognized catalytic types are aspartic, cysteine, metallo, serine, threonine, and the unclassified enzymes, while clans and families are groups of homologous peptidases. Homology at the level of a family of peptidases is shown by statistically significant relationship in amino acid sequence to a representative member called the type example, or to another member of the family that has already been shown to be related to the type example. Each chapter discusses the history, activity, specificity, structural chemistry, preparation, and biological aspects of the enzyme. This book will prove useful to enzyme chemists and researchers.

Steroid Receptors in Health and Disease

Author: Virinder Moudgil
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468455419
Format: PDF
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During the last two decades, progress in steroid hormone research has resulted in the development of new approaches to contraception as well as diagnosis and treatment of endocrine disorders and cancers. Although significant advances have been made in the purification, characterization, immunochemistry and molecular biology of steroid receptors, the precise molecular mechanism of steroid hormone action has remained obscure. This book captures the detailed presentations made at the first conference on Steroid Receptors in Health and Disease held at Meadow Brook Hall, Oakland University in the fall of 1987. The purpose of this international con ference was to facilitate scientific exchange toward a better understand ing of the mode of action of steroid hormones. The scientific sessions consisted of poster presentations and state-of-the-art lectures, the latter of which make up this volume. The first chapter is meant to provide the reader with a more general background of the topics covered in the book, as well as to discuss certain theme-related issues that are either not yet well-established or accepted or are in the stage of infancy. It is hoped that this volume will serve as a useful treatise for students and investigators interested in basic and clinical aspects of biological regulation by steroid hormones. A task of this magnitude could not have been undertaken without the encouragement, advice and continued generous assistance of the members of the scientific committee. I am gratefully indebted to Drs.

Protein Misfolding Diseases

Author: Marina Ramirez-Alvarado
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118031810
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An increasingly aging population will add to the number of individuals suffering from amyloid. Protein Misfolding Diseases provides a systematic overview of the current and emerging therapies for these types of protein misfolding diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Mad Cow. The book emphasizes therapeutics in an amyloid disease context to help students, faculty, scientific researchers, and doctors working with protein misfolding diseases bridge the gap between basic science and pharmaceutical applications to protein misfolding disease.