Code and the City

Author: Rob Kitchin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317413814
Format: PDF
Download Now
Software has become essential to the functioning of cities. It is deeply embedded into the systems and infrastructure of the built environment and is entrenched in the management and governance of urban societies. Software-enabled technologies and services enhance the ways in which we understand and plan cities. It even has an effect on how we manage urban services and utilities. Code and the City explores the extent and depth of the ways in which software mediates how people work, consume, communication, travel and play. The reach of these systems is set to become even more pervasive through efforts to create smart cities: cities that employ ICTs to underpin and drive their economy and governance. Yet, despite the roll-out of software-enabled systems across all aspects of city life, the relationship between code and the city has barely been explored from a critical social science perspective. This collection of essays seeks to fill that gap, and offers an interdisciplinary examination of the relationship between software and contemporary urbanism. This book will be of interest to those researching or studying smart cities and urban infrastructure.

Sustainable City Regions

Author: Tetsuo Kidokoro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431781471
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
How should regional cities develop regional development strategies for their sustainable future? How can such strategies work effectively? Regional cities are now at a crossroads: will they decline or be regenerated under the impacts of globalization? Their sustainable regeneration as creative regional centers will play a decisive role in their sustainable development as a whole, but only with viable regional spatial strategies that strengthen the network of cities and their hinterlands. The concern here lies in urban regeneration and strategic spatial planning at the city-region level. This book records observations of 12 dynamically changing regional cities in Asia, Europe and the United States. The form of the city region, urban regeneration and strategic spatial planning as well as the local and regional governance of each city are examined. Through this empirical and comparative analysis, essential lessons are drawn, which will add a new perspective to discussions on the sustainable future of regional cities in an age of globalization.

Regional Cities and City Regions in Rural Australia

Author: Peter John Smailes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811311110
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
The book examines the extent to which the sustained population growth of Australia’s heartland regional centres has come at the expense of demographic decline in their own hinterlands, and, ultimately, of their entire regions. It presents a longitudinal study, over the period 1947-2011, of the extensive functional regions centred on six rapidly growing non-metropolitan cities in south-eastern Australia, emphasising rapid change since 1981. The selected cities are dominantly service centres in either inland or remote coastal agricultural settings. The book shows how intensified age-specific migration and structural ageing arising from macro-economic reforms in the 1980s fundamentally changed the economic and demographic landscapes of the case study regions. It traces the demographic consequences of the change from a relative balance between central city, minor urban centres and dispersed rural population within each functional region in 1947, to one of extreme central city dominance by 2011, and examines the long-term implications of these changes for regional policy. The book constitutes the first in-depth longitudinal study over the entire post-WWII period of a varied group of Australian regional cities and their hinterlands, defined in terms of functional regions. It employs a novel set of indices which combine numerical and visual expression to measure the structural ageing process.

City Regions in Prospect

Author: Kevin Edson Jones
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773597794
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
How should the metropolis be governed? What is the appropriate scale to consider and organize local governance and communities? Bringing together an interdisciplinary and international body of scholarly work, City-Regions in Prospect? explores the city-region as both an evolving concept and as a growing area of planning practice. Contributors raise critical questions about the ways in which governance reform is being reshaped and whether current trends towards rescaling and rebounding cities actually address local challenges of urbanization and globalization. These essays highlight the tensions and uncertainties between the city-region as a concept and the experiences of local communities when municipal policies are applied. Proposing a challenge to scholars and municipal leaders to account for flexibility, adaptability to local contexts, social robustness, and community engagement, City-Regions in Prospect? Captures the growing relevance and importance of cities in a rapidly urbanizing world.

The Futures of the City Region

Author: Michael Neuman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131798627X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Does the ‘city region’ constitute a new departure in urbanisation? If so, what are the key elements of that departure? The realities of the urban in the 21st century are increasingly complex and polychromatic. The rise of global networks enabled by supranational administrations, both governmental and corporate, strongly influences and structures the management of urban life. How we conceive the city region has intellectual and practical consequences. First, in helping us grasp rapidly changing realities; and second in facilitating the flow of resources, ideas and learning to enhance the quality of life of citizens. Two themes interweave through this collection, within this broad palette. First are the socio-spatial constructs and their relationship to the empirical evidence of change in the physical and functional aspects of urban form. Second is what they mean for the spatial scales of governance. This latter theme explores territorially based understandings of intervention and the changing set of political concerns in selected case studies. In efforts to address these issues and improve upon knowledge, this collection brings together international scholars building new data-driven, cross-disciplinary theories to create new images of the city region that may prove to supplement if not supplant old ones. The book illustrates the dialectical interplay of theory and fact, time and space, and spatial and institutional which expands on our intellectual grasp of the theoretical debates on ‘city-regions’ through ‘practical knowing’, citing examples from Europe, the United States, Australasia, and beyond. This book was originally published as a Special Issue of Regional Studies.

Effects of Globalisation on City Regions

Author: Ansgar Baums
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 363837873X
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Essay from the year 2005 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 20, University of St Andrews (Department of Economics), language: English, abstract: The debate about the effects of globalisation on cities is controversial. On the one hand, scientists and journalists predicted “the end of the city” due to technological change, especially in the area of telecommunications – implying that an increased number of home-workers and the possibilities of video-conferences would make calm suburbs or rural areas more attractive in comparison to a grid-locked and expensive downtown area.1 Yet, whenever the abstract idea of globalisation is illustrated in newspapers or TV, it is not a suburb or the green hills of Fife that are shown. Rather, symbols of globalisation like Manhattan or Tokyo look more like Ridley Scott’s “Nighttown” in Bladerunner. In contrast to the prediction of declining cities, globalisation seems to boost the growth of cities in a way that many scientists – influenced by the ideas of Alfred Marshall and Joseph Schumpeter started to write about “global cities”, “world-cities” or “global city-regions”. Leamer/Storper called global cities the “big winners” of the Internet Age.2 But what are exactly the effects of globalisation on the functions and economy of cities? In order to examine these effects, it is useful to address two questions: (1) why do firms choose cities as a location in general? (section 2.1); and (2) how does globalisation affect this reasoning? (section 2.2). Section 3 summarises the results.

City Leadership

Author: Adam Marshall
Publisher: Institute for Public Policy Research
ISBN: 9780955232718
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
England is one of the most centralised countries in the developed world - and its cities lack financial power. Big economic development decisions are taken by Whitehall and by unelected regional quangos. Policymakers agree that cities need more powers, but there's no consensus on how to devolve.City Leadership examines the economic case for financial devolution, using original research in Birmingham, Liverpool and Barnsley. It argues that Government must devolve substantial spending and revenue-raising powers to our biggest city-regions, starting with Greater Machester and Birmingham. The report feeds into the Lyons Inquiry, Local Government White Paper and Comprehensive Spending Review.

Entrepreneurial Learning City Regions

Author: Judith James
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319611305
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This book proposes an alternative strategy to improve and sustain prosperity, through the creation of an entrepreneurial culture in learning cities or city regions. The edited collection provides insights into how entrepreneurship, education, job creation and social inclusion can be aligned through entrepreneurial learning, in the context of territorial development. With rich and varied contributions from a wide field, including policy makers, entrepreneurs, an investment banker, leaders of universities and councils, the voluntary sector, scientists, educators and students, it reviews and assesses how learning cities and regions may become more prosperous by investing in the development of entrepreneurial skills throughout lifelong learning. Reinforced by examples on developing and retaining entrepreneurial people, this book contributes to our understanding of how entrepreneurial learning can be fostered in different city and city-region contexts. It makes an interesting contribution to the field in terms of mapping out complex issues and testing the practical validity of the concept, while also providing rich and insightful case studies centred on the Welsh experience with entrepreneurial learning city regions. The high quality international contributions demonstrate the new worldwide interest in developing an entrepreneurial culture for the benefit of a city or region, rather than an entrepreneurial mind-set for individual benefit. This fascinating subject will be of interest to many social scientists, policymakers, and practitioners. It will be found especially valuable for professionals involved in economic, inclusive and sustainable city or regional development.