Colour Measurement

Author: M. L. Gulrajani
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857090194
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The measurement of colour is important in many commercial operations and professions, such as bleaching and colouration of textiles, applications of paints, dentistry and colouration of food products. This book will discuss colour measurement theories, the latest technological and scientific developments of measuring colour and the applications of colour measurement. Part one reviews the underlying theories, principles and methods of how to measure colour. It includes topics such as expressing colours numerically, camera based colour measurement, colour shade sorting and determining and improving the accuracy of colour measurement. Part two presents a selection of industrial applications illustrating the use of colour measurement in textiles, paint, teeth, hair and food. With its international range of contributors, Colour measurement: Principles, advances and industrial applications is beneficial to a variety of readers such as colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers, dentists, cosmetologists and anyone who uses colour in their work. It will also be a valuable reference for academics and students studying design, fashion or colour related subjects. Discusses colour measurement theories and the latest technological and scientific developments of measuring colour Case studies illustrate camera based colour measurement and review visual and instrumental evaluation of whiteness and yellowness applications in industries including cosmetics and dentistry Motivations for colour measurement are explored to answer questions raised as to why colours do not match and explain factors such as wet and dry fabric differences

Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing

Author: M Clark
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093975
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Dyeing is one of the most effective and popular methods used for colouring textiles and other materials. Dyes are employed in a variety of industries, from cosmetic production to the medical sector. The two volumes of the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing provide a detailed review of the latest techniques and equipment used in the dyeing industry, as well as examining dyes and their application in a number of different industrial sectors. Volume 1 deals with the principles of dyeing and techniques used in the dyeing process, and looks at the different types of dyes currently available. Part one begins with a general introduction to dyeing, which is followed by chapters that examine various aspects of the dyeing process, from the pre-treatment of textiles to the machinery employed. Chapters in part two then review the main types of dyes used today, including disperse dyes, acid dyes, fluorescent dyes, and many others for a diverse range of applications. With its distinguished editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing is an essential reference for designers, colour technologists and product developers working in a variety of sectors, and will also be suitable for academic use. Examines dyeing and its application in a number of different industrial sectors Deals with the principles of dyeing and techniques used in the dyeing process, as well as types of dyes currently available Chapters review various dye types right through to modelling and predicting dye properties and the chemistry of dyeing

Principles of Colour and Appearance Measurement

Author: Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423885
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Colour and appearance perceptions are very complex psychological phenomena. Written by one of the foremost authorities in the field, this major two-volume work addresses the key topics required to understand the issues and manage colour effectively. Principles of colour appearance and measurement Volume 2 addresses the visual measurement of colour, methods of comparing colours, and the management of colour in industry. Volume 2 begins with an overview of the visual measurement of colour. Chapter 1 discusses means of colour communication and various visual attributes of colour. Chapter 2 then focuses on several popular colour order systems, and chapter 3 discusses various colour difference formulae and their use in colour comparison and control. Subsequent chapters review instrumental colorant formulation, metamerism, chromatic adaptation and colour constancy, methods of shade sorting and digital colour reproduction. Addresses the means of colour communication and the various attributes of colour Examines colour order systems and the methods of colour comparison Reviews the management of colour in industry

Colour Design

Author: J Best
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095536
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Given its importance in analysing and influencing the world around us, an understanding of colour is a vital tool in any design process. Colour design provides a comprehensive review of the issues surrounding the use of colour, from the fundamental principles of what colour is to its important applications across a vast range of industries. Part one covers the main principles and theories of colour, focusing on the human visual system and the psychology of colour perception. Part two goes on to review colour measurement and description, including consideration of international standards, approval methods for textiles and lithographic printing, and colour communication issues. Forecasting colour trends and methods for design enhancement are then discussed in part three along with the history of colour theory, dyes and pigments, and an overview of dye and print techniques. Finally, part four considers the use of colour across a range of specific applications, from fashion, art and interiors, to food and website design. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Colour design is an invaluable reference tool for all those researching or working with colour and design in any capacity. Provides a comprehensive review of the issues surrounding the use of colour in textiles Discusses the application of colour across a vast range of industries Chapters cover the theories, measurement and description of colour, forecasting colour trends and methods for design enhancement

Principles of Textile Finishing

Author: Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081006616
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Principles of Textile Finishing presents the latest information on textile finishing for industry professionals and researchers who are new to the field. As these processes are versatile and varied in their applications, the book provides information on how decisions on finishes and techniques may be made subjectively or based on experience. In addition, the book presents the desired final properties of textile materials and how they differ widely from product to product, helping finishers who face significant challenges in delivering fabrics that meet the requirements of end-users be successful. Written by an author who is an expert in the field, and who has with many years of experience in industry and academia, this book provides an accessible introduction to the principles, types, and applications of textile finishes. Provides an accessible introduction to the principles, types, and applications of textile finishes Assists industry professionals and researchers in selecting finishes that will result in fabric properties that meet the requirements of end-users Written by an author with years of experience in industry and academia and who is an expert in the field

Soft Computing

Author: Wolfram-Manfred Lippe
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540292748
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Neuronale Netze sind parallele datenverarbeitende Strukturen, die sich selbst verändern können. Mittels dieser Fähigkeit versucht ein Neuronales Netz ein durch Trainingsbeispiele vorgegebenes Ein- und Ausgabeverhalten nachzuahmen und Interpolationseigenschaften zu entwickeln. Fuzzy-Logic ist eine Erweiterung der klassischen Logik in dem Sinne, dass sie statt zwei Werten sämtliche Werte aus aus dem Intervall [0,1] als Wahrheitswerte zulässt. Mit solchen Fuzzy-Werten können vage oder unsichere Daten aus der realen Welt, wie z.B. die linguistischen Terme kurz oder leicht, einfach und zutreffend modelliert werden. Der Autor gibt eine umfassende Einführung in die Theorie und Praxis der natürlichen Informationsverarbeitung, der künstlichen Neuronalen Netze, der Fuzzy-Logic und der genetischen Algorithmen sowie der Kombination der letzten drei genannten Gebiete zu komplexeren Modellen des Soft-Computing . Zudem werden praktische Anwendungen wie die Optimierung von Fuzzy-Controllern mittels Neuronaler Netze beschrieben.

Substrat und Textilbeschichtung

Author: Andreas Giessmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642014178
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das Buch liefert einen Überblick über Verfahren und Technologien der Beschichtungs- und Kaschierindustrie, die insbesondere bei der Herstellung technischer Textilien zum Einsatz kommen. Der Autor behandelt unterschiedliche Substrate und Beschichtungsmassen, die Verfahrenstechnik sowie Anlagen und Anlagenkomponenten. In der 2. Auflage werden neue, verbesserte Trocknungssysteme sowie die Beschichtung medizinischer Produkte beschrieben. Ferner wurde die aktuelle Auflage um ein Kapitel zur Anwendung von Plastisolen und Additiven ergänzt.

Der lange Weg zur Freiheit

Author: Nelson Mandela
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104031541
Format: PDF, Mobi
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»Ich bin einer von ungezählten Millionen, die durch Nelson Mandelas Leben inspiriert wurden.« Barack Obama Eine fast drei Jahrzehnte währende Gefängnishaft ließ Nelson Mandela zum Mythos der schwarzen Befreiungsbewegung werden. Kaum ein anderer Politiker unserer Zeit symbolisiert heute in solchem Maße die Friedenshoffnungen der Menschheit und den Gedanken der Aussöhnung aller Rassen wie der ehemalige südafrikanische Präsident und Friedensnobelpreisträger. Auch nach seinem Tod finden seine ungebrochene Charakterstärke und Menschenfreundlichkeit die Bewunderung aller friedenswilligen Menschen auf der Welt. Mandelas Lebensgeschichte ist über die politische Bedeutung hinaus ein spannend zu lesendes, kenntnis- und faktenreiches Dokument menschlicher Entwicklung unter Bedingungen und Fährnissen, vor denen die meisten Menschen innerlich wie äußerlich kapituliert haben dürften.