Colour Measurement

Author: M. L. Gulrajani
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857090194
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The measurement of colour is important in many commercial operations and professions, such as bleaching and colouration of textiles, applications of paints, dentistry and colouration of food products. This book will discuss colour measurement theories, the latest technological and scientific developments of measuring colour and the applications of colour measurement. Part one reviews the underlying theories, principles and methods of how to measure colour. It includes topics such as expressing colours numerically, camera based colour measurement, colour shade sorting and determining and improving the accuracy of colour measurement. Part two presents a selection of industrial applications illustrating the use of colour measurement in textiles, paint, teeth, hair and food. With its international range of contributors, Colour measurement: Principles, advances and industrial applications is beneficial to a variety of readers such as colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers, dentists, cosmetologists and anyone who uses colour in their work. It will also be a valuable reference for academics and students studying design, fashion or colour related subjects. Discusses colour measurement theories and the latest technological and scientific developments of measuring colour Case studies illustrate camera based colour measurement and review visual and instrumental evaluation of whiteness and yellowness applications in industries including cosmetics and dentistry Motivations for colour measurement are explored to answer questions raised as to why colours do not match and explain factors such as wet and dry fabric differences

Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing

Author: M Clark
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093975
Format: PDF
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Dyeing is one of the most effective and popular methods used for colouring textiles and other materials. Dyes are employed in a variety of industries, from cosmetic production to the medical sector. The two volumes of the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing provide a detailed review of the latest techniques and equipment used in the dyeing industry, as well as examining dyes and their application in a number of different industrial sectors. Volume 1 deals with the principles of dyeing and techniques used in the dyeing process, and looks at the different types of dyes currently available. Part one begins with a general introduction to dyeing, which is followed by chapters that examine various aspects of the dyeing process, from the pre-treatment of textiles to the machinery employed. Chapters in part two then review the main types of dyes used today, including disperse dyes, acid dyes, fluorescent dyes, and many others for a diverse range of applications. With its distinguished editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing is an essential reference for designers, colour technologists and product developers working in a variety of sectors, and will also be suitable for academic use. Examines dyeing and its application in a number of different industrial sectors Deals with the principles of dyeing and techniques used in the dyeing process, as well as types of dyes currently available Chapters review various dye types right through to modelling and predicting dye properties and the chemistry of dyeing

Principles of Colour and Appearance Measurement

Author: Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423885
Format: PDF
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Colour and appearance perceptions are very complex psychological phenomena. Written by one of the foremost authorities in the field, this major two-volume work addresses the key topics required to understand the issues and manage colour effectively. Principles of colour appearance and measurement Volume 2 addresses the visual measurement of colour, methods of comparing colours, and the management of colour in industry. Volume 2 begins with an overview of the visual measurement of colour. Chapter 1 discusses means of colour communication and various visual attributes of colour. Chapter 2 then focuses on several popular colour order systems, and chapter 3 discusses various colour difference formulae and their use in colour comparison and control. Subsequent chapters review instrumental colorant formulation, metamerism, chromatic adaptation and colour constancy, methods of shade sorting and digital colour reproduction. Addresses the means of colour communication and the various attributes of colour Examines colour order systems and the methods of colour comparison Reviews the management of colour in industry

Colour Design

Author: J Best
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095536
Format: PDF
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Given its importance in analysing and influencing the world around us, an understanding of colour is a vital tool in any design process. Colour design provides a comprehensive review of the issues surrounding the use of colour, from the fundamental principles of what colour is to its important applications across a vast range of industries. Part one covers the main principles and theories of colour, focusing on the human visual system and the psychology of colour perception. Part two goes on to review colour measurement and description, including consideration of international standards, approval methods for textiles and lithographic printing, and colour communication issues. Forecasting colour trends and methods for design enhancement are then discussed in part three along with the history of colour theory, dyes and pigments, and an overview of dye and print techniques. Finally, part four considers the use of colour across a range of specific applications, from fashion, art and interiors, to food and website design. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Colour design is an invaluable reference tool for all those researching or working with colour and design in any capacity. Provides a comprehensive review of the issues surrounding the use of colour in textiles Discusses the application of colour across a vast range of industries Chapters cover the theories, measurement and description of colour, forecasting colour trends and methods for design enhancement

Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel

Author: Jinlian Hu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093606
Format: PDF
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Computer technology has transformed textiles from their design through to their manufacture and has contributed to significant advances in the textile industry. Computer technology for textiles and apparel provides an overview of these innovative developments for a wide range of applications, covering topics including structure and defect analysis, modelling and simulation, and apparel design. The book is divided into three parts. Part one provides a review of different computer-based technologies suitable for textile materials, and includes chapters on computer technology for yarn and fabric structure analysis, defect analysis and measurement. Chapters in part two discuss modelling and simulation principles of fibres, yarns, textiles and garments, while part three concludes with a review of computer-based technologies specific to apparel and apparel design, with themes ranging from 3D body scanning to the teaching of computer-aided design to fashion students. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Computer technology for textiles and apparel is an invaluable tool for a wide range of people involved in the textile industry, from designers and manufacturers to fibre scientists and quality inspectors. Provides an overview of innovative developments in computer technology for a wide range of applications Covers structure and defect analysis, modelling and simulation and apparel design Themes range from 3D body scanning to the teaching of computer-aided design to fashion students

High Performance Apparel

Author: John McLoughlin
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081009348
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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High-Performance Apparel: Materials, Development, and Applications covers the materials and techniques used in creating high-performance apparel, the technical aspects of developing high-performance garments, and an array of applications for high-performance clothing and wearable technology. Part One covers fabric construction for high-performance garments, from fiber types and spinning methods, to weaving, knitting, finishing, and joining techniques. Development of high-performance apparel is covered in Part Two, with particular emphasis on design and product development for function and wearer comfort. Part Three covers a range of applications and wearable technology that make use of high-performance apparel, including chapters on sportswear, protective clothing, and medical, military, and intelligent textiles. The book provides an excellent resource for all those engaged in garment development and production, and for academics engaged in research into apparel technology and textile science. Offers a range of perspectives on high-performance apparel from an international team of authors with diverse expertise Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic from fabric construction, through apparel design and development, to the range of current and potential applications Presents an excellent resource for all those engaged in garment development and production, and for academics engaged in research

Braiding Technology for Textiles

Author: Yordan Kyosev
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099213
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Braided fabrics are made by interlacing yarns or strips of fabric. Braiding produces a wide range of structures for technical textile applications from medical sutures to cables for anchoring ships. Written by one of the world’s leading experts in the field, the book reviews the basic principles, design and processes used in braiding. The book also discusses specialised braiding techniques such as spiral braiding and lace technology. Provides a solid foundation in the fundamentals of braiding design, processes and machinery Covers the patterning of braided products and the structural and colour design of both flat and tubular braids Reviews maypole braiding machines and mechanics

Advances in Smart Medical Textiles

Author: Lieva van Langenhove
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424008
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Advances in Smart Medical Textiles: Treatments and Health Monitoring provides comprehensive coverage on smart textiles, the emerging and important materials that are finding applications in the fields of medicine and healthcare. The book explores the range of smart textiles available for use in medicine and the transfer of these innovative technologies into medical applications. Early chapters survey various smart fibers, fabrics, and finishes, while subsequent sections focus on the role of smart textiles in treating patients, from wound care to rehabilitation, and the use of textile-based sensors and wearable electronics for monitoring patient health. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials used in smart medical textiles Analyzes the application of these textiles in medical treatments and sensors for health monitoring Covers the range of international research in the field and keeps focus on the needs of the textile industry

Multidisciplinary Know How for Smart Textiles Developers

Author: Tünde Kirstein
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093533
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Smart-textiles developers draw on diverse fields of knowledge to produce unique materials with enhanced properties and vast potential. Several disciplines outside the traditional textile area are involved in the construction of these smart textiles, and each individual field has its own language, specific terms and approaches. Multidisciplinary know-how for smart-textiles developers provides a filtered knowledge of these areas of expertise, explaining key expressions and demonstrating their relevance to the smart-textiles field. Following an introduction to the new enabling technologies, commercialisation and market trends that make up the future of smart-textiles development, part one reviews materials employed in the production of smart textiles. Types and processing of electro-conductive and semiconducting materials, optical fibres for smart photonic textiles, conductive nanofibres and nanocoatings, polymer-based resistive sensors, and soft capacitance fibres for touch-sensitive smart textiles are all discussed. Part two then investigates such technologies as the embedding of electronic functions, the integration of thin-film electronics, and the development of organic and large-area electronic (OLAE) technologies for smart textiles. Joining technologies are also discussed, alongside kinetic, thermoelectric and solar energy harvesting technologies, and signal processing technologies for activity-aware smart textiles. Finally, product development and applications are the focus of part three, which investigates strategies for technology management, innovation and improved sustainability, before the book concludes by exploring medical, automotive and architectural applications of smart textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Multidisciplinary know-how for smart-textiles developers is a key tool for readers working in industries including design, fashion, textiles, through to electronics, computing and material science. It also provides a useful guide to the subject for academics working across a wide range of fields. Reviews materials used in the production of smart textiles Examines the technologies used in smart textiles, such as optical fibres and polymer based resistive sensors Investigates strategies for technology management, innovation and improved development

Plasma Technologies for Textiles

Author: Roshan Shishoo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845692578
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Plasma technologies present an environmentally-friendly and versatile way of treating textile materials in order to enhance a variety of properties such as wettability, liquid repellency, dyeability and coating adhesion. Recent advances made in commercially viable plasma systems have greatly increased the potential of using plasma technology in industrial textile finishing. This pioneering book provides an essential guide to both the technology and science related to plasmas and its practical applications in the textile industry. The first part of the book discusses the science and technology behind plasmas. Chapters give detailed and comprehensive descriptions on the characteristics of plasmas and methods of control and treatment in the processing of textiles. Both low pressure cold plasma and atmospheric pressure cold plasma processes are described as well as the diagnosis and control of plasma parameters in plasma generating reactors. A chapter is devoted to the use of plasma technology to achieve nanoscale treatment of textile surfaces. The second part of the book concentrates on specific applications of plasma technologies. Chapters cover treatments for water and oil repellency of textiles, engineering of biomedical textiles and woollen finishing techniques through the use of plasma technologies. Further chapters cover the modification of fibres for use in composites and the potential use of plasma technologies for the finishing of fabrics made of man made fibres. The final chapter in the book gives a comprehensive analysis of the surface chemical and physical characterisation of plasma treated fabrics. Written by a distinguished international team of experts, Plasma technologies for textiles is an invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists alike. Summarises both the science and technology of plasma processing, and its practical applications Discusses how plasma technology improves textile properties such as wettability and liquid repelling An invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists