Company Law and the Law of Succession

Author: Susanne Kalss
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319180118
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is one of the first to link company law to the law of succession by concentrating on family businesses. It shows that, to understand the legal framework underlying the daily operations of family businesses, one needs legal analysis, empirical data, psychological and sociological knowledge. The book works on the premise that, since many businesses have been founded by families, practitioners need to develop an understanding of the legal background of such businesses and build up experience to be able to create contracts, trusts, foundations and other legal mechanisms to give shape to systems and procedures for the transfer of shares and control within the family. Comparing the national legal order, techniques, and mechanisms in a range of countries, the book examines parallel developments in these fields of law across the world. Finally, it demonstrates the room for companies, shareholders and the members of a family to develop individual solutions within the legal framework for transferring businesses and shares to the next generation.

General Reports of the XIXth Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law Rapports G n raux du XIX me Congr s de l Acad mie Internationale de Droit Compar

Author: Martin Schauer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 940241066X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book deals with convergences of legal doctrine despite jurisdictional, cultural, and political barriers, and of divergences due to such barriers, examining topics that are of vital importance to contemporary legal scholars. Written by leading scholars from more than twenty countries, its thirty-two chapters present a comparative analysis of cutting-edge legal topics of the 21st century. While each of the countries covered stands alone as a sovereign state, in a technologically advanced world their disparate systems nonetheless show comparable strategies in dealing with complex legal issues. The book is a critical addition to the library of any scholar hoping to keep abreast of the major trends in contemporary law. It covers a vast area of topics that are dealt with from a comparative point of view and represents the current state of law in each area. ​

Damages for Violations of Human Rights

Author: Ewa Bagińska
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319189506
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume analyses the legal grounds, premises and extent of pecuniary compensation for violations of human rights in national legal systems. The scope of comparison includes liability regimes in general and in detail, the correlation between pecuniary remedies available under international law and under domestic law, and special (alternative) compensation systems. All sources of human rights violations are embraced, including historical injustices and systematical and gross violations. The book is a collection of nineteen contributions written by public international law, international human rights and private law experts, covering fifteen European jurisdictions (including Central and Eastern Europe), the United States, Israel and EU law. The contributions, initially prepared for the 19th International Congress of Comparative law in Vienna (2014), present the latest developments in legislation, scholarship and case-law concerning domestic causes of action in cases of human rights abuses. The book concludes with a comparative report which assesses the developments in tort law and public liability law, the role of the constitutionalisation of the right to damages as well as the court practice related to the process of enforcement of human rights through monetary remedies. This country-by-country comparison allows to consider whether the value of protection of human rights as expressed in international treaties, ius cogens and in national constitutional laws justifies the conclusion that the interests at stake should enjoy protection under the existing civil liability rules, or that a new cause of action, or even a whole new set of rules, should be created in national systems.

Codification in East Asia

Author: Wen-Yeu Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319034464
Format: PDF
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This book looks at codification from a broad, international perspective, discussing general themes as well as various legal fields. Since codification is a subject of intense current interest in East Asia, this second volume on codification is dedicated to the sub-theme of codification and legal transplant in this area, focusing on China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan. It includes two papers that discuss development of codification in East Asia and Korea in particular. It is also comprised of two reports that draw comparative lessons from Japan, India and Indonesia. In addition, this volume consists of four general reports and 19 national reports that guide readers through the knowledge of codification of commercial law, administrative law, civil law and private international law in East Asia. This book is developed from papers presented at the 2012 Thematic Conference of the International Academy of Comparative Law.

Treatment of Foreign Law Dynamics towards Convergence

Author: Yuko Nishitani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319565745
Format: PDF, Docs
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This work presents a thorough investigation of existing rules and features of the treatment of foreign law in various jurisdictions. Private international law (conflict of laws) and civil procedure rules concerning the application and ascertainment of foreign law differ significantly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Combining general and individual national reports, this volume demonstrates when and how foreign law is applied, ascertained, interpreted and reviewed by appeal courts. Traditionally, conflicts lawyers have been faced with two contrasting approaches. Civil law jurisdictions characterize foreign law as “law” and provide for the ex officio application and ascertainment of foreign law by judges. Common law jurisdictions consider foreign law as “fact” and require that parties plead and prove foreign law. A closer look at various reports, however, reveals more differentiated features with their own nuances among civil law jurisdictions, and the difference of the treatment of foreign law from other facts in common law jurisdictions. This challenges the appropriacy of the conventional “law-fact” dichotomy. This book further examines the need for facilitating access to foreign law. After carefully analyzing the benefits and drawbacks of existing instruments, this book explores alternative methods for enhancing access to foreign law and considers practical ways of obtaining information on foreign law. It remains to be seen whether and the extent to which legal systems around the world will integrate and converge in their treatment of foreign law.

General Reports of the Xixth Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law Rapports G n raux Du Xix me Congr s de L Acad mie Internationale

Author: Martin Schauer
Publisher: Ius Comparatum - Global Studie
ISBN: 9789402414813
Format: PDF
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This book deals with convergences of legal doctrine despite jurisdictional, cultural, and political barriers, and of divergences due to such barriers, examining topics that are of vital importance to contemporary legal scholars. Written by leading scholars from more than twenty countries, its thirty-two chapters present a comparative analysis of cutting-edge legal topics of the 21st century. While each of the countries covered stands alone as a sovereign state, in a technologically advanced world their disparate systems nonetheless show comparable strategies in dealing with complex legal issues. The book is a critical addition to the library of any scholar hoping to keep abreast of the major trends in contemporary law. It covers a vast area of topics that are dealt with from a comparative point of view and represents the current state of law in each area. ​

Das islamische Recht

Author: Mathias Rohe
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406628486
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Erstmals beschreibt in diesem Buch ein islamwissenschaftlich geschulter Jurist Entstehung, Entwicklung und gegenwärtige Ausformung des islamischen Rechts. Mathias Rohe erläutert die wichtigsten islamischem Rechtsquellen und Rechtsfindungsmethoden und schildert in Grundzügen die Regelungsbereiche des klassischen islamischen Rechts: Ehe- und Familienrecht, Erbrecht, Vertrags- und Wirtschaftsrecht, Gesellschaftsrecht, Eigentumsrecht, Strafrecht, Staats- und Verwaltungsrecht, Fremden- und Völkerrecht. Dabei kommen auch grundlegende Unterschiede zwischen Sunniten, Schiiten und anderen Richtungen zur Sprache. Sein besonderes Augenmerk gilt den Regelungen für Muslime in einer nichtislamischen Umgebung, vor allem in Deutschland. Ein Ausblick auf Perspektiven des islamischen Rechts in einer globalisierten Welt beschließt dieses anschaulich geschriebene Standardwerk. Für die vorliegende dritte Auflage wurde das Buch überarbeitet, aktualisiert und erweitert. „Mathias Rohe hat ein ausgezeichnetes Buch über die wichtigsten Schattierungen der Scharia verfasst. Dessen Lektüre ist Pflicht für jeden, dem ernsthaft an der Integration gelegen ist.“ (Andreas Zielke, Süddeutsche Zeitung) „Wer Aufklärung verschenken will, möge zum christlichsten aller Feste das Buch von Matthias Rohe unter den Baum legen. (...) Es hat das Zeug zu einem Standardwerk. Und es füllt eine Lücke, die Missverständnisse und die einseitige Wahrnehmung konservativer Islamauslegung reißen.“ (Thoralf Schwanitz, Andreas Kurz, Financial Times Deutschland)

Gewinnausgleich

Author: Kristin Boosfeld
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161539107
Format: PDF, Mobi
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English summary: Kristin Boosfeld depicts the heterogeneous traditions of disgorgement of profits in French, Dutch and English law. On this basis, she develops criteria to give a consistent answer to the question whether and to what extent profits, be they made by violation of property or any other right, should be disgorged. German description: Wird unter Verletzung fremder Rechte ein Gewinn erzielt, so stellt sich die Frage, wem dieser zusteht: dem Rechtsinhaber, der zur Gewinnerzielung nicht beigetragen hat, oder dem Gewinnerzielenden, der ohne das fremde Recht den Gewinn nicht erzielt hatte. Kristin Boosfeld stellt die in Frankreich, den Niederlanden und England vertretenen Losungsansatze gegenuber und stellt fest, dass nicht nur zwischen, sondern auch innerhalb der untersuchten Rechtsordnungen keine einheitlichen Argumentationsmuster bestehen. Je nachdem, welches Recht betroffen ist, sollen unterschiedliche Haftungsregimes greifen. Die hieraus folgenden Wertungswiderspruche sucht sie durch eine einheitliche Begrundung des Gewinnausgleichs aufzulosen und geht der Frage nach, auf der Grundlage welcher Kriterien festgestellt werden kann, ob und in welcher Form ein Ausgleich in rechtswidriger Weise erzielten Gewinns zu erfolgen hat.

Rechtsinformatik und Wissensrepr sentation

Author: Erich Schweighofer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783211832165
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Erstmals gibt es eine umfassende Analyse aller Methoden juristischer Wissensrepräsentation aus der Sicht der Rechtswissenschaft wie der Informatik (insbes. Information Retrieval and Artificial Intelligence). Das Recht wird als Informationssystem mit rechtlich formalisierten Informationsprozessen gesehen. Für die nunmehr erforderliche begriffliche Indexierung und automatische Analyse von Rechtstexten in Information Retrieval-Systemen wird das begriffsbasierte Wissensmodell mit Einbeziehung der Rechtssprache vorgeschlagen. Die Wissensbasis enthält in formaler Form alle Textsegmente, die für eine weitere dogmatische Analyse von Bedeutung sind. Die Wissensakquisition wird mit Statistik und selbstorganisierenden Karten unterstützt, das Ergebnis der Textanalyse mit automatisch generierten Hypertextlinks präsentiert. Die vier Fallstudien im Völker- und Europarecht zeigen das große Potential dieser Methode.