Comparison of Legal and Illegal Markets in Relation to the Organized Crime

Author: Alexander Bösenberg
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 364032658X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Sociology - Medical Care, printed single-sided, grade: 1,7, http: //www.uni-jena.de/ (Soziologie), course: Studies on Mafia and Economic Sociology, language: English, abstract: Cigarettes smuggling, gambling, prostitution, waste disposal, extortion, tax dodging and drug selling sounds like typically characteristics for the Mafia. It's clear, that these "branches" fall automatically into the hands of organized crime because they have nothing to do with legality and fair-play in modern state. But it's also clear, that illegal markets exist and that they work very efficient and profitable. For example the worldwide drug traffic achieved a various volume of ca. 600 to 1000 billion US $ each year (Schneider, 2006). That's more money used for drugs than for public research in the United States. So we can assume that illegal markets have a basis in supply and demand and they are important and present in every economy. On the other side there is a general liability to pure capitalism in every economy - legal and illegal. This mean, that entrepreneurs are stronger confronted by business competition, changing politics and locations, the phenomenon of globalization and fast changing trade conditions everywhere. The main target is still the same: having low costs as possible and a maximum of profit to survive. This paper wants to show the different terms and methods of legal and illegal markets and their entrepreneurs especially the organized crime. It also shows that legal and illegal activities particularly overlap.

Organized Crime

Author: Klaus von Lampe
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 150630513X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Organized Crime: Analyzing Illegal Activities, Criminal Structures, and Extra-legal Governance provides a systematic overview of the processes and structures commonly labeled “organized crime,” drawing on the pertinent empirical and theoretical literature primarily from North America, Europe, and Australia. The main emphasis is placed on a comprehensive classificatory scheme that highlights underlying patterns and dynamics, rather than particular historical manifestations of organized crime. Esteemed author Klaus von Lampe strategically breaks the book down into three key dimensions: (1) illegal activities, (2) patterns of interpersonal relations that are directly or indirectly supporting these illegal activities, and (3) overarching illegal power structures that regulate and control these illegal activities and also extend their influence into the legal spheres of society. Within this framework, numerous case studies and topical issues from a variety of countries illustrate meaningful application of the conceptual and theoretical discussion.

Illegal Markets and the Economics of Organized Crime

Author: Martin Bouchard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317987500
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book showcases recent advances in the theoretical and empirical understanding of the economic aspects of organised crime and illegal markets. It provides new insights into defining and quantifying the influence of organised crime by drawing on innovative approaches to studying criminal networks and organisations such as the Hells Angels. The book includes analysis of the structure of illegal drug markets from international leaders in the field. Finally the text includes empirical case studies of the diverse markets where organised crime is currently active including the illegal market for crystal methamphetamine in Australia, tiger products in China and the falcon and fur trades in Russia. This book was based on a special issue of Global Crime.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender Sex and Crime

Author: Rosemary Gartner
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199838704
Format: PDF
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The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide.

Strategies of the EU and the US in Combating Transnational Organized Crime

Author: Brice Ruyver
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9062158196
Format: PDF, ePub
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From 23 to 26 January 2001 the incoming Belgian Presidency of the European Union organized an international conference on the strategies of the European Union and the United States in combating transnational organized crime. The conference gathered policy-makers, police and judicial authorities and other actors with a view to discussing important problems regarding the fight against organized crime. Apart from focusing on the European dimension of the subject (including Eastern Europe), the conference primarily addressed co-operation with the United States. This book collects, along with a number of plenary reports, texts that have been presented and discussed at the conference during the workshops, dealing with integrity and control on information exchange, cross-border operational activities, international/regional framework to fight organized crime, intelligence gathering in the context of peace-keeping activities, training of law enforcement authorities, integrity/corruption, drug trafficking, trafficking in human beings, money laundering and cyber crime.

Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment 2010 2011

Author:
Publisher: CSD
ISBN: 9544771859
Format: PDF
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"The report analyses the current state and trends in serious and organised crime in Bulgaria. The report estimates the threats generated by these criminal activities and ranks them according to the harm they cause Bulgarian society. The analysis is intended to support a better informed evidence-based design of anti-crime policies."--Editor.

Organised Crime in Europe

Author: Cyrille Fijnaut
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402027656
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume represents the first attempt to systematically compare organised crime concepts, as well as historical and contemporary patterns and control policies in thirteen European countries. These include seven ‘old’ EU Member States, two ‘new’ members, a candidate country, and three non-EU countries. Based on a standardised research protocol, thirty-three experts from different legal and social disciplines provide insight through detailed country reports. On this basis, the editors compare organised crime patterns and policies in Europe and assess EU initiatives against organised crime.