Composite Sampling

Author: Ganapati P. Patil
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441976284
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sampling consists of selection, acquisition, and quantification of a part of the population. While selection and acquisition apply to physical sampling units of the population, quantification pertains only to the variable of interest, which is a particular characteristic of the sampling units. A sampling procedure is expected to provide a sample that is representative with respect to some specified criteria. Composite sampling, under idealized conditions, incurs no loss of information for estimating the population means. But an important limitation to the method has been the loss of information on individual sample values, such as, the extremely large value. In many of the situations where individual sample values are of interest or concern, composite sampling methods can be suitably modified to retrieve the information on individual sample values that may be lost due to compositing. This book presents statistical solutions to issues that arise in the context of applications of composite sampling.

Multivariate Methods of Representing Relations in R for Prioritization Purposes

Author: Wayne L. Myers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461431212
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This monograph is multivariate, multi-perspective and multipurpose. We intend to be innovatively integrative through statistical synthesis. Innovation requires capacity to operate in ways that are not ordinary, which means that conventional computations and generic graphics will not meet the needs of an adaptive approach. Flexible formulation and special schematics are essential elements that must be manageable and economical.

Ranking and Prioritization for Multi indicator Systems

Author: Rainer Brüggemann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441984777
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides axioms of partial order and some basic material, for example consequences of “criss-crossing” of data profiles, the role of aggregations of the indicators and the powerful method of formal concept analysis. The interested reader will learn how to apply fuzzy methods in partial order analysis and what ‘antagonistic indicator’ means.

Environmental Statistics Assessment and Forecasting

Author: C. Richard Cothern
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780873719360
Format: PDF, ePub
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Environmental Statistics, Assessment, and Forecasting examines the current efforts to develop a coherent picture of national and regional environmental trends and conditions. The book includes sampling methodologies, statistical analysis techniques, environmental modeling, graphic presentation, including geographic information systems (GIS), and the problems involved in forecasting the future. The sampling and statistical techniques discussed include dealing with large variability and soft data; composite sampling; methods for combining data; data below the detection level; multivariate data; spatially censored, artificially censored, and incomplete data; kriging; and imputation. Geographic information system (GIS) analysis is discussed in the context of database management systems. Also covered are topics involved in the future of environmental statistics, including research planning, a bureau of environmental statistics, global interactions, and communication techniques. The book will interest statistical analysts, environmental planners, scientists, regulators, and policy makers in government, industry, and environmental groups.

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Author: Abdel H. El-Shaarawi
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471899976
Format: PDF, ePub
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A comprehensive overview of environmetric research and its applications... Environmetrics covers the development and application of quantitative methods in the environmental sciences. It provides essential tools for understanding, predicting, and controlling the impacts of agents, both man-made and natural, which affect the environment. Basic and applied research in this area covers a broad range of topics. Primary among these are the quantitative sciences, such as statistics, probability and applied mathematics, chemometrics, and econometrics. Applications are also important, for example in, ecology and environmental biology, public health, atmospheric science, geology, engineering, risk management, and regulatory/governmental policy amongst others. * Divided into 12 sections, the Encyclopedia brings together over 600 detailed articles which have been carefully selected and reviewed through the collaborative efforts of the Editors-in-Chief and the appropriate Section Editor * Presented in alphabetical order all the articles will include an explanatory introduction, extensive cross-referencing and an up-to-date bibliography providing literature references for further reading. Presenting state of the art information in a readable, highly accessible style, the scope and coverage provided by the Encyclopedia of Environmetrics will ensure its place as the landmark reference for the many scientists, educators, and decision-makers working across this multidisciplinary field. An essential reference tool for university libraries, research laboratories, government institutions and consultancies concerned with the environmental sciences, the Encyclopedia of Environmetrics brings together for the first time, comprehensive coverage of the full range of topics, techniques and applications covered by this multidisciplinary field. There is currently no central reference source which addresses the needs of this multidisciplinary community. This new Encyclopedia will fill this gap by providing a comprehensive source of relevant fundamental concepts in environmetric research, development and applications for statisticians, mathematicians, economists, environmentalists, ecologist, government officials and policy makers.

Environmental Statistics

Author: Ganapati P. Patil
Publisher: North Holland
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Hardbound. Environmental statistics is in a take-off stage both for reasons of societal challenge and statistical opportunity. Environmental statistics is increasingly demanding non-traditional and innovative statistical approaches. This is partly because, unlike in many hard sciences, environmental studies involve space, time, and locally ingenious environmental sampling and monitoring. Also, environmental statistics must satisfy environmental policy research in addition to disciplinary and interdisciplinary environmental research. The chapters written by several outstanding professionals involved in statistics and the environment discuss the current state of the art in different areas of environmental statistics and provide new perspectives and problems for future research, training, policy, and regulation involving statistics and the environment. The book is valuable to researchers, teachers, consultants and graduate students in statistics, environm

Issues in Ecological Research and Application 2011 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464964084
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ecological Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ecological Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Oko Kapitalismus

Author: Paul Hawken
Publisher: New Media German Language
ISBN: 9781400039418
Format: PDF, Docs
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In "Oko- Kapitalismus, three top strategists show how leading hedge companies are practicing "a new type of industrialism" that is more efficient and profitable, while saving the environment and creating jobs. Paul Hawken and Amory and Hunter Lovins write that in the next century cars will get 200 miles per gallon without compromising safety and power, manufacturers will relentlessly recycle their products, and the world's standard of living will jump without further damaging natural resources. "Is this the vision of a utopia? In fact, the changes described here could come about in the decades to come as the result of economic and technological trends already in place," the authors write. Die Wirtschaftsstragien der Zukunft werden sich an der effizienten Nutzung natuerlicher Ressourcen orientieren. Sie werden damit nicht nur umweltbedingte und soziale Probleme loesen, sondern auch Wohlstand bringen. Seit Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts haben wir Menschen die Natur in groesserem Umfang zerstoert als in allen historischen Epochen davor. Saemtliche lebenden Systeme, die Waelder und Grasflaechen, die Savannen und Steppen, die Fluesse und Meere, die Korallenriffe und die Atmosphaere befinden sich in einem Zustand hoechster Gefaehrdung. Nicht nur die erneuerbaren Ressourcen drohen sich zu erschoepfen, das Leben selbst befindet sich auf dem Rueckzug. Wir laufen Gefahr, das natuerliche Kapital der Erde zu verlieren. Fuer Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins und Hunter Lovins offenbaren sich in dieser Entwicklung die Schatten der industriellen Revolution des 19. Jahrhunderts, die zwar zu einer ungeheuren Steigerung der Produktivitaet des einzelnen fuehrte, am Ende jedoch in einen Krieg gegen die Naturmuendete. Was die Autoren fordern, ist ein radikales Umdenken in Richtung auf eine neue Form des Wirtschaftens, in der die Dienstleistungen der Natur nicht ignoriert werden. Die Dienste, die uns die natuerlichen Systeme leisten, sind vielfaeltig. Ein Wald etwa liefert nicht nur Holz. Er bindet auch Kohlendioxid, schuetzt vor UEberschwemmungen, speichert Naehrstoffe in seinem Boden und vieles mehr. Dass wir uns verhalten haben, als waeren diese Dienste wertlos, fuehrt zu einem grossen Desaster. In Wahrheit naemlich ist der Wert dieser Dienstleistungen geradezu unendlich. Keine Technik kann das lebenserhaltende, hochintelligente und komplexe System des Planeten ersetzen. Wuerden wir jedoch tatsaechlich einen Preis ansetzen, dann beliefe sich der Wert der Dienstleistungen des natuerlichen Kapitalstocks, der jedes Jahr direkt in die Gesellschaft fliesst, auf 33 Billionen Dollar. Der natuerliche Kapitalstock selbst waere mit 400 bis 500 Billionen Dollar zu veranschlagen. Aus diesen Zahlen wird deutlich, wie verantwortungslos und verschwenderisch wir in der Vergangenheit gewirtschaftet haben. Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins und Hunter Lovins stellen dem industriellen Kapitalismus ihr Konzept des Oko-Kapitalismus gegenueber, in dem allen Formen des Kapitals ein Wert zuerkannt wird. Die Dienstleistungen der Umwelt sind in diesem System kein zu vernachlaessigender Produktionsfaktor mehr, sondern werden als die Basis angesehen, die den gesamten Wirtschaftsprozess aufrechterhaelt. Innerhalb von 50 Jahren koennten sich der Lebensstandard weltweit verdoppeln, der Ressourcenverbrauch um 80 Prozent zurueckgehen, der Kohlendioxidgehalt der Atmosphaere zum ersten Mal seit 200 Jahren sinken und Arbeit fueralle geschaffen werden. Was die Autoren beschreiben, ist kein Utopia, sondern eroeffnet sich als reale Moeglichkeit. So wie es vor 300 Jahren als unmoeglich angesehen worden waere, dass ein Mensch die Arbeit von hundert vollbringen kann, so mag es heute unrealistisch erscheinen, dass wir die Produktivitaet unserer Ressourcen um den Faktor Hundert steigern koennen. Und doch gibt es bereits Ansaetze fuer diese neue industrielle Revolution. In ihrem Buch haben die Autoren eine enorme Fuelle von Beispielen zusammengetragen, die zeigen, dass ein effizientes Wirtschaften moeglich ist. Sie berichten von technischen Innovationen sowie von neuen Formen der Organisation und der Produktion. Anhand von Konzepten und Loesungsvorschlaegen legen sie dar, wie industrielle Prozesse in Kreislaeufen gestaltet werden koennen, die weit ueber das blosse Recyceln von Altpapier und Glas hinausgehen.