Computational Methods in Biometric Authentication

Author: Michael E. Schuckers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781849962025
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biometrics, the science of using physical traits to identify individuals, is playing an increasing role in our security-conscious society and across the globe. Biometric authentication, or bioauthentication, systems are being used to secure everything from amusement parks to bank accounts to military installations. Yet developments in this field have not been matched by an equivalent improvement in the statistical methods for evaluating these systems. Compensating for this need, this unique text/reference provides a basic statistical methodology for practitioners and testers of bioauthentication devices, supplying a set of rigorous statistical methods for evaluating biometric authentication systems. This framework of methods can be extended and generalized for a wide range of applications and tests. This is the first single resource on statistical methods for estimation and comparison of the performance of biometric authentication systems. The book focuses on six common performance metrics: for each metric, statistical methods are derived for a single system that incorporates confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, sample size calculations, power calculations and prediction intervals. These methods are also extended to allow for the statistical comparison and evaluation of multiple systems for both independent and paired data. Topics and features: * Provides a statistical methodology for the most common biometric performance metrics: failure to enroll (FTE), failure to acquire (FTA), false non-match rate (FNMR), false match rate (FMR), and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves * Presents methods for the comparison of two or more biometric performance metrics * Introduces a new bootstrap methodology for FMR and ROC curve estimation * Supplies more than 120 examples, using publicly available biometric data where possible * Discusses the addition of prediction intervals to the bioauthentication statistical toolset * Describes sample-size and power calculations for FTE, FTA, FNMR and FMR Researchers, managers and decisions makers needing to compare biometric systems across a variety of metrics will find within this reference an invaluable set of statistical tools. Written for an upper-level undergraduate or master’s level audience with a quantitative background, readers are also expected to have an understanding of the topics in a typical undergraduate statistics course. Dr. Michael E. Schuckers is Associate Professor of Statistics at St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY, and a member of the Center for Identification Technology Research.

Neural Information Processing

Author: Bao-Liang Lu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642249647
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume contains all the contributions connected with multi-agent systems, natural language processing and intelligent Web information processing, neural encoding and decoding, neural network models, neuromorphic hardware and implementations, object recognition, and visual perception modelling.

Statistical Methods in Counterterrorism

Author: Alyson Wilson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387352090
Format: PDF
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With the realization that many clues and hints preceded the September 11 terrorist attacks, statisticians became an important part of the global war on terror. This book surveys emerging research at the intersection of national security and statistical sciences. In it, a diverse group of talented researchers address such topics as Syndromic Surveillance; Modeling and Simulation; Biometric Authentication; and Game Theory. The book includes general reviews of quantitative approaches to counterterrorism, for decision makers with policy backgrounds, as well as technical treatments of statistical issues that will appeal to quantitative researchers.

Guide to Biometric Reference Systems and Performance Evaluation

Author: Dijana Petrovska-Delacrétaz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781848002920
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biometrics has moved from using fingerprints to using many methods of assessing human physical and behavioral traits. This guide introduces a new performance evaluation framework designed to offer full coverage of performance evaluation of biometric systems.

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving SocProS 2012 December 28 30 2012

Author: B. V. Babu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132216024
Format: PDF, Docs
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The present book is based on the research papers presented in the International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving (SocProS 2012), held at JK Lakshmipat University, Jaipur, India. This book provides the latest developments in the area of soft computing and covers a variety of topics, including mathematical modeling, image processing, optimization, swarm intelligence, evolutionary algorithms, fuzzy logic, neural networks, forecasting, data mining, etc. The objective of the book is to familiarize the reader with the latest scientific developments that are taking place in various fields and the latest sophisticated problem solving tools that are being developed to deal with the complex and intricate problems that are otherwise difficult to solve by the usual and traditional methods. The book is directed to the researchers and scientists engaged in various fields of Science and Technology.

Advances in Biometrics

Author: Seong-Whan Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540745483
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2007, held in Seoul, Korea, August 2007. Biometric criteria covered by the papers are assigned to face, fingerprint, iris, speech and signature, biometric fusion and performance evaluation, gait, keystrokes, and others. In addition, the volume also announces the results of the Face Authentication Competition, FAC 2006.

Biometric Systems

Author: James L. Wayman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781846280641
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Biometric Systems provides practitioners with an overview of the principles and methods needed to build reliable biometric systems. It covers three main topics: key biometric technologies, design and management issues, and the performance evaluation of biometric systems for personal verification/identification. The four most widely used technologies are focused on - speech, fingerprint, iris and face recognition. Key features include: in-depth coverage of the technical and practical obstacles which are often neglected by application developers and system integrators and which result in shortfalls between expected and actual performance; and protocols and benchmarks which will allow developers to compare performance and track system improvements.

Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns

Author: Xiaoyi Jiang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642037666
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the bienially held International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, CAIP 2009, which took place in Münster, Germany, September 2-4, 2009. The 148 papers presented together with 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 405 submissions. The papers are organized in topical section on: biometrics, calibration, document analysis, features, graph representations, image processing, image registration, image and video retrieval, medical imaging, object and scene recognition, pattern recognition, shape recovery, segmentation, stereo and video analysis, texture analysis, and applications.

Advances in Biometrics

Author: David Zhang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540311119
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2006, held in Hong Kong, China in January 2006. The 104 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 192 submissions. Biometric criteria covered by the papers are assigned to face, fingerprint, iris, speech and signature, biometric fusion and performance evaluation, gait, keystrokes, and others. In addition the results of the Face Authentication Competition (FAC 2006) are also announced in this volume.

Image Analysis And Recognition

Author: Mohamed Kamel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540290699
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition, ICIAR 2005, held in Toronto, Canada, in September 2005.The 153 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 295 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on image segmentation, image and video processing and analysis, image and video coding, shape and matching, image description and recognition, image retrieval and indexing, 3D imaging, morphology, colour analysis, texture analysis, motion analysis, tracking, biomedical applications, face recognition and biometrics, image secret sharing, single-sensor imaging, and real-time imaging.