Computational Number Theory

Author: Abhijit Das
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482205823
Format: PDF
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Developed from the author’s popular graduate-level course, Computational Number Theory presents a complete treatment of number-theoretic algorithms. Avoiding advanced algebra, this self-contained text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in engineering. It is also suitable for researchers new to the field and practitioners of cryptography in industry. Requiring no prior experience with number theory or sophisticated algebraic tools, the book covers many computational aspects of number theory and highlights important and interesting engineering applications. It first builds the foundation of computational number theory by covering the arithmetic of integers and polynomials at a very basic level. It then discusses elliptic curves, primality testing, algorithms for integer factorization, computing discrete logarithms, and methods for sparse linear systems. The text also shows how number-theoretic tools are used in cryptography and cryptanalysis. A dedicated chapter on the application of number theory in public-key cryptography incorporates recent developments in pairing-based cryptography. With an emphasis on implementation issues, the book uses the freely available number-theory calculator GP/PARI to demonstrate complex arithmetic computations. The text includes numerous examples and exercises throughout and omits lengthy proofs, making the material accessible to students and practitioners.

Fundamental Number Theory with Applications

Author: Richard A. Mollin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849339875
Format: PDF, ePub
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Beginning with the arithmetic of the rational integers and proceeding to an introduction of algebraic number theory via quadratic orders, Fundamental Number Theory with Applications reveals intriguing new applications of number theory. This text details aspects of computer science related to cryptography factoring primality testing complexity analysis computer arithmetic computational number theory Fundamental Number Theory with Applications also covers: Carmichael numbers Dirichlet products Jacobsthal sums Mersenne primes perfect numbers powerful numbers self-contained numbers Numerous exercises are included, testing the reader's knowledge of the concepts covered, introducing new and interesting topics, and providing a venue to learn background material. Written by a professor and author who is an accomplished scholar in this field, this book provides the material essential for an introduction to the fundamentals of number theory.

Computational Group Theory and the Theory of Groups

Author: Luise-Charlotte Kappe
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821843656
Format: PDF, Docs
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The power of general purpose computational algebra systems running on personal computers has increased rapidly in recent years. For mathematicians doing research in group theory, this means a growing set of sophisticated computational tools are now available for their use in developing new theoretical results. This volume consists of contributions by researchers invited to the AMS Special Session on Computational Group Theory held in March 2007. The main focus of the session was on the application of Computational Group Theory (CGT) to a wide range of theoretical aspects of group theory.The articles in this volume provide a variety of examples of how these computer systems helped to solve interesting theoretical problems within the discipline, such as constructions of finite simple groups, classification of $p$-groups via coclass, representation theory and constructions involving free nilpotent groups. The volume also includes an article by R. F. Morse highlighting applications of CGT in group theory and two survey articles. Graduate students and researchers interested in various aspects of group theory will find many examples of Computational Group Theory helping research and will recognize it as yet another tool at their disposal.

Combinatorics Automata and Number Theory

Author: Valérie Berthé
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521515971
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This series is devoted to significant topics or themes that have wide application in mathematics or mathematical science and for which a detailed development of the abstract theory is less important than a thorough and concrete exploration of the implications and applications. Books in the Encyclopedia of Mathematics and its Applications cover their subjects comprehensively. Less important results may be summarised as exercises at the ends of chapters, For technicalities, readers can be referred to the bibliography, which is expected to be comprehensive. As a result, volumes are encyclopedic references or manageable guides to major subjects.

Elliptic Curves

Author: Lawrence C. Washington
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420071474
Format: PDF
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Like its bestselling predecessor, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition develops the theory of elliptic curves to provide a basis for both number theoretic and cryptographic applications. With additional exercises, this edition offers more comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theory, techniques, and applications of elliptic curves. New to the Second Edition Chapters on isogenies and hyperelliptic curves A discussion of alternative coordinate systems, such as projective, Jacobian, and Edwards coordinates, along with related computational issues A more complete treatment of the Weil and Tate–Lichtenbaum pairings Doud’s analytic method for computing torsion on elliptic curves over Q An explanation of how to perform calculations with elliptic curves in several popular computer algebra systems Taking a basic approach to elliptic curves, this accessible book prepares readers to tackle more advanced problems in the field. It introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the text, before moving on to interesting applications, such as cryptography, factoring, and primality testing. The book also discusses the use of elliptic curves in Fermat’s Last Theorem. Relevant abstract algebra material on group theory and fields can be found in the appendices.

Elliptic Curves

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Like its bestselling predecessor, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition develops the theory of elliptic curves to provide a basis for both number theoretic and cryptographic applications. With additional exercises, this edition offers more comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theory, techniques, and applications of elliptic curves. New to the Second Edition Chapters on isogenies and hyperelliptic curves A discussion of alternative coordinate systems, such as projective, Jacobian, and Edwards coordinates, along with related computational issues A more complete treatment of the Weil and Tate-Lichtenbaum pairings Doud's analytic method for computing torsion on elliptic curves over Q An explanation of how to perform calculations with elliptic curves in several popular computer algebra systems Taking a basic approach to elliptic curves, this accessible book prepares readers to tackle more advanced problems in the field. It introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the text, before moving on to interesting applications, such as cryptography, factoring, and primality testing. The book also discusses the use of elliptic curves in Fermat's Last Theorem. Relevant abstract algebra material on group theory and fields can be found in the appendices.

Handbook of Computational Group Theory

Author: Derek F. Holt
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420035215
Format: PDF, Docs
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The origins of computation group theory (CGT) date back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Since then, the field has flourished, particularly during the past 30 to 40 years, and today it remains a lively and active branch of mathematics. The Handbook of Computational Group Theory offers the first complete treatment of all the fundamental methods and algorithms in CGT presented at a level accessible even to advanced undergraduate students. It develops the theory of algorithms in full detail and highlights the connections between the different aspects of CGT and other areas of computer algebra. While acknowledging the importance of the complexity analysis of CGT algorithms, the authors' primary focus is on algorithms that perform well in practice rather than on those with the best theoretical complexity. Throughout the book, applications of all the key topics and algorithms to areas both within and outside of mathematics demonstrate how CGT fits into the wider world of mathematics and science. The authors include detailed pseudocode for all of the fundamental algorithms, and provide detailed worked examples that bring the theorems and algorithms to life.

Cryptology and Computational Number Theory

Author: Carl Pomerance
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821801550
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the past dozen or so years, cryptology and computational number theory have become increasingly intertwined. Because the primary cryptologic application of number theory is the apparent intractability of certain computations, these two fields could part in the future and again go their separate ways. But for now, their union is continuing to bring ferment and rapid change in both subjects. This book contains the proceedings of an AMS Short Course in Cryptology and Computational Number Theory, held in August 1989 during the Joint Mathematics Meetings in Boulder, Colorado. These eight papers by six of the top experts in the field will provide readers with a thorough introduction to some of the principal advances in cryptology and computational number theory over the past fifteen years. In addition to an extensive introductory article, the book contains articles on primality testing, discrete logarithms, integer factoring, knapsack cryptosystems, pseudorandom number generators, the theoretical underpinnings of cryptology, and other number theory-based cryptosystems. Requiring only background in elementary number theory, this book is aimed at nonexperts, including graduate students and advanced undergraduates in mathematics and computer science.

Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography

Author: Song Y. Yan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118188616
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The only book to provide a unified view of the interplay betweencomputational number theory and cryptography Computational number theory and modern cryptography are two ofthe most important and fundamental research fields in informationsecurity. In this book, Song Y. Yang combines knowledge of thesetwo critical fields, providing a unified view of the relationshipsbetween computational number theory and cryptography. The authortakes an innovative approach, presenting mathematical ideas first,thereupon treating cryptography as an immediate application of themathematical concepts. The book also presents topics from numbertheory, which are relevant for applications in public-keycryptography, as well as modern topics, such as coding and latticebased cryptography for post-quantum cryptography. The authorfurther covers the current research and applications for commoncryptographic algorithms, describing the mathematical problemsbehind these applications in a manner accessible to computerscientists and engineers. Makes mathematical problems accessible to computer scientistsand engineers by showing their immediate application Presents topics from number theory relevant for public-keycryptography applications Covers modern topics such as coding and lattice basedcryptography for post-quantum cryptography Starts with the basics, then goes into applications and areasof active research Geared at a global audience; classroom tested in North America,Europe, and Asia Incudes exercises in every chapter Instructor resources available on the book’s CompanionWebsite Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography isideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students incomputer science, communications engineering, cryptography andmathematics. Computer scientists, practicing cryptographers, andother professionals involved in various security schemes will alsofind this book to be a helpful reference.