Confronting Catastrophe

Author: R. W. Greene
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480407
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Explores the benefits that GIS technology can offer public officials and IT managers when planning for and reacting to disaster events such as fires, hurricanes, or attacks.

Geographic Information Systems GIS for Disaster Management

Author: Brian Tomaszewski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482211688
Format: PDF
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Geographic Information Systems (GIS) provide essential disaster management decision support and analytical capabilities. As such, homeland security professionals would greatly benefit from an interdisciplinary understanding of GIS and how GIS relates to disaster management, policy, and practice. Assuming no prior knowledge in GIS and/or disaster management, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Disaster Management guides readers through the basics of GIS as it applies to disaster management practice. Using a hands-on approach grounded in relevant GIS and disaster management theory and practice, this textbook provides coverage of the basics of GIS. It examines what GIS can and can’t do, GIS data formats (vector, raster, imagery), and basic GIS functions, including analysis, map production/cartography, and data modeling. It presents a series of real-life case studies that illustrate the GIS concepts discussed in each chapter. These case studies supply readers with an understanding of the applicability of GIS to the full disaster management cycle. Providing equal treatment to each disaster management cycle phase, the book supplies disaster management practitioners and students with coverage of the latest developments in GIS for disaster management and emerging trends. It takes a learning-by-examples approach to help readers apply what they have learned from the examples and disaster management scenarios to their specific situations. The book illustrates how GIS technology can help disaster management professionals, public policy makers, and decision-makers at the town, county, state, federal, and international levels. Offering software-neutral best practices, this book is suitable for use in undergraduate- or graduate-level disaster management courses. Offering extensive career advice on GIS for disaster management from working professionals, the book also includes a GIS for disaster management research agenda and ideas for staying current in the field.

Disaster Response

Author: Gary Amdahl
Publisher: Esri Press
ISBN: 9781879102880
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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From deciding where to build new fire stations and in which stations to keep ladder trucks, to monitoring disasters as they happen, in real time, with only a PC and an Internet connection, from mapping wildfires tens of thousands of acres in size with GPS equipment and a helicopter, to picking up the pieces after a major earthquake, GIS is making emergency management a faster and more accurate means of helping people cope.

Arc Hydro

Author: David R. Maidment
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480346
Format: PDF
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Written for hydrologists, GIS specialists, and scientists from many disciplines who create computer models of water resources, this book presents an improved standard for creating and using data in hydrologic projects. The ArcGIS hydro data model is the latest innovation in GIS modeling and increases the potential to integrate data from many sources to solve a wider range of water resource problems. This guide shows how hydrology projects work and how they can work better: by integrating local, regional, national, and international data to create a deeper understanding of the earth's water problems.

Environmental Hazards

Author: Keith Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136647147
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The much expanded sixth edition of Environmental Hazards provides a fully up-to-date overview of all the extreme events that threaten people and what they value in the 21st century. It integrates cutting-edge material from the physical and social sciences to illustrate how natural and human systems interact to place communities of all sizes, and at all stages of economic development, at risk. It also explains in detail the various measures available to reduce the ongoing losses to life and property. Part One of this established textbook defines basic concepts of hazard, risk, vulnerability and disaster. Attention is given to the evolution of theory, to the scales and patterns of disaster impact and to the optimum management strategies needed to minimize the future impact of damaging events. Part Two employs a consistent chapter structure to demonstrate how individual hazards, such as earthquakes, severe storms, floods and droughts, plus biophysical and technological processes, create distinctive impacts and challenges throughout the world. The ways in which different societies can make positive responses to these threats are placed firmly in the context of sustainable development and global environmental change. This extensively revised edition includes: A new concluding chapter that summarizes the globalization of hazard and critically examines the latest perspectives on climate-related disasters Fresh perspectives on the reliability of disaster data, disaster risk reduction, severe storms, droughts and technological hazards More boxed sections with a focus on both generic issues and the lessons to be learned from a carefully selected range of recent extreme events An annotated list of key resources, including further reading and relevant websites, for all chapters 183 diagrams, now in full colour, and available to download on: www.routledge.com/9780415681063/ Over 30 colour photographs and more than 1,000 references to some of the most significant and recent published material. Environmental Hazards is a clearly-written, authoritative account of the causes and consequences of the extreme natural and technological processes that cause death and destruction across the globe. It draws on the latest research findings to guide the reader from common problems, theories and policies to explore practical, real-world situations and solutions. This carefully structured and balanced book captures the complexity and dynamism of environmental hazards and has become essential reading for students of every kind seeking to understand this most important contemporary issue.

Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support

Author: David R. Maidment
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781879102804
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This edited collection deals with the international issue of conserving and allocating water as the world's population continues to grow dramatically. Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support with Geographic Information Systems discusses applications such as watershed delineation, topographic characteristic extraction, and floodplain extent determination and provides an informed basis for water resource professionals to make sound decisions.

The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society

Author: Timothy Nyerges
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446209628
Format: PDF, Docs
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"The definitive guide to a technology that succeeds or fails depending upon our ability to accommodate societal context and structures. This handbook is lucid, integrative, comprehensive and, above all, prescient in its interpretation of GIS implementation as a societal process." - Paul Longley, University College London "This is truly a handbook - a book you will want to keep on hand for frequent reference and to which GIS professors should direct students entering our field... Selection of a few of the chapters for individual attention is difficult because each one contributes meaningfully to the overall message of this volume. An important collection of articles that will set the tone for the next two decades of discourse and research about GIS and society." - Journal of Geographical Analysis Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaceted endeavour. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society Geographical Information and Modern Life Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society Organizations and Institutions Participation and Community Issues Value, Fairness, and Privacy Aimed at academics, researchers, postgraduates, and GIS practitioners, this Handbook will be the basic reference for any inquiry applying GIS to societal issues.

The Weather Makers

Author: Tim Flannery
Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic
ISBN: 1555846335
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The #1 international bestseller on climate change that’s been endorsed by policy makers, scientists, writers and energy executives around the world. Tim Flannery’s The Weather Makers contributed in bringing the topic of global warming to worldwide prominence. For the first time, a scientist provided an accessible and comprehensive account of the history, current status, and future impact of climate change, writing what has been acclaimed by reviewers everywhere as the definitive book on global warming. With one out of every five living things on this planet committed to extinction by the levels of greenhouse gases that will accumulate in the next few decades, we are reaching a global climatic tipping point. The Weather Makers is both an urgent warning and a call to arms, outlining the history of climate change, how it will unfold over the next century, and what we can do to prevent a cataclysmic future. Originally somewhat of a global warming skeptic, Tim Flannery spent several years researching the topic and offers a connect-the-dots approach for a reading public who has received patchy or misleading information on the subject. Pulling on his expertise as a scientist to discuss climate change from a historical perspective, Flannery also explains how climate change is interconnected across the planet. This edition includes a new afterword by the author. “An authoritative, scientifically accurate book on global warming that sparkles with life, clarity, and intelligence.” —The Washington Post

A Research Guide to Cartographic Resources

Author: Eva H. Dodsworth
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538100843
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book navigates the numerous American and Canadian cartographic resources available in print, and online, offering information on how to locate and access the large variety of resources. Cartographic materials are highlighted and summarized, along with lists of map libraries and geospatial centers, and related professional associations.

Successful Response Starts with a Map

Author: Committee on Planning for Catastrophe: A Blueprint for Improving Geospatial Data, Tools, and Infrastructure
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309103401
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In the past few years the United States has experienced a series of disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which have severely taxed and in many cases overwhelmed responding agencies. In all aspects of emergency management, geospatial data and tools have the potential to help save lives, limit damage, and reduce the costs of dealing with emergencies. Great strides have been made in the past four decades in the development of geospatial data and tools that describe locations of objects on the Earth's surface and make it possible for anyone with access to the Internet to witness the magnitude of a disaster. However, the effectiveness of any technology is as much about the human systems in which it is embedded as about the technology itself. Successful Response Starts with a Map assesses the status of the use of geospatial data, tools, and infrastructure in disaster management, and recommends ways to increase and improve their use. This book explores emergency planning and response; how geospatial data and tools are currently being used in this field; the current policies that govern their use; various issues related to data accessibility and security; training; and funding. Successful Response Starts with a Map recommends significant investments be made in training of personnel, coordination among agencies, sharing of data and tools, planning and preparedness, and the tools themselves.