Conned Again Watson

Author: Colin Bruce
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780099428572
Format: PDF, Docs
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We all lose time and money because of bad decisions, perfectly happy in the illusion that our common sense is choosing the right path for us. In Conned Again, Watson! Sherlock Holmes uses his vast knowledge solve crimes and protect the innocent in a series of cautionary tales of greedy gamblers, reckless businessmen and ruthless conmen. From 'The Execution of Andrews' to 'The Case of the Gambling Nobleman' and 'The Case of the Paranoid Student', there has never been a more exciting way to learn when to take a calculated risk - and how to spot a scam. In this illuminating collection of twelve new Sherlock Holmes stories, challenges of logic, probability, statistics, game theory and more are illustrated. A thought-provoking introduction to maths relevant to everyday life, this book will change the way you look at making decisions.

Der Luzifer Effekt

Author: Philip G. Zimbardo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662533253
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Was bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun? Wie können normale Bürger dazu verleitet werden, unmoralisch zu handeln? Wo liegt die Grenze zwischen Gut und Böse, und wer läuft Gefahr, sie zu überschreiten? Mit Der Luzifer-Effekt hat der renommierte amerikanische Sozialpsychologe Philip Zimbardo ein bedeutendes und brisantes Buch vorgelegt. Es schlägt den Bogen von den Details des weltberühmten Stanford Prison Experiment bis zu den grausamen Geschehnissen im Gefängnis von Abu Ghraib im Irak, und es offenbart verstörende Wahrheiten: über physische und psychische Gewalt, über Misshandlungen und Folter, über Kriegsverbrechen und Massenmorde – und über die Menschen, die sie ausführen, anordnen, ermöglichen oder zulassen. Zimbardos These: Nicht die Veranlagung bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun, sondern die Situation, in der sie sich befinden oder in die man sie versetzt. Die Macht der Umstände schafft Täter und Opfer, und in oft diffusen Verantwortungsgeflechten verlieren moralische Maßstäbe allzu leicht ihr Fundament. Bei aller Beklemmung, die die Lektüre dieser ungemein detailreichen Studie unweigerlich auslöst, öffnet das Buch aber auch ein Fenster der Hoffnung: So wie man Situationen schaffen kann, die Menschen zum Bösen verführen, so können auch Zivilcourage und heldenhaftes Verhalten durch geeignete Rahmenbedingungen und gesellschaftliche Weichenstellungen gefördert werden. Der „Banalität des Bösen" setzt Zimbardo die „Banalität des Heldentums" entgegen. Ein beeindruckendes Stück Forschung zur Natur des Bösen und zu den Systemen und Situationen, die es entfesseln. Observer Eine Reise in Herz und Gehirn der Finsternis. Focus online Ein notwendiges und wichtiges Buch. Gehirn und Geist Ein fesselnder, gleichwohl erschreckender Blick auf unsere dunkle Seite ... Für alle, die sich fragen, wie Böses entsteht und bekämpft werden kann. Emotion Pflichtlektüre nicht nur für Sozialwissenschaftler, sondern auch für Politiker, Entscheidungsträger und Erzieher. American Scientist

Der ganz normal verteilte Zufall

Author: Amir D. Aczel
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827425003
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Die Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie ist eine der unglaublichsten Erfindungen der Menschheit", schreibt der Mathematiker, Wissenschaftshistoriker und Publizist Amir D. Aczel am Ende seines mitreißenden Buchs, das die mathematischen Modelle für Glück und Zufall auch unter historischer Perspektive betrachtet. Den Zufall beim Würfeln beispielsweise haben die alten Griechen als Orakel benutzt - mit Gelenkknochen, die auf vier mögliche Weisen fallen konnten. Und bis heute ist die beste Strategie der Partnersuche, sich mit 37% - oder präziser 1/e - der möglichen Heiratskandidaten seiner Umgebung zu treffen und danach diejenige Person zu wählen, die alle anderen überflügelt.

Puzzles Paradoxes and Problem Solving

Author: Marilyn A. Reba
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482297930
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Classroom-Tested, Alternative Approach to Teaching Math for Liberal Arts Puzzles, Paradoxes, and Problem Solving: An Introduction to Mathematical Thinking uses puzzles and paradoxes to introduce basic principles of mathematical thought. The text is designed for students in liberal arts mathematics courses. Decision-making situations that progress from recreational problems to important contemporary applications develop the critical-thinking skills of non-science and non-technical majors. The logical underpinnings of this textbook were developed and refined throughout many years of classroom feedback and in response to commentary from presentations at national conferences. The text’s five units focus on graphs, logic, probability, voting, and cryptography. The authors also cover related areas, such as operations research, game theory, number theory, combinatorics, statistics, and circuit design. The text uses a core set of common representations, strategies, and algorithms to analyze diverse games, puzzles, and applications. This unified treatment logically connects the topics with a recurring set of solution approaches. Requiring no mathematical prerequisites, this book helps students explore creative mathematical thinking and enhance their own critical-thinking skills. Students will acquire quantitative literacy and appreciation of mathematics through the text’s unified approach and wide range of interesting applications.

Probabilities

Author: Peter Olofsson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118898931
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Praise for the First Edition “If there is anything you want to know, or remind yourself, about probabilities, then look no further than this comprehensive, yet wittily written and enjoyable, compendium of how to apply probability calculations in real-world situations.” - Keith Devlin, Stanford University, National Public Radio’s “Math Guy” and author of The Math Gene and The Unfinished Game From probable improbabilities to regular irregularities, Probabilities: The Little Numbers That Rule Our Lives, Second Edition investigates the often surprising effects of risk and chance in our lives. Featuring a timely update, the Second Edition continues to be the go-to guidebook for an entertaining presentation on the mathematics of chance and uncertainty. The new edition develops the fundamental mathematics of probability in a unique, clear, and informal way so readers with various levels of experience with probability can understand the little numbers found in everyday life. Illustrating the concepts of probability through relevant and engaging real-world applications, the Second Edition features numerous examples on weather forecasts, DNA evidence, games and gambling, and medical testing. The revised edition also includes: The application of probability in finance, such as option pricing The introduction of branching processes and the extinction of family names An extended discussion on opinion polls and Nate Silver’s election predictions Probabilities: The Little Numbers That Rule Our Lives, Second Edition is an ideal reference for anyone who would like to obtain a better understanding of the mathematics of chance, as well as a useful supplementary textbook for students in any course dealing with probability.

Elementare Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und stochastische Prozesse

Author: Kai L. Chung
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642670334
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Aus den Besprechungen: "Unter den zahlreichen Einführungen in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung bildet dieses Buch eine erfreuliche Ausnahme. Der Stil einer lebendigen Vorlesung ist über Niederschrift und Übersetzung hinweg erhalten geblieben. In jedes Kapitel wird sehr anschaulich eingeführt. Sinn und Nützlichkeit der mathematischen Formulierungen werden den Lesern nahegebracht. Die wichtigsten Zusammenhänge sind als mathematische Sätze klar formuliert." #FREQUENZ#1

Literacy and Learning in the Content Areas

Author: Sharon Kane
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 135181267X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The 3rd Edition of Literacy & Learning in the Content Areas helps readers build the knowledge, motivation, tools, and confidence they need as they integrate literacy into their middle and high school content area classrooms. Its unique approach to teaching content area literacy actively engages preservice and practicing teachers in reading and writing and the very activities that they will use to teach literacy to their own studentsin middle and high school classrooms . Rather than passively learning about strategies for incorporating content area literacy activities, readers get hands-on experience in such techniques as mapping/webbing, anticipation guides, booktalks, class websites, and journal writing and reflection. Readers also learn how to integrate children's and young adult literature, primary sources, biographies, essays, poetry, and online content, communities, and websites into their classrooms. Each chapter offers concrete teaching examples and practical suggestions to help make literacy relevant to students' content area learning. Author Sharon Kane demonstrates how relevant reading, writing, speaking, listening, and visual learning activities can improve learning in content area subjects and at the same time help readers meet national content knowledge standards and benchmarks.

Math Teacher s Survival Guide Practical Strategies Management Techniques and Reproducibles for New and Experienced Teachers Grades 5 12

Author: Judith A. Muschla
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470574997
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Classroom-tested strategies to help new and experienced math teachers thrive Math teachers must not only instruct their students in basic mathematical skills and concepts, they must also prepare them for standardized tests, provide instruction in the use of technology, and teach problem-solving and critical-thinking skills. At the same time, they must also manage their other responsibilities – taking attendance, planning, grading, record-keeping, disciplining, and communicating with parents and administrators. This book provides efficient and practical information on the management skills necessary to succeed in this most challenging profession. Offers realistic suggestions and strategies for planning and delivering effective math instruction Helps math teachers achieve excellence and continue to be enthusiastic and successful in their teaching careers Includes reproducible forms to help math teachers stay on top of everything they need to do The Math Teacher's Survival Guide contains a wealth of useful tools and strategies that can help any math teacher succeed in the classroom.