Conserving Data in the Conservation Reserve

Author: James Hamilton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136527877
Format: PDF
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Enrolling over 30 million acres, the U.S. Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is the largest conservation program in the United States. Under the guidelines of the CRP, the federal government pays farmers to stop farming their land in the hopes of achieving a variety of conservation goals, including the reduction of soil erosion, improvement of water quality, and creation of wildlife habitat. In Conserving Data, James T. Hamilton explores the role of information in the policy cycle as it relates to the CRP. The author asks how the creation and distribution of information about what is going on across these millions of enrolled acres has influenced the development of the program itself. Of the many CRP stakeholders, each accesses a different set of information about the CRPs operations. Regulators have developed the Environmental Benefits Index as a rough indicator of a fields conservation benefits and adopted that measure as a way to determine which lands should be granted conservation contracts. NGOs have used publicly available data from these contracts to show how CRP monies are allocated. Members of Congress have used oversight hearings and GAO reports to monitor the Farm Service Agencys conservation policy decisions. Reporters have localized the impact of the CRP by writing stories about increases in wildlife and hunting on CRP fields in their areas. Conserving Data brings together and analyzes these various streams of information, drawing upon original interviews with regulators, new data from Freedom of Information Act requests, and regulatory filings. Using the CRP as a launch point, Hamilton explores the role of information, including 'hidden information,' in the design and implementation of regulatory policy.

Environmental Regulation

Author: Robert V. Percival
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454838248
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Environmental Regulation: Law, Science, and Policy delivers unparalleled coverage of policy that focuses on the substance of environmental statutes, how they are translated into regulations, and the factors that affect real-world behavior. Self-contained chapters, written in a style accessible to the non-specialist, afford instructors flexibility in organizing courses. Effective teaching and study aids include charts and diagrams mapping the structure of each environmental statute, real-world-based problems and questions, "pathfinders" explaining where to find crucial source materials for every major topic, an extensive glossary, and a list of acronyms. The accompanying Website is kept current with annual statutory and case supplements. The Seventh Edition is a massive revision, updating the most significant new developments in environmental law. New problem exercises show students how to apply the law to emerging environmental concerns. Important Supreme Court decisions such as American Electric Power, Sackett v. EPA, PPL Montana, Stop the Beach and Southern Union are explored as well as oil spill liability in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon spill, liability litigation, and the Gulf Coast Claims Facility. The Seventh Edition looks at state renewable energy initiatives, the dormant commerce clause, and the impact of burgeoning natural gas supplies on energy policy. Included is coverage on efforts to control the effects of hydraulic fracturing and why "fracking" is exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act. The EPA's regulation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the Clean Air Act as well as California's statewide GHG cap-and-trade program are discussed. The Seventh Edition explores how climate change is affecting environmental law, especially global environmental law in the aftermath of the June 2012 Rio+20 earth summit. Features comprehensive coverage in a style accessible to the non-specialist self-contained chapters for flexibility in organizing courses. a detailed examination of policy focus on environmental statutes how statutes translate into regulations factors that affect real-world behavior charts and diagrams mapping the structure of each environmental statute real-world-based problems and questions "pathfinders" explaining where to find crucial source materials for every major subject area extensive glossary list of acronyms Thoroughly updated, the revised Seventh Edition presents: an update of the most significant new developments in environmental law new problem exercises show how to apply environmental laws to emerging concerns important Supreme Court decisions: American Electric Power, Sackett v. EPA, PPL Montana, Stop the Beach and Southern Union oil spill liability in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon spill, liability litigation, and the Gulf Coast Claims Facility state renewable energy initiatives and the dormant commerce clause the impact of burgeoning natural gas supplies on energy policy efforts to control the environmental effects of hydraulic fracturing why "fracking" is exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act EPA's regulation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the Clean Air Act California's statewide GHG cap-and-trade program how climate change is affecting environmental law global environmental law in the aftermath of the June 2012 Rio+20 earth summit

GIS and Land Records

Author: Nancy Von Meyer
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480773
Format: PDF
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Describing applications and uses for parcel information in an ArcGIS geodatabase, this book covers the data model developed as a framework for land record information in an ArcGIS environment. Demonstrated is how the model supports real GIS work, including the update and maintenance of data content by tax assessors, planners, recorders, environmental managers, public works officials, safety officials, and others. Land records personnel learn how parcel information can be designed in a geodatabase so work can begin on system design and implementation. The advantages of putting parcel information into a geodatabase are described, and instruction on moving existing applications into the geodatabase is provided. Datasets are included that show how the parcel data model has been easily customized to satisfy different requirements.

IUCN Bulletin

Author: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Sacred Natural Sites

Author: Bas Verschuuren
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136530746
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Sacred Natural Sites are the world's oldest protected places. This book focuses on a wide spread of both iconic and lesser known examples such as sacred groves of the Western Ghats (India), Sagarmatha /Chomolongma (Mt Everest, Nepal, Tibet - and China), the Golden Mountains of Altai (Russia), Holy Island of Lindisfarne (UK) and the sacred lakes of the Niger Delta (Nigeria). The book illustrates that sacred natural sites, although often under threat, exist within and outside formally recognised protected areas, heritage sites. Sacred natural sites may well be some of the last strongholds for building resilient networks of connected landscapes. They also form important nodes for maintaining a dynamic socio-cultural fabric in the face of global change. The diverse authors bridge the gap between approaches to the conservation of cultural and biological diversity by taking into account cultural and spiritual values together with the socio-economic interests of the custodian communities and other relevant stakeholders.

Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics

Author: Roseli Pellens
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319224611
Format: PDF
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This book is about phylogenetic diversity as an approach to reduce biodiversity losses in this period of mass extinction. Chapters in the first section deal with questions such as the way we value phylogenetic diversity among other criteria for biodiversity conservation; the choice of measures; the loss of phylogenetic diversity with extinction; the importance of organisms that are deeply branched in the tree of life, and the role of relict species. The second section is composed by contributions exploring methodological aspects, such as how to deal with abundance, sampling effort, or conflicting trees in analysis of phylogenetic diversity. The last section is devoted to applications, showing how phylogenetic diversity can be integrated in systematic conservation planning, in EDGE and HEDGE evaluations. This wide coverage makes the book a reference for academics, policy makers and stakeholders dealing with biodiversity conservation.

Democracy s Detectives

Author: James T. Hamilton
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674545508
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Investigative journalism holds democracies and individuals accountable to the public. But important stories are going untold as news outlets shy away from the expense of watchdog reporting. Computational journalism, using digital records and data-mining algorithms, promises to lower the cost and increase demand among readers, James Hamilton shows.

Calculating Risks

Author: James Hamilton
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262082785
Format: PDF, ePub
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"By matching agency decision data to detailed census information using geographic information systems (GIS) technology, the authors show that most hazardous waste sites do not pose sufficient risk to merit the most stringent cleanup options. Those sites that do pose considerable risk to exposed populations often receive inadequate attention, because government decisions to target cleanups are based more on political factors than on actual risks. The authors propose policy reforms that could significantly reduce cleanup costs without sacrificing the protection of human health."--Jacket.