The Political Economy of Fiscal Policy

Author: Jaejoon Woo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540314172
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
One of the most striking macroeconomic developments during the last three decades is the rise and persistence of large fiscal deficits in a number of countries. Despite recent major fiscal reforms around the world, many countries suffer from recurrent large fiscal imbalances that often reflect lack of fiscal discipline. Why do some countries have recurrent fiscal deficit or volatility problems, while others do not? What factors are most important in explaining cross-country variation in fiscal outcomes? How are they related to growth or inflation? This book presents new, rigorous, theoretical and empirical studies on these fiscal issues, and highlights social polarization as an essential organizing principle in a political economy approach. Also, it discusses how institutional constraints may favourably affect fiscal dynamics in the presence of social polarization.

Principles of Network Economics

Author: Hagen Bobzin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354029936X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Network problems are manifold and extremely complex. Many problems result from engineering details or mathematical difficulties, others are caused by disregarding economic principles and imperfections of markets. The text provides a fairly integrated approach of transportation related "network problems" and their "solutions" with emphasis on economics or, more precisely, microeconomic theory.

Constraint Propagation in Flexible Manufacturing

Author: Toan Phan Huy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642583350
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This book provides a thorough analysis of scheduling problems that arise in a flexible manufacturing environment with scarce resource supply. Generalizations of the famous job shop scheduling problem are discussed. As a basic and common technique for solving these problems constraint propagation is applied in various solution methods. The effectiveness of constraint propagation is demonstrated by the solution of a high number of benchmark problem instances.

The Complex Networks of Economic Interactions

Author: Akira Namatame
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540287272
Format: PDF
Download Now
Understanding the mechanism of a socio-economic system requires more than an understanding of the individuals that comprise the system. It also requires understanding how individuals interact with each other, and how the agg- gated outcome can be more than the sum of individual behaviors. This book contains the papers fostering the formation of an active multi-disciplinary community on socio-economic systems with the exciting new ?elds of age- based modeling and econophysics. We especially intend to increase the awareness of researchers in many ?elds with sharing the common view many economic and social activities as collectives of a large-scale heterogeneous and interacting agents. Economists seek to understand not only how individuals behave but also how the interaction of many individuals leads to complex outcomes. Age- based modeling is a method for studying socio-economic systems exhibiting the following two properties: (1) the system is composed of interacting agents, and (2) the system exhibits emergent properties, that is, properties arising from the interactions of the agents that cannot be deduced simply by agg- gating the properties of the system’s components. When the interaction of the agents is contingent on past experience, and especially when the agents continually adapt to that experience, mathematical analysis is typically very limited in its ability to derive the outcome.

Union Wage Bargaining and Economic Growth

Author: Jörg Lingens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540215226
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Unemployment is still the most pressing economic problem in Europe. It is consensus among most economists that the major fraction of the unemployment problem is not caused by short term business cycle factors, but is caused by structural problems. Thus, unemployment in Europe is a long term phenomenon. With this the question arises whether unemployment also affects the rate of growth of an economy. This book offers a unified approach to analyse this question by incorporating union wage bargaining into a wide variety of growth models. It is shown that unions might foster economic growth, but this result is very sensitive to the exact specification of the model under consideration. In general, imperfect labour markets have an effect on the rate of growth and as such should be considered relevant when thinking about economic growth.

Kanban Controlled Manufacturing Systems

Author: Georg Krieg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540271465
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
5th Werner Kern Award for Productivity Research 2005 Kanban control systems bear a great potential to significantly improve operations. A company may reap the full benefits of kanban control only after determining an optimal or near-optimal system configuration. To do that, methods are needed to evaluate the performance and operating costs of individual system configurations. We propose an innovative construction-kit approach that enables us to build stochastic analytical models of a large class of single- and multi-product kanban systems. The presented construction-kit approach may be extended and augmented in various directions.

Programmieren in C

Author: Ralf Kirsch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540453849
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Die Autoren berücksichtigen in ihren Grundlagen zur Programmierung insbesondere mathematische Aufgabenstellungen und charakteristische Aspekte der Softwareentwicklung. Anhand einfach nachzuvollziehender Beispiele behandeln sie neben C auch Programmiertechniken, die v.a. in der Numerik benötigt werden. Viele Beispiele, Übungen sowie Kontrollfragen mit Lösungen, empfehlen das Buch zum Selbststudium. Mit Lösungshinweisen im Buch und auf einer Website. Für Mathematiker, Naturwissenschaftler, Ingenieure, aber auch Teilnehmer wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Studiengänge, die sich mit der rechnergestützten Bearbeitung mathematischer Probleme befassen.

Constraint Programmierung

Author: Thom Frühwirth
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642591159
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Das Buch gibt einen kompakten, aber umfassenden Überblick über das Problemlösen und Programmieren mit "Constraints" (Randbedingungen). Diese aktuelle Programmiermethodik ermöglicht es, Aufgaben direkt zu formulieren und effizient zu lösen. Sie gewinnt zusehends Bedeutung in Anwendungsbereichen wie Kombinatorische Suchprobleme (z.B. Zeitplanen, Layout-Optimierung), Berechnungen (Finanzanalyse), Simulation (Hardware-Verifikation) oder allgemein Schließen und Rechnen mit ungenauer oder unvollständiger Information (z.B. Kostenschätzung). Die theoretisch fundierte Darstellung mit Aufgaben und Anwendungsbeispielen aus der Praxis ist in der Lehre erprobt, aber auch für Forscher und Praktiker von Nutzen.

Vom L sen numerischer Probleme

Author: Folkmar Bornemann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540341153
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Packender Streifzug durch die numerische Mathematik. Die Route orientiert sich an der "SIAM 10 x 10-Digit Challenge". 2002 forderte Nick Trefethen (Oxford) damit Kollegen und Doktoranden weltweit heraus: jede, der in wenigen Sätzen formulierten Aufgaben verlangt dabei nach der Berechnung der ersten zehn Ziffern einer reellen Zahl. Für jede Aufgabe werden vielfältige Lösungen diskutiert. Viele praktische Hinweise helfen Lesern, numerische Probleme zu lösen und lehren sie, die Wahl zwischen konkurrierenden Methoden wohl zu überlegen. Auf der Website: der vollständige lauffähige Programmtext aller Verfahren, Beispiele, Tabellen und Figuren.