The Complex Networks of Economic Interactions

Author: Akira Namatame
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540287272
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Understanding the mechanism of a socio-economic system requires more than an understanding of the individuals that comprise the system. It also requires understanding how individuals interact with each other, and how the agg- gated outcome can be more than the sum of individual behaviors. This book contains the papers fostering the formation of an active multi-disciplinary community on socio-economic systems with the exciting new ?elds of age- based modeling and econophysics. We especially intend to increase the awareness of researchers in many ?elds with sharing the common view many economic and social activities as collectives of a large-scale heterogeneous and interacting agents. Economists seek to understand not only how individuals behave but also how the interaction of many individuals leads to complex outcomes. Age- based modeling is a method for studying socio-economic systems exhibiting the following two properties: (1) the system is composed of interacting agents, and (2) the system exhibits emergent properties, that is, properties arising from the interactions of the agents that cannot be deduced simply by agg- gating the properties of the system’s components. When the interaction of the agents is contingent on past experience, and especially when the agents continually adapt to that experience, mathematical analysis is typically very limited in its ability to derive the outcome.

The Political Economy of Fiscal Policy

Author: Jaejoon Woo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540314172
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
One of the most striking macroeconomic developments during the last three decades is the rise and persistence of large fiscal deficits in a number of countries. Despite recent major fiscal reforms around the world, many countries suffer from recurrent large fiscal imbalances that often reflect lack of fiscal discipline. Why do some countries have recurrent fiscal deficit or volatility problems, while others do not? What factors are most important in explaining cross-country variation in fiscal outcomes? How are they related to growth or inflation? This book presents new, rigorous, theoretical and empirical studies on these fiscal issues, and highlights social polarization as an essential organizing principle in a political economy approach. Also, it discusses how institutional constraints may favourably affect fiscal dynamics in the presence of social polarization.

Principles of Network Economics

Author: Hagen Bobzin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354029936X
Format: PDF
Download Now
Network problems are manifold and extremely complex. Many problems result from engineering details or mathematical difficulties, others are caused by disregarding economic principles and imperfections of markets. The text provides a fairly integrated approach of transportation related "network problems" and their "solutions" with emphasis on economics or, more precisely, microeconomic theory.

Union Wage Bargaining and Economic Growth

Author: Jörg Lingens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540215226
Format: PDF
Download Now
Unemployment is still the most pressing economic problem in Europe. It is consensus among most economists that the major fraction of the unemployment problem is not caused by short term business cycle factors, but is caused by structural problems. Thus, unemployment in Europe is a long term phenomenon. With this the question arises whether unemployment also affects the rate of growth of an economy. This book offers a unified approach to analyse this question by incorporating union wage bargaining into a wide variety of growth models. It is shown that unions might foster economic growth, but this result is very sensitive to the exact specification of the model under consideration. In general, imperfect labour markets have an effect on the rate of growth and as such should be considered relevant when thinking about economic growth.

Kanban Controlled Manufacturing Systems

Author: Georg Krieg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540271465
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
5th Werner Kern Award for Productivity Research 2005 Kanban control systems bear a great potential to significantly improve operations. A company may reap the full benefits of kanban control only after determining an optimal or near-optimal system configuration. To do that, methods are needed to evaluate the performance and operating costs of individual system configurations. We propose an innovative construction-kit approach that enables us to build stochastic analytical models of a large class of single- and multi-product kanban systems. The presented construction-kit approach may be extended and augmented in various directions.

Books in Print

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Mikro konomie

Author: Robert S. Pindyck
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 348678420X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Eine fundierte Lehrbuchdarstellung, die den Anforderungen der Studierenden in Grund- und Hauptstudium gerecht wird. Das Werk betont die Relevanz der Mikroökonomie für Managemententscheidungen und politische Entscheidungen. Ausführliche Beispiele sind direkt in die Darstellung integriert.

Operations Research

Author: Frederick S. Hillier
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486792083
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Aus dem Inhalt: Was ist Operations Research? Überblick über die Modellierungsgrundsätze des Operations Research. Einführung in die lineare Programmierung. Die Lösung linearer Programmierungsprobleme: Das Simplexverfahren. Stochastische Prozesse. Warteschlangentheorie. Lagerhaltungstheorie. Prognoseverfahren. Markov-Entscheidungsprozesse. Reliabilität. Entscheidungstheorie. Die Theorie des Simplexverfahrens Qualitätstheorie und Sensitivitätsanalyse Spezialfälle linearer Programmierungsprobleme. Die Formulierung linearer Programmierungsmodelle und Goal-Programmierung. Weitere Algorithmen der linearen Programmierung. Netzwerkanalyse einschließlich PERT-CPM. Dynamische Optimierung. Spieltheorie. Ganzzahlige Programmierung. Nichtlineare Programmierung Simulation. Anhang. Lösungen für ausgewählte Übungsaufgaben.

Graphentheorie

Author: Martin Aigner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 365810323X
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Es kommt nicht oft vor, dass ein einzelnes Problem ein ganzes mathematisches Gebiet hervorruft. Das allseits bekannte 4-Farben Problem war solch ein singuläres Ereignis: Aus den Lösungsversuchen entwickelte sich die Graphentheorie, die heute zu den unverzichtbaren Grundlagen der Diskreten Mathematik und Informatik und weiterer angewandter Wissenschaften gehört. Das Buch versucht zweierlei: Es will erstens alle wichtigen Begriffe, Ideen und Sätze für eine Einführung in die Graphentheorie im Bachelorstudium bereitstellen, und zweitens ein tieferes Verständnis für dieses wunderbare Gebiet vermitteln, durch einen Rückblick, wie alles mit dem 4-Farben Problem begann, und einen Ausblick auf die erstaunliche Lösung und den damit aufgeworfenen Fragen.