Constraint Theory

Author: George J. Friedman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319547925
Format: PDF, ePub
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Packed with new material and research, this second edition of George Friedman’s bestselling Constraint Theory remains an invaluable reference for all engineers, mathematicians, and managers concerned with modeling. As in the first edition, this text analyzes the way Constraint Theory employs bipartite graphs and presents the process of locating the “kernel of constraint” trillions of times faster than brute-force approaches, determining model consistency and computational allowability. Unique in its abundance of topological pictures of the material, this book balances left- and right-brain perceptions to provide a thorough explanation of multidimensional mathematical models. Much of the extended material in this new edition also comes from Phan Phan’s PhD dissertation in 2011, titled “Expanding Constraint Theory to Determine Well-Posedness of Large Mathematical Models.” Praise for the first edition: "Dr. George Friedman is indisputably the father of the very powerful methods of constraint theory." --Cornelius T. Leondes, UCLA "Groundbreaking work. ... Friedman's accomplishment represents engineering at its finest. ... The credibility of the theory rests upon the formal proofs which are interspersed among the illuminating hypothetical dialog sequences between manager and analyst, which bring out distinctions that the organization must face, en route to accepting Friedman's work as essential to achieve quality control in developing and applying large models." --John N. Warfield

Facets of Systems Science

Author: George Klir
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306466236
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is the substantially updated second edition of the first comprehensive overview of systems science for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. This new edition adds supplemental examples and exercises, and a selection of recent papers in systems science. From a review in Kybernetika : "One is struck in reading Facets at just how monumental of an undertaking this... As Klir presents it, systems science represents a new dimension of science. ...I would like to suggest that a close study of Facets is likely to benefit anyone interested in gaining new insights into scientific inquiry itself as well as new methods for investigating problems of individual interest. Thanks Professor Klir!" -Richard M. Smith

Foundations and Applications of MIS

Author: Yasuhiko Takahara
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387358404
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book presents a unique systems theory approach to management information system (MIS) development. It covers an outline of the approach, providing a theoretical foundation for MIS from the systems theoretic viewpoint before presenting practical applications ranging from a transaction processing system to a solver system. The author also describes his newly developed extended Prolog programming language, which helps take full advantage of the mathematical framework employed.

Generalized Measure Theory

Author: Zhenyuan Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387768521
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Generalized Measure Theory examines the relatively new mathematical area of generalized measure theory. The exposition unfolds systematically, beginning with preliminaries and new concepts, followed by a detailed treatment of important new results regarding various types of nonadditive measures and the associated integration theory. The latter involves several types of integrals: Sugeno integrals, Choquet integrals, pan-integrals, and lower and upper integrals. All of the topics are motivated by numerous examples, culminating in a final chapter on applications of generalized measure theory. Some key features of the book include: many exercises at the end of each chapter along with relevant historical and bibliographical notes, an extensive bibliography, and name and subject indices. The work is suitable for a classroom setting at the graduate level in courses or seminars in applied mathematics, computer science, engineering, and some areas of science. A sound background in mathematical analysis is required. Since the book contains many original results by the authors, it will also appeal to researchers working in the emerging area of generalized measure theory.

A Missing Link in Cybernetics

Author: Alex M. Andrew
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387751641
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this book I argue that a reason for the limited success of various studies under the general heading of cybernetics is failure to appreciate the importance of con- nuity, in a simple metrical sense of the term. It is with particular, but certainly not exclusive, reference to the Arti cial Intelligence (AI) effort that the shortcomings of established approaches are most easily seen. One reason for the relative failure of attempts to analyse and model intelligence is the customary assumption that the processing of continuous variables and the manipulation of discrete concepts should be considered separately, frequently with the assumption that continuous processing plays no part in thought. There is much evidence to the contrary incl- ing the observation that the remarkable ability of people and animals to learn from experience nds similar expression in tasks of both discrete and continuous nature and in tasks that require intimate mixing of the two. Such tasks include everyday voluntary movement while preserving balance and posture, with competitive games and athletics offering extreme examples. Continuous measures enter into many tasks that are usually presented as discrete. In tasks of pattern recognition, for example, there is often a continuous measure of the similarity of an imposed pattern to each of a set of paradigms, of which the most similar is selected. The importance of continuity is also indicated by the fact that adjectives and adverbs in everyday verbal communication have comparative and superlative forms.

Extremal Fuzzy Dynamic Systems

Author: Gia Sirbiladze
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461442494
Format: PDF, ePub
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Presenting a fresh approach to the fuzzy modeling of dynamic processes in systems science research, this book’s coverage of both theory and key applications incorporates time as a source of fuzziness and treats applied EFD systems such as software libraries.

Anticipatory Systems

Author: Robert Rosen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483286274
Format: PDF, ePub
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The first detailed study of this most important class of systems which contain internal predictive models of themselves and/or of their environments and whose predictions are utilized for purposes of present control. This book develops the basic concept of a predictive model, and shows how it can be embedded into a system of feedforward control. Includes many examples and stresses analogies between wired-in anticipatory control and processes of learning and adaption, at both individual and social levels. Shows how the basic theory of such systems throws a new light both on analytic problems (understanding what is going on in an organism or a social system) and synthetic ones (developing forecasting methods for making individual or collective decisions).

Uncertainty and Information

Author: George J. Klir
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471755567
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Deal with information and uncertainty properly and efficiently using tools emerging from generalized information theory Uncertainty and Information: Foundations of Generalized Information Theory contains comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of results that have emerged from a research program begun by the author in the early 1990s under the name "generalized information theory" (GIT). This ongoing research program aims to develop a formal mathematical treatment of the interrelated concepts of uncertainty and information in all their varieties. In GIT, as in classical information theory, uncertainty (predictive, retrodictive, diagnostic, prescriptive, and the like) is viewed as a manifestation of information deficiency, while information is viewed as anything capable of reducing the uncertainty. A broad conceptual framework for GIT is obtained by expanding the formalized language of classical set theory to include more expressive formalized languages based on fuzzy sets of various types, and by expanding classical theory of additive measures to include more expressive non-additive measures of various types. This landmark book examines each of several theories for dealing with particular types of uncertainty at the following four levels: * Mathematical formalization of the conceived type of uncertainty * Calculus for manipulating this particular type of uncertainty * Justifiable ways of measuring the amount of uncertainty in any situation formalizable in the theory * Methodological aspects of the theory With extensive use of examples and illustrations to clarify complex material and demonstrate practical applications, generous historical and bibliographical notes, end-of-chapter exercises to test readers' newfound knowledge, glossaries, and an Instructor's Manual, this is an excellent graduate-level textbook, as well as an outstanding reference for researchers and practitioners who deal with the various problems involving uncertainty and information. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.

Lean Enterprise Value

Author: E. Murman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403907501
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Lean Production transformed the way that companies think about production and manufacturing. This book provides a new challenge. It arises from the work of the Lean Aerospace Initiative at MIT and provides a new agenda and bold vision for the aerospace industry to take it out of crisis. It also redefines and develops the concept of Lean as a framework for enterprise transformation and this will be relevant and critical for all industries and enterprises.