Constraints on Language Acquisition

Author: Helen Tager-Flusberg
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317783808
Format: PDF, Kindle
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After decades of research most scholars generally agree that language acquisition is a complex and multifaceted process that involves the interaction of innate biologically-based mechanisms devoted to language, other non-linguistic cognitive and social mechanisms, linguistic input, and information about the social and physical world. Theoretical work in the field of language acquisition now needs to focus in greater depth and detail on some specific aspects of this general model, which is the main goal of this book. The chapters in this volume provide some new insights into one of the most remarkable accomplishments achieved by almost all children. The particular questions that are raised by contributors include: * What kinds of constraints operate on the process of language development? * Which aspects of the acquisition process depend on language-specific mechanisms? * Are there critical brain structures necessary for the acquisition of language? * What role do cognitive and social mechanisms play in language development? * How critical is perceptual input about the physical and social world? * What is the specific role played by linguistic input in the child's construction of a linguistic system? Questions are addressed from the perspective of children who come to the task of acquiring language with many hurdles to overcome, including deafness and blindness, mental retardation, autism, and prenatal or perinatal brain damage involving the left hemisphere. Each section contributes some insight on how an innate language-specific biological substrate interacts with cognitive and social factors, as well as external information, to support the child's construction of a linguistic system. Studies of atypical children offer a singular contribution to this enterprise by allowing us to see the specific influences of each component, and in turn, they shed new light on how all children are able to acquire language so effortlessly and during such a brief period of development.

Language Development and Social Interaction in Blind Children

Author: Miguel Perez-Pereira
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134841051
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book provides an up-to-date account of blind children's developing communicative abilities with particular emphasis on social cognition and language acquisition from infancy to early school age. It purports to foster dialogue between those interested in the study of typically developing children and those interested in the development of children who are blind and to provide insights and new explanations of why the development of blind children may differ from that of sighted children. The book also aims to identify and examine current theoretical issues which are likely to be at the centre of developments in the fields of child language and developmental psychology. Language Development and Social Interaction in Blind Children is also a timely book. The study of blind children's development constitutes a unique opportunity to study the effect of vision on development, and more specifically on the development of language and certain aspects of social cognition. Current interest in the development of "theory of mind" and perspective taking in language learning, make the case of blind children crucial to our understanding of certain aspects of psychological functioning. The book explores these issues, challenges some widely-held beliefs about the development of communication in blind children, and provides a cohesive picture of our knowledge to date.

Social Influences on Vocal Development

Author: Charles T. Snowdon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521495264
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Unique book illustrating importance of social companions in vocal development in humans and other animals.

Language Acquisition

Author: Prof. David Singleton
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847699294
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book examines the evidence relative to the idea that there is an age factor in first and second language acquisition, evidence that has sources ranging from studies of feral children to evaluations of language programmes in primary schools. It goes on to explore the various explanations that have been advanced to account for such evidence. Finally, it looks at the educational ramifications of the age question, with particular regard to formal second language teaching in the early school years and in ‘third age’ contexts.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development

Author: Usha Goswami
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444351737
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This definitive volume is the result of collaboration by top scholars in the field of children's cognition. New edition offers an up-to-date overview of all the major areas of importance in the field, and includes new data from cognitive neuroscience and new chapters on social cognitive development and language Provides state-of-the-art summaries of current research by international specialists in different areas of cognitive development Spans aspects of cognitive development from infancy to the onset of adolescence Includes chapters on symbolic reasoning, pretend play, spatial development, abnormal cognitive development and current theoretical perspectives

Research Methods in Child Language

Author: Erika Hoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444344013
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is a comprehensive and accessible guide to the methods researchers use to study child language, written by experienced scholars in the study of language development. Presents a comprehensive survey of laboratory and naturalistic techniques used in the study of different domains of language, age ranges, and populations, and explains the questions addressed by each technique Presents new research methods, such as the use of functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to study the activity of the brain Expands on more traditional research methods such as collection, transcription, and coding of speech samples that have been transformed by new hardware and software

Multilingual Aspects of Signed Language Communication and Disorder

Author: David Quinto-Pozos
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783091320
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Inquiry into signed languages has added to what is known about structural variation and language, language learning, and cognitive processing of language. However, comparatively little research has focused on communication disorders in signed language users. For some deaf children, atypicality is viewed as a phase that they will outgrow, and this results in late identification of linguistic or cognitive deficits that might have been addressed earlier. This volume takes a step towards describing different types of atypicality in language communicated in the signed modality such as linguistic impairment caused by deficits in visual processing, difficulties with motor movements, and neurological decline. Chapters within the book also consider communication differences in hearing children acquiring signed and spoken languages.

Disorders of Development and Learning

Author: Mark Wolraich
Publisher: Pmph Bc Decker
ISBN: 9781550092240
Format: PDF, ePub
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This third edition of Disorders of Learning and Behavior builds upon the superb foundation established by the previous editions while maintaining its basic text format. The first section provides information on various assessments and general management procedures. Theories of development and learning are described to provide a theoretical system for a scientific method of management. Commonly used assessment procedures from such professionals as psychologists and speech and language clinicians are examined in addition to providing information on developmental screening and early intervention. The second section of the book provides specific information about the most common developmental and learning disorders likely to be seen by the primary care clinician. Each chapter has been revised to include the most recent information available, particularly for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Several chapters have been added to cover some additional common causes of mental retardation. Key Features Chapters are organized by definitions, etiologies and pathophysiologies, assessments and findings, management, and outcomes. Content has been updated and revised to include the most recent information available on disorders of development and learning. Accompanying CD-ROM features the complete text and illustrations in fully searchable PDF files and is ideal for presentations and patient education.

Language Acquisition in Deaf Children

Author: Britta Wirth
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638491366
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,7, Ruhr-University of Bochum (English Department), course: Child Language Acquisition, 11 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Language acquisition has been studied for a long time, but it is not completely understood yet. Charles Darwin may have been the first to examine the development of a first language and he assumed that humans have an instinct to learn language. Later on this idea was replaced by the notion that the acquisition of language is a sociocultural phenomenon. In the early 1960s the linguist Chomsky presented a new explanation: he said that children learn a language in the same way, for example, as they learn to walk upright, because it is part of their nature and not because it is a form of their culture. Thus language acquisition has a natural course of development.1If this theory is absolutely right or not is still being argued but shall not be the prior topic of this paper. This work shall examine what happens if children are hearing impaired. Are they able to follow the usual process of language acquisition or not. In order to assess the consequences of language acquisition affected by physical disability, one has to consider a ‘general’ process of language development first. There are various factors which have an influence on a child’s process of language acquisition. How large the impact of a specific factor is varies from theory to theory. Nevertheless, linguists agree that the “grammatical structure, the possible innate language acquisition mechanisms or biases as well as the biological or cognitive maturational factors and the nature of the language input to the child and the social context in which it takes place” influence a child’s language development. No matter which factor has the most impressive impact on a child’s speech progress, by the age of four years he or she usually has a good command of the basic vocabulary, syntax and phonology. This language proficiency is found in all healthy children all over the world.

The TEACCH Approach to Autism Spectrum Disorders

Author: Gary B. Mesibov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306486474
Format: PDF, Docs
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- Professionals can be trained in the program and its methods - Translates scientific knowledge so that practitioners and parents can easily understand the current state of knowledge - Offers strategies that can be tailored to an individual's unique developmental and functional level - Advises parents on how to become involved in all phases of intervention as collaborators, co-therapists, and advocates. - Details how the program can be introduced and adapted for individuals of all ages, from preschooler to adult