Constructal Law and the Unifying Principle of Design

Author: Luiz A.O. Rocha
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1461450497
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Design happens everywhere, whether in animate objects (e.g., dendritic lung structures, bacterial colonies, and corals), inanimate patterns (river basins, beach slope, and dendritic crystals), social dynamics (pedestrian traffic flows), or engineered systems (heat dissipation in electronic circuitry). This “design in nature” often takes on remarkably similar patterns, which can be explained under one unifying Constructal Law. This book explores the unifying power of the Constructal Law and its applications in all domains of design generation and evolution, ranging from biology and geophysics to globalization, energy, sustainability, and security. The Constructal Law accounts for the universal tendency of flow systems to morph into evolving configurations that provide greater and easier access over time. The Constructal Law resolves the many and contradictory ad hoc statements of “optimality”, end design, and destiny in nature, such as minimum and maximum entropy production and minimum and maximum flow resistance, and also explains the designs that are observed and copied in biomimetics. Constructal Law and the Unifying Principle of Design covers the fundamentals of Constructal Theory and Design, as well as presenting a variety of state-of-the-art applications. Experts from the biological, physical and social sciences demonstrate the unification of all design phenomena in nature, and apply this knowledge to novel designs in modern engineering, such as vascularization for self-healing and self-cooling materials for aircraft, and tree fins and cavities for heat transfer enhancement.

Multi Agent Based Simulation XVII

Author: Luis Gustavo Nardin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319674773
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 17th International Workshop on Multi-Agent-Based Simulation, MABs 2016, held in Singapore, in May 2016. The workshop was held in Conjunction with the 15th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, AAMAS 2016. The 10 revised full papers included in this volume were carefully selected from 15 submissions. The topic of the papers is about modeling and analyzing multi-agent systems and applying agent-based simulation techniques to real-world problems, focusing on the confluence of socio-technical- natural sciences and multi-agents systems with a strong application/empirical vein. Special emphasis is given on exploratory agent-based simulation as a principled way of undertaking scientific research in the social sciences and on using social theories as an inspiration to new frameworks and developments in multi-agent systems.

The Nature of Motive Force

Author: Achintya Kumar Pramanick
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642544711
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this monograph Prof. Pramanick explicates the law of motive force, a fundamental law of nature that can be observed and appreciated as an addition to the existing laws of thermodynamics. This unmistakable and remarkable tendency of nature is equally applicable to all other branches of studies. He first conceptualized the law of motive force in 1989, when he was an undergraduate student. Here he reports various applications of the law in the area of thermodynamics, heat transfer, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics, and shows how it is possible to solve analytically century-old unsolved problems through its application. This book offers a comprehensive account of the law and its relation to other laws and principles, such as the generalized conservation principle, variational formulation, Fermat’s principle, Bejan’s constructal law, entropy generation minimization, Bejan’s method of intersecting asymptotes and equipartition principle. Furthermore, the author addresses some interrelated fundamental problems of contemporary interest, especially to thermodynamicists, by combining analytical methods, physical reasoning and the proposed law of motive force. This foundational work is a valuable reading for both students and researchers in exact as well as non-exact sciences and, at the same time, a pleasant learning experience for the novice.

Nature s Fabric

Author: David Lee
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022618062X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Leaves are all around us—in backyards, cascading from window boxes, even emerging from small cracks in city sidewalks given the slightest glint of sunlight. Perhaps because they are everywhere, it’s easy to overlook the humble leaf, but a close look at them provides one of the most enjoyable ways to connect with the natural world. A lush, incredibly informative tribute to the leaf, Nature’s Fabric offers an introduction to the science of leaves, weaving biology and chemistry with the history of the deep connection we feel with all things growing and green. Leaves come in a staggering variety of textures and shapes: they can be smooth or rough, their edges smooth, lobed, or with tiny teeth. They have adapted to their environments in remarkable, often stunningly beautiful ways—from the leaves of carnivorous plants, which have tiny “trigger hairs” that signal the trap to close, to the impressive defense strategies some leaves have evolved to reduce their consumption. (Recent studies suggest, for example, that some plants can detect chewing vibrations and mobilize potent chemical defenses.) In many cases, we’ve learned from the extraordinary adaptations of leaves, such as the invention of new self-cleaning surfaces inspired by the slippery coating found on leaves. But we owe much more to leaves, and Lee also calls our attention back to the fact that that our very lives—and the lives of all on the planet—depend on them. Not only is foliage is the ultimate source of food for every living thing on land, its capacity to cycle carbon dioxide and oxygen can be considered among evolution’s most important achievements—and one that is critical in mitigating global climate change. Taking readers through major topics like these while not losing sight of the small wonders of nature we see every day—if you’d like to identify a favorite leaf, Lee’s glossary of leaf characteristics means you won’t be left out on a limb—Nature’s Fabric is eminently readable and full of intriguing research, sure to enhance your appreciation for these extraordinary green machines.

Die W rme bertragung

Author: Maurits Ten Bosch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662288702
Format: PDF
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Vorbild Natur

Author: Werner Nachtigall
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642608663
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Im Forschungsbereich Bionik arbeiten Biologen und Ingenieure gemeinsam daran, neue Technologien nach natürlichen Vorbil dern zu entwickeln. Werner Nachtigall zeigt in seinem Buch, wie die Wunder der Natur in der Welt der Technik für umweltschonende, kosten- und energiesparende Lösungen genutzt werden können. o Verständliche Darstellung der biologischen Prozesse und Konstruktionsprinzipien o Faszinierender Einblick in die Gestaltungsvielfalt der Natur o Anschauliche Praxis-Beispiele für die Übertragung dieser Prinzipien in die moderne Technik Ein anregendes Buch für alle, die mehr über Bionik-Design wissen möchten.

Philosophische Grundlagen der Biologie

Author: Martin Mahner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642572316
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In den letzten drei Jahrzehnten des 20. Jahrhunderts ist die Philosophie der Biologie aus dem Schatten der physikorientierten Wissenschaftsphilosophie herausgetreten und hat sich als respektabler und blühender Zweig der Wissenschaftsphilosophie etabliert. In ihrem Buch entwickeln die Autoren eine neue Wissenschaftsphilosophie der Biologie auf einer konsequent realistischen und emergentistisch-materialistischen Grundlage. Sie stellen ein strenges, einheitliches und wissenschaftsorientiertes philosophisches Fundament vor, das es ihnen ermöglicht, viele philosophische und Grundlagenfragen der Biowissenschaften zu analysieren und zu klären. Dieses Buch möchte Biologen, Philosophen und alle Interessierten dazu anregen, neu über die Biophilosophie nachzudenken. Mit einem Geleitwort von Gerhard Vollmer.