Contemporary Apprenticeship

Author: Alison Fuller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317980174
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Throughout the world, people understand the meaning of 'apprenticeship'. As a model of learning and skill formation, apprenticeship has adapted over the years to reflect changes in work, in technology, and in the types of knowledge that underpin occupational expertise. Apprenticeship serves the needs of government, as well as employers, individuals and society more generally. These needs have always co-existed in dynamic tension. This book explores the contemporary state of apprenticeship in Europe, the United States, Canada, and Ghana. The chapters present perspectives from leading researchers in the field, showing how apprenticeship is evolving and changing in every country (crossing boundaries of age, sector and levels of skill and knowledge) and examining the ability of apprenticeship to facilitate both vertical progression – particularly to higher education – and horizontal progression between jobs and sectors. As such, apprenticeship remains at the core of debates about vocational learning and the nature of expertise. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Vocational Education and Training.

Francophone Perspectives of Learning Through Work

Author: Laurent Filliettaz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319186698
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book generates a comprehensive account of ways in which practice-based learning has been conceptualized in the Francophone context. Learning for occupations, and the educational and practice-based experiences supporting it are the subject of increased interest and attention globally. Governments, professional bodies, workplaces and workers are now looking for experiences that support the initial and ongoing development of occupational capacities. Consequently, more attention is being given to workplaces as sites for this learning. This focus on learning through work has long been emphasised in the Francophone world, which has developed distinct traditions and conceptions of associations between work and learning. These include ergonomics and professional didactics. Yet, whilst being accepted and of long standing in the Francophone world, these conceptions and traditions, and the practices supporting them are little known about or understood in the Anglophone world, which is the dominant medium for scientific and educational discussion. This book addresses this problem through drawing on accounts from France, Switzerland and Canada that make accessible and elaborate these traditions, conceptions and practices through examples of their applications to occupationally related learning. These accounts offer variations and culturally-specific developments of these traditions, but collectively emphasize a preoccupation with how both work and learning need to be understood through situated considerations of persons enacting their work practice. In this way, they offer noteworthy and worthwhile contributions to contemporary global considerations of learning through work.

The Dynamics of Opportunity in America

Author: Irwin Kirsch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319259911
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Across the country, our children are beginning life from very different starting points. Some have aspirations and believe they can be achieved. For too many others, aspirations are tempered, if not dashed, by the sobering realities of everyday life. These different starting points place children on distinctly different trajectories of growth and development, ultimately leading to vastly different adult outcomes. How did we get to a place where circumstances of birth have become so determinative? And what must we do, within communities and across our country, to better equalize opportunity for more Americans – both young and old? The editors of this volume contend that if, as a nation, we do nothing, then we will continue to drift apart, placing an unsustainable strain on the nation’s social fabric and the character of its democracy. Consequently, understanding the dynamics governing the distribution and transmission of opportunity – and transforming this understanding into policies and programs – is critical for not only the life outcomes of individual Americans and their children, but also the country as a whole. The goal of Educational Testing Service’s Opportunity in America initiative is to explore these powerful dynamics and to describe and convey them in a way that advances the national conversation about why we must take action – and how best to do so. This volume contains 14 chapters, including an epilogue, written by leaders from a range of fields including education, economics, demography, and political science. Collectively, they not only illuminate key aspects of the problem but also offer suggestions of what policies, programs, and changes in practices could begin to reverse the trends we are seeing. Written in an engaging style, this volume constitutes an essential foundation for informed discussion and strategic analysis.

Vocational Education and Training in Times of Economic Crisis

Author: Matthias Pilz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319478567
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book brings together a broad range of approaches and methodologies relevant to international comparative vocational education and training (VET). Revealing how youth in transition is affected by economic crises, it provides essential insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the various systems and prospects of VET in contexts ranging from North America to Europe, (e.g. Spain, Germany or the UK) to Asia (such as China, Thailand and India). Though each country examined in this volume is affected by the economic crisis in a different way, the effects are especially apparent for the young generation. In many countries the youth unemployment rate is still very high and the job perspectives for young people are often limited at best. The contributions in this volume demonstrate that VET alone cannot solve these problems, but can be used to support a smooth transition from school to work. If the quality of VET is high and the status and job expectations are good, VET can help to fill the skills gap, especially at the intermediate skill level. Furthermore, VET can also offer a realistic alternative to the university track for young people in many countries.

Learning Personalized

Author: Allison Zmuda
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118904834
Format: PDF
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A real-world action plan for educators to create personalized learning experiences Learning Personalized: The Evolution of the Contemporary Classroom provides teachers, administrators, and educational leaders with a clear and practical guide to personalized learning. Written by respected teachers and leading educational consultants Allison Zmuda, Greg Curtis, and Diane Ullman, this comprehensive resource explores what personalized learning looks like, how it changes the roles and responsibilities of every stakeholder, and why it inspires innovation. The authors explain that, in order to create highly effective personalized learning experiences, a new instructional design is required that is based loosely on the traditional model of apprenticeship: learning by doing. Learning Personalized challenges educators to rethink the fundamental principles of schooling that honors students' natural willingness to play, problem solve, fail, re-imagine, and share. This groundbreaking resource: Explores the elements of personalized learning and offers a framework to achieve it Provides a roadmap for enrolling relevant stakeholders to create a personalized learning vision and reimagine new roles and responsibilities Addresses needs and provides guidance specific to the job descriptions of various types of educators, administrators, and other staff This invaluable educational resource explores a simple framework for personalized learning: co-creation, feedback, sharing, and learning that is as powerful for a teacher to re-examine classroom practice as it is for a curriculum director to reexamine the structure of courses.

Working and Learning in Times of Uncertainty

Author: Sandra Bohlinger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9463002448
Format: PDF, ePub
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"This book analyses the challenges of globalisation and uncertainty impacting on working and learning at individual, organisational and societal levels. Each of the contributions addresses two overall questions: How is working and learning affected by uncertainty and globalisation? And, in what ways do individuals, organisations, political actors and education systems respond to these challenges?Part 1 focuses on the micro level of working and learning for understanding the learning processes from an individual point of view by reflecting on learners’ needs and situations at work and in school-work transitions. Part 2 addresses the meso level by discussing sector-specific and organisational approaches to working and learning in times of uncertainty. The chapters represent a broad range of branches including public services (police work), the automotive sector and the health sector (elderly care). Finally, Part 3 addresses the macro level of working and learning by analysing how to govern, structure and organise vocational, professional and adult education at the boundaries of work, education and policy making."

Unequal Britain at Work

Author: Alan Felstead
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198712847
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides the first systematic assessment of trends in inequality in job quality in Britain in recent decades. It assesses the pattern of change drawing on the nationally representative Skills and Employment Surveys (SES) carried out at regular intervals from 1986 to 2012. These surveys collect data from workers themselves thereby providing a unique picture of trends in job quality. The book is concerned both with wage and non-wage inequalities (focusing, in particular on skills, training, task discretion, work intensity, organizational participation, and job security), and how these inequalities relate to class, gender, contract status, unionisation, and type of employer. Amid rising wage inequality there has nevertheless been some improvement in the relative job quality experienced by women, part-time employees, and temporary workers. Yet the book reveals the remarkable persistence of major inequalities in the working conditions of other categories of employee across periods of both economic boom and crisis. Beginning with a theoretical overview, before describing the main data series, this book examines how job quality differs between groups and across time.

Second International Handbook of Lifelong Learning

Author: David N. Aspin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400723601
Format: PDF, Docs
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The second edition of the International Handbook of Lifelong Learning is extensive, innovative, and international in scope, remit and vision, inviting its readers to engage in a critical re-appraisal of the theme of “lifelong learning”. It is a thorough-going, rigorous and scholarly work, with profound and wide-ranging implications for the future of educating institutions and agencies of all kinds in the conception, planning and delivery of lifelong learning initiatives. Lifelong learning requires a wholly new philosophy of learning, education and training, one that aims to facilitate a coherent set of links and pathways between work, school and education, and recognises the necessity for government to give incentives to industry and their employees so they can truly “invest” in lifelong learning. It is also a concept that is premised on the understanding of a learning society in which everyone, independent of race, creed or gender, is entitled to quality learning that is truly excellent. This book recognises the need for profound changes in education and for goals that are critically important to education, economic advancement, and social involvement. To those concerned about the future of our society, our economy and educational provision, this book provides a richly illuminating basis for powerful debate. Drawing extensively on policy analyses, conceptual thinking and examples of informed and world-standard practice in lifelong learning endeavours in the field, both editors and authors seek to focus readers' attention on the many issues and decisions that must be addressed if lifelong learning is to become a reality for us all.

Modern Garde Manger A Global Perspective

Author: Robert B Garlough
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133715117
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The second edition of MODERN GARDE MANGER: A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE, was written for both the working chef and the serious student engaged in the practice and study of culinary arts. The first edition was winner of the International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP) Cookbook Award. Its carefully researched information and fully tested recipes span the international spectrum of the modern garde manger station. Four sections covering twenty chapters focus on the chef's required knowledge and responsibilities. This second edition has been reorganized to provide a clearer transition from subject to subject, and skill set to skill set. Special features include: Chapter Goals; Professional Profiles; Ask the Expert; People, Places, Things; Review Questions; Activities and Applications; and Key Words in Review. The text contains material on molecular cuisine, plus creative equipment used by garde manger chefs. There are more than 800 four-color photographs of which more than 300 are new, including many finished plates, platters, showpieces and step-by-step procedures, plus many additional recipes and expanded content on food show competition, buffet table layouts, ice sculpting techniques and more. . While Modern Garde Manger, 2e still retains its exposure to international recipes and techniques, more traditionally American recipes and techniques have been included in this edition. MODERN GARDE MANGER 2E is the most comprehensive book of its kind available for today's student and professional chef. In addition, a CourseMate website is available to accompany the text. CourseMate includes: an interactive eBook; Engagement Tracker, a first-of-its-kind tool that monitors student engagement in the course; and interactive teaching and learning tools including quizzes, flashcards, crossword puzzles, PowerPoint slides and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Comparison understanding and teacher education in international perspective

Author: Shenkeng Yang
Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Comparison, Understanding and Teacher Education in International Perspective presents an analysis of some methodological issues in educational research. Based on the comparisons of various understandings of human rationality in eastern and western philosophical traditions, this book attempts to discuss time, value, causal explanation, meaning, comparison and nature of knowledge in educational research. With reference to the discussed methodological reflections, a comparison of teacher education in Germany, the United States, Britain and Taiwan, R.O.C. is presented against their respective cultural backgrounds.