Contemporary Housing Issues in a Globalized World

Author: Padraic Kenna
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317160843
Format: PDF, Docs
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The globalization of housing finance led to the global financial crisis, which has created new barriers to adequate and affordable housing. It presents major challenges for current housing law and policy, as well as for the development of housing rights. This book examines and discusses key contemporary housing issues in the context of today’s globalized housing systems. The book takes up the challenge of developing a new paradigm, working towards the possibility of an alternative future. Revolving around three constellations of writing by diverse contributors, each chapter sets out a clear and developed approach to contemporary housing issues. The first major theme considers the crisis in mortgage market regulation, the development of mortgage securitization and comparisons between Spain and Ireland, two countries at the epicentre of the global housing market crisis. The second thematic consideration focuses on housing rights within the European human rights architecture, within national constitutions, and those arising from new international instruments, with their particular relevance for persons with disabilities and developing economies. The third theme incorporates an examination of responses to the decline and regeneration of inner cities, legal issues around squatting in developed economies, and changes in tenure patterns away from home-ownership. This topical book will be valuable to those who are interested in law, housing rights and human rights, policy-making and globalization.

The Right to housing in law and society

Author: Nico Moons
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351605615
Format: PDF, Mobi
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From the very first negotiations of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights half a century ago to the present day, socio-economic rights have often been regarded as less enforceable than civil and political rights. The right to adequate housing, even though protecting one of the most basic needs of human beings, has not escaped this classification. Despite its strong foundations in international, regional and domestic legislation, many people are still deprived of one or more of the different key elements that comprise adequate housing. How, then, can international human rights theory and case law be developed into effective vehicles at the domestic level? Rather than focusing merely on possibilities for individualized relief through the court system, The Right to Housing in Law and Society looks into more effective socio-economic rights realization by addressing both conceptual and practical stumbling blocks that hinder a more structural progress at the national level. The Flemish and Belgian housing legislation and policy are used to highlight the problems and illustrate the pathways here presented. While first and foremost legal in its approach, the book also offers a more sociological perspective on the functioning of the right to housing in practice. It shows the latest state of knowledge on the topic and will be of interest to researchers, academics, policymakers and students in the fields of international socio-economic rights law and human rights law more generally.

Landscape and Society in Contemporary Ireland

Author: Brendan McGrath
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781909005716
Format: PDF, Docs
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Nearby, over several days, a landowner, with the help of a JCB, razed level a limestone outcrop and its hazel thicket to make way for a brand new field that was topped off with truck-loads of imported soil. Meanwhile, on the other sideof the Burren an ugly array of signage, most of it unauthorised, became the backdrop for another 'welcome' sign. These various bits of new development in the last dozen years are unexceptional in themselves. But they drew my attention because of their proximity to that simple and unequivocal declaration of landscape protection. The contrast between the public message and what was happening around the signs is just one illustration of the unsatisfactory relationship that exists between contemporary Irish society and the places that it inhabits. This book is an examination of that relationship. The book is about both special places like the Burren and the everyday landscape experience. My aim is to give an account of contemporary Irish landscape and to describe and to explain how and why it has changed over the last forty years.

The Color of Law A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America

Author: Richard Rothstein
Publisher: Liveright Publishing
ISBN: 1631492861
Format: PDF
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"Rothstein has presented what I consider to be the most forceful argument ever published on how federal, state, and local governments gave rise to and reinforced neighborhood segregation." —William Julius Wilson In this groundbreaking history of the modern American metropolis, Richard Rothstein, a leading authority on housing policy, explodes the myth that America’s cities came to be racially divided through de facto segregation—that is, through individual prejudices, income differences, or the actions of private institutions like banks and real estate agencies. Rather, The Color of Law incontrovertibly makes clear that it was de jure segregation—the laws and policy decisions passed by local, state, and federal governments—that actually promoted the discriminatory patterns that continue to this day. Through extraordinary revelations and extensive research that Ta-Nehisi Coates has lauded as "brilliant" (The Atlantic), Rothstein comes to chronicle nothing less than an untold story that begins in the 1920s, showing how this process of de jure segregation began with explicit racial zoning, as millions of African Americans moved in a great historical migration from the south to the north. As Jane Jacobs established in her classic The Death and Life of Great American Cities, it was the deeply flawed urban planning of the 1950s that created many of the impoverished neighborhoods we know. Now, Rothstein expands our understanding of this history, showing how government policies led to the creation of officially segregated public housing and the demolition of previously integrated neighborhoods. While urban areas rapidly deteriorated, the great American suburbanization of the post–World War II years was spurred on by federal subsidies for builders on the condition that no homes be sold to African Americans. Finally, Rothstein shows how police and prosecutors brutally upheld these standards by supporting violent resistance to black families in white neighborhoods. The Fair Housing Act of 1968 prohibited future discrimination but did nothing to reverse residential patterns that had become deeply embedded. Yet recent outbursts of violence in cities like Baltimore, Ferguson, and Minneapolis show us precisely how the legacy of these earlier eras contributes to persistent racial unrest. “The American landscape will never look the same to readers of this important book” (Sherrilyn Ifill, president of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund), as Rothstein’s invaluable examination shows that only by relearning this history can we finally pave the way for the nation to remedy its unconstitutional past.

State Society and the Market in Contemporary Vietnam

Author: Hue-Tam Ho Tai
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415626250
Format: PDF
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Lively debates around property, access to resources, legal rights, and the protection of livelihoods have unfolded in Vietnam since the economic reforms of 1986. Known as Doi Moi (changing to the new), these have gradually transformed the country from a socialist state to a society in which a communist party presides over a neoliberal economy. By exploring the complex relationship between property, the state, society, and the market, this book demonstrates how both developmental issues and state-society relations in Vietnam can be explored through the prism of property relations and property rights. The essays in this collection demonstrate how negotiations over property are deeply enmeshed with dynamics of state formation, and covers debates over the role of the state and its relationship to various levels of society, the intrusion of global forces into the lives of marginalized communities and individuals, and how community norms and standards shape and reshape national policy and laws. With contributors from around the world, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of East and Southeast Asian studies, including politics, culture, society, and law, as well as those interested in the role of the state and property relations more generally.

Law and Society in Contemporary Cuba

Author: Debra Evenson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Every society must find a way to resolve the tension between individual interests and the common good. Today, poorer nations bear the added burden of sagging economies and colossal debt, hardly a sound basis for sustaining a semblance of civil rights or social justice. Cuba stands apart, as a small and poor country, which nevertheless has established standards of access to education, health care and housing that are among the highest in the world. An understanding of the legal system that has fostered and continues to protect this singular achievement offers inarguably important lessons for the global legal and policy-making community. Debra Evenson's eloquent analysis of Cuban law and society first appeared in 1994, and remains the only detailed, first-hand treatment of the subject. This thoroughly revised second edition incorporates the many changes that have taken place in Cuba during the last decade. The author finds a regime still unalterably committed to preserving fundamental principles of socialism, even as it struggles against enormous odds to maintain a secure place in the global economy. As it analyzes the substantive and procedural issues of the various fields of law, judicial administration and legal practice, Law and Society in Contemporary Cuba explores at every turn the ongoing 'reinvention' of socialism that Cuba has chosen to pursue. Cuba's commitment to a sustainable socialist economy in the prevailing market-driven global context colors the numerous recent reforms that introduce decentralized decision making and management at local and enterprise levels. The author explains the effects of de-subsidization of state enterprises on legal issues arising in labor-management relations, banking, and taxation, and describes new 'private' initiatives such as expanded areas of foreign investment, individual ownership of farms, and increased self-employment incentives. Other fields of law covered include criminal justice, family law, environmental regulation, intellectual property, and judicial procedure. Ms. Evenson does not turn a blind eye to the undeniable limitations on freedom of expression and political association imposed by Cuban law. However, her analysis also reveals the express and persistent U.S. hostility and efforts to undermine the current government that have a direct impact upon reducing the political and legal space for spontaneous debate inside Cuba. In doing so, she does readers an additional service by allowing us to reflect on the outcomes of one of Washington's most consistent foreign policy directions over the past four decades. By illuminating the relationship between law and social policy in a system striving to guarantee basic social rights, racial and gender equality and equitable distribution of wealth, this book is a major contribution to legal theory and invites re-examination of the appropriate balance between social justice and individual autonomy as perceived by the dominant legal culture.

Gender in Contemporary Iran

Author: Roksana Bahramitash
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 113682426X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book examines gender and the transformation of contemporary Iran.€In particular it documents the changes in women's lives, challenging the idea that the revolution put back the clock for women and showing€how they have now become agents of social change rather than victims.

Global Housing Markets

Author: Ashok Bardhan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118144236
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A global look at the reasons behind the recent economiccollapse, and the responses to it The speculative bubble in the housing market began to burst inthe United States in 2007, and has been followed by ruptures invirtually every asset market in almost every country in the world.Each country proposed a range of policy initiatives to deal withits crisis. Policies that focused upon stabilizing the housingmarket formed the cornerstone of many of these proposals. Thisinternationally focused book evaluates the genesis of the housingmarket bubble, the global viral contagion of the crisis, and thepolicy initiatives undertaken in some of the major economies of theworld to counteract its disastrous affects. Unlike other books on the global crisis, this guide deals withthe housing sector in addition to the financial sector ofindividual economies. Countries in many parts of the world wereplayers in either the financial bubble or the housing bubble, orboth, but the degree of impact, outcome, and responses variedwidely. This is an appropriate time to pull together the lessonsfrom these various experiences. Reveals the housing crisis in the United States as the core ofthe meltdown Describes the evolution of housing markets and policies in therun-up to the crisis, their impacts, and the responses in Europeanand Asian countries Compares experiences and linkages across countries and pointsto policy implications and research lessons drawn from theseexperiences Filled with the insights of well-known contributors with strongcontacts in practice and academia, this timely guide discusses thehistory and evolution of the recent crisis as local to eachcontributor's part of the world, and examines its distinctive andcommon features with that of the U.S., the trajectory of itsevolution, and the similarities and differences in policyresponse.