Contemporary Human Rights Ideas

Author: Bertrand G. Ramcharan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131761450X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Written by a former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (2003–4), this book has been fully updated for a second edition and continues to provide a much needed, short and accessible introduction to the foundational human rights ideas of our times and shows that every government is under international obligation to respect and uphold universal human rights. Updates include: Discussion of the recent intellectual challenges to the international human rights movement Examination of the establishment and functioning of the Human Rights Council and the Universal Review Process Evaluation of the developments in the area of the Responsibility to Protect and continued efforts to implement the right to development Inclusion of issues such as the push for compensation for slavery, experiments with democracy in a number of countries and the decisions of international judicial and human rights organs on conceptual and protection issues This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Global Institutions, International Law and Human Rights.

Kultur in den internationalen Beziehungen

Author: Martin List
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658207892
Format: PDF, Docs
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Völkerrecht und Menschenrechte, Solidarität, Nationalismus, Religion, Konsumerismus und Neoliberalismus – wie lässt sich die Wirksamkeit solch kultureller Faktoren in der internationalen Politik angemessen analysieren? Die Eignung unterschiedlicher Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen hierfür wird in diesem Lehrbuch erörtert und sodann anhand der genannten Themenbereiche demonstriert. Dabei verfolgt die Einführung für fortgeschrittene Bachelor- und Master-Studierende eine herrschaftskritische Perspektive.

The International Political Sociology of Security

Author: Trine Villumsen Berling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317524802
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book builds a theoretical approach to the intractable problem of theory/practice in international relations (IR) and develops tools to study how theory and practice ‘hang together’ in international security. Drawing on Pierre Bourdieu’s political sociology, the book argues that theory and practice take part in struggles over basic understandings (doxa) in international fields through what the book calls doxic battles. In these battles e.g. scientific facts, military hardware and social networks are mobilised as weapons in a fight for recognition. NATO’s transformation and fight for survival and the rapidly growing number of think tanks in European security in the 1990s is taken as an example of these processes. The book studies a variety of sources such as funding to science programmes in Europe; think tanks and research centres in European security; NATO’s relations with the EU, the WEU and the OSCE; and the mobilization of theory at crucial points in the transformation process. Theory as Practice and Capital will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, security studies and critical theory.

Rethinking International Relations Theory

Author: Martin Griffiths
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137294132
Format: PDF, Kindle
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International Relations (IR) theory has seen a proliferation of competing, and increasingly trenchant, worldviews with no consensus on how to evaluate their relative strengths and weakness. This innovative new text provides an original interpretation of how best to navigate the clash of perspectives in contemporary IR theory. The book provides a systematic overview of the main worldviews – such as realism, liberalism, and constructivism – and their associated theoretical underpinnings. Placing liberal internationalism at the heart of the debate, it argues that the main division in IR theory is between liberal internationalism and its critics. Griffiths examines both the strengths and weaknesses of liberal internationalism as a worldview, and also explores the competing worldviews that have been generated by the perceived flaws of this perspective. Examination of crucial policy issues is incorporated throughout the text, restoring the relevance of theory for those who wish to understand those policy issues. Moreover, this book revitalises the raison d'être of contemporary IR theory and shows the role it can play in making sense of the twenty-first century.

International Political Theory

Author: Kimberly Hutchings
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473946158
Format: PDF, Docs
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`A lucid, comprehensive analysis of normative approaches to international relations, and an original contribution to critical theory' - Andrew Linklater, University of Keele `Hutchings combines a valuable account of the current state of the art with a lucid expositon of her own, highly distinctive, position. This will be required reading for students in international political theory, and indeed anyone interested in normative issues in international relations' - Chris Brown, London School of Economics and Political Science Providing an invaluable overview of the competing schools of thought in traditional and contemporary international theory, this book seeks to path the way forward for new ways of thinking about international political morality. First, the role and place of normative theory in the study of international politics is explained before a discussion of mainstream approaches within international relations and applied ethics. Here the student is introduced to the central debates between realists and idealists, and cosmopolitans and communitarians. Second, the conceptual challenges of contemporary approaches in critical theory, postmodernism and feminism are outlined and then used as a platform to develop the author's own Hegelian-Foucauldian approach for doing normative international theory. Third, the insights drawn from each approach are applied to the study of two key topics in contemporary theoretical debate: the right to self-determination, and the idea of cosmopolitan democracy, and conclusions drawn for transcending the theoretical deadlock in international relations. Accessibly written and wide-ranging, this text will quickly become essential reading for all students and academics of politics and international relations seeking a deeper understanding of the underlying tensions and future potential of international theory today.

Humanities and Social Sciences in East and Central Africa

Author: Isaria N. Kimambo
Publisher: Dar Es Salaam University Press
ISBN: 9789976603811
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This collection of seventeen papers focuses on the processes of social change engendered by the processes of globalisation in the developing world. They critically re-examine concepts and theories that are informing contemporary discourse, which, in the collective opinion of the contributors, is largely a discourse in which people are considered targets; and human processes, strategies and operations. The book is divided into sections on: theoretical perspectives and dominant paradigms; democratic governance and the international environment; university governance and academic freedom; democracy and languages; and gender and human rights for children. Specific studies include: political science and 'paradigmatic shifts' in the social sciences in Africa; the teaching of dynamic political economy; rethinking democracy in the post-nationalistic state; teacing and researching public policy in contemporary African universities; the role of universities in achieving democratic governance; cost provision and the provision of university education in Uganda; language, identity and democracy;language policy and Kiswahili as the defining feature of democracy in Tanzania, mainstreaming gender in the humanities and social sciences disciplines, and child welfare in sub-Sahran Africa. The editor is Professor of History at the University of Dar es Salaam; and the contributors are drawn from the University of Dar es Salaam, as well as universities in Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Uganda, and the USA.

War Torture and Terrorism

Author: Anthony F. Lang, Jr.
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134038682
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book seeks to demonstrate how rules not only guide a variety of practices within international politics but also contribute to the chaos and tension on the part of agents in light of the structures they sustain. Four central themes- practice, legitimacy, regulation, and responsibility- reflect different dimensions of a rule governed political order. The volume does not provide a single new set of rules for governing an increasingly chaotic international system. Instead, it provides reflections upon the way in which rules can and cannot deal with practices of violence. While many assume that "obeying the rules" will bring more peaceful outcomes, the chapters in this volume demonstrate that this may occur in some cases, but more often than not the very nature of a rule governed order will create tensions and stresses that require a constant attention to underlying political dynamics. This wide-ranging volume will be of great interest to students of International Law, International Security and IR theory.

Multicultural Odysseys

Author: Will Kymlicka
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191623369
Format: PDF, ePub
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We are currently witnessing the global diffusion of multiculturalism, both as a political discourse and as a set of international legal norms. States today are under increasing international scrutiny regarding their treatment of ethnocultural groups, and are expected to meet evolving international standards regarding the rights of indigenous peoples, national minorities, and immigrants. This phenomenon represents a veritable revolution in international relations, yet has received little public or scholarly attention. In this book, Kymlicka examines the factors underlying this change, and the challenges it raises. Against those critics who argue that multiculturalism is a threat to universal human rights, Kymlicka shows that the sort of multiculturalism that is being globalized is inspired and constrained by the human rights revolution, and embedded in a framework of liberal-democratic values. However, the formulation and implementation of these international norms has generated a number of dilemmas. The policies adopted by international organizations to deal with ethnic diversity are driven by conflicting impulses. Pessimism about the destabilizing consequences of ethnic politics alternates with optimism about the prospects for a peaceful and democratic form of multicultural politics. The result is often an unstable mix of paralyzing fear and naïve hope, rooted in conflicting imperatives of security and justice. Moreover, given the enormous differences in the characteristics of minorities (eg., their size, territorial concentration, cultural markers, historic relationship to the state), it is difficult to formulate standards that apply to all groups. Yet attempts to formulate more targeted norms that apply only to specific categories of minorities (eg., "indigenous peoples" or "national minorities") have proven controversial and unstable. Kymlicka examines these dilemmas as they have played out in both the theory and practice of international minority rights protection, including recent developments regarding the rights of national minorities in Europe, the rights of indigenous peoples in the Americas, as well as emerging debates on multiculturalism in Asia and Africa.

Globality Democracy and Civil Society

Author: Terrell Carver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136888098
Format: PDF, Docs
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Globality, Democracy and Civil Society explores the relationship between the concepts of democracy and civil society through a comparison of their meaning and function in different historical and cultural contexts. This volume presents detailed contextual studies in Europe, North America, Japan, Russia and Turkey. The contributors explore different ways of understanding and developing democratic practices and institutions. Rather than projecting the conditions of modern representative, state-centric democracy onto the global realm, they propose ways of rethinking these very conditions in terms of human diversity and difference. This is done by exploring conceptions of democracy that reconcile cultural plurality with democratic practices, and by using a number of examples and perspectives framed by a global context, rather than by geographical divides between East and West. The contributors are not trying to define the concept of civil society, but rather demonstrating the different ways it is deployed in political practice and disseminated through on-going processes of globalisation. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of global democracy and governance, cosmopolitan democracy, the future of civil society in a globalising world, comparative politics and political thought.