Controversial Therapies for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities

Author: Richard M. Foxx
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317623827
Format: PDF, Docs
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One of the largest and most complex human services systems in history has evolved to address the needs of people with autism and intellectual disabilities, yet important questions remain for many professionals, administrators, and parents. What approaches to early intervention, education, treatment, therapy, and remediation really help those with autism and other intellectual disabilities improve their functioning and adaptation? Alternatively, what approaches represent wastes of time, effort, and resources? Controversial Therapies for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities, 2nd Edition brings together leading behavioral scientists and practitioners to shed much-needed light on the major controversies surrounding these questions. Expert authors review the origins, perpetuation, and resistance to scrutiny of questionable practices, and offer a clear rationale for appraising the quality of various services. The second edition of Controversial Therapies for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities has been fully revised and updated and includes entirely new chapters on psychology fads, why applied behavioral analysis is not a fad, rapid prompting, relationship therapies, the gluten-free, casein-free diet, evidence based practices, state government regulation of behavioral treatment, teaching ethics, and a parents’ primer for autism treatments.

Controversial Therapies for Developmental Disabilities

Author: John W. Jacobson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1135636109
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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One of the largest and most complex human services systems in Western nations has evolved to address the needs of people with developmental disabilities. In the U.S., for example, school budgets are stretched thin by legally mandated special education, and billions of Medicaid dollars annually are consumed by residential and professional services to this population. The temptation of a quick fix is strong. Many parents desperately seek the latest ideas and place pressure on program administrators, who often are not trained to think critically about the evidence base for intervention efforts. The problems of people with developmental disabilities have historically been targeted by a wide range of professionals who rely on clinical experience and intuition and do not submit their claims to the tests of scientific research. Professional entrepreneurs have energetically promoted their treatments to a public perhaps too trustful of those with credentials. Thus, families and their children are buffeted by reforms founded on belief and ideologically driven management. Services fluctuate with the currents of social movements and rapidly shifting philosophies of care as policymakers and providers strive for increased responsiveness and individualization. These forces affect not only where and how, but how well people are served. Too often, services are less effective than they could be, or worse, damaging to personal growth and quality of life. Many treatments are based on poorly understood or even disproven approaches. What approaches to early intervention, education, therapy, and remediation really help those with mental retardation and developmental disabilities improve their functioning and adaptation? And what approaches represent wastes of time, effort, and resources? This book brings together leading behavioral scientists and practitioners to focus light on the major controversies surrounding these questions. The authors review the origins, perpetuation, and resistance to scrutiny of questionable practices, and offer a clear rationale for appraising the quality of services. In an era of increasing accountability, no one with a professional stake in services to individuals with mental retardation and developmental disabilities can afford not to read this book.

Handbook of Special Education

Author: James M. Kauffman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131551768X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The purpose of the Handbook of Special Education is to help profile and bring greater clarity to the already sprawling and continuously expanding field of special education. To ensure consistency across the volume, chapter authors review and integrate existing research, identify strengths and weaknesses, note gaps in the literature, and discuss implications for practice and future research. The second edition has been fully updated throughout to take into account recent changes to federal laws as well as the most current academic research, and an entirely new section has been added on research methods in special education.

International Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Author: Johnny L. Matson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441980656
Format: PDF
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Since the early 1940s, when first identified as childhood psychosis and autistic psychopathy, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has continued to burgeon into a major focus of inquiry and interest among researchers, practitioners, and the public alike. With each passing decade, the number of scholarly articles addressing ASD and related disabilities continues to soar. Today, thousands of papers on autism are published annually across various disciplines and journals, making it challenging – if not impossible – to keep pace with, let alone synthesize, all the latest developments. Based on a solid historical foundation of autism theory and research, the International Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders integrates the broad scholarly base of literature with a trenchant analysis of the state of the field in nosology, etiology, assessment, and treatment. Its expert contributors examine recent findings and controversies (e.g., how prevalent autism actually is), along with longstanding topics of interest as well as emerging issues. Coverage includes: A survey of diagnostic criteria and assessment strategies. Genetic, behavioral, biopsychosocial, and cognitive models. Psychiatric disorders in persons with ASD. Theory of mind and facial recognition. Diagnostic instruments for assessing core features and challenging behaviors. Evidence-based psychosocial, pharmacological, and integrative treatments. Interventions specifically for adults with ASD. Training issues for professionals and parents. A review of findings of successful and promising therapies, coupled with guidance on how to distinguish between dubious and effective treatments. The International Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders is an indispensable resource for researchers, professors, graduate students, and allied practitioners in clinical child and school psychology, child and adolescent psychiatry, education, social work, rehabilitation, pediatric medicine, and developmental psychology.

Language and Autism

Author: Adrienne Fitzer
Publisher: Pro Ed
ISBN: 9781416403760
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume will provide the reader with a concise overview of applied behavioral interventions for language in people with autism spectrum disorders. It is an edited work consisting of 12 chapters organized into two broad sections. Part I deals with general aspects of language in people with ASD, such as the nature of language impairments, general approaches to language teaching, behavioral conceptions of language, and the evidence base for which approaches are effective. Part II addresses speci?c programmatic issues including particular intervention questions, such as how to teach speci?c functions (e.g., mands, tacts, intraverbals, and echoics); speci?c intervention methods (e.g., discrete- trial training, natural language paradigm, and incidental teaching); and intervening for problematic aspects of verbal behavior (e.g., prosody and maladaptive verbal behavior).

Ich will kein Inmich mehr sein

Author: Birger Sellin
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
ISBN: 3462309536
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Seit seinem Erscheinen erfährt dieses Buch große Aufmerksamkeit. Der damals 20-jährige Birger Sellin, autistisch behindert und jahrelang verstummt, schreibt Texte von ungeahnter Schönheit. »Hier wird um Sprache gerungen. Hier führt mir einer unter Schmerzen vor, was Schreiben eigentlich heißt«, schreibt Peter Bichsel über Sellins Buch, das immer wieder neue Leser findet.